Zambia Sample Clauses

Zambia. 1.1 Overview of ZambiaZambia is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa with a relatively stable and peaceful domestic political environment. From 2000 to 2010, Zambia maintained an average annual economic growth rate of 7.7%. In 2011, the World Bank listed Zambia as a lower-middle-income country. In the past decade, Zambia's economic growth has slowed down due to domestic and foreign factors such as the decline of copper prices in the international market, currency depreciation, energy critit, fitcal deficit, and grain production reduction.Mining industry is an important pillar of Zambia’s economy. Although the policies of the Zambian government after 2000 have been committed to strengthening the development of the manufacturing and the agriculture sectors to diversify its economy, mining is still the dominant industry. The mining sector accounted for 4.2% of GDP in 2000 and 14.6% in 2014. 1Over- reliance on copper exports has made its economy greatly impacted by the external environment. Before 2015, Zambia had a good momentum in foreign trade as high copper prices helped Zambia to maintain a trade surplus. Meanwhile, flexible interest rate policies enabled Zambia to adapt to changes in the external environment in time. However, Zambia has been facing the problem of insufficient endogenous economic impetus. In 2014, Zambia’s trade surplus amounted to $16 billion, but in 2015, Zambia’t trade deficit reached $70 million at the international copper prices fell sharply to the lowest level since 2003, which dealt a serious blow to Zambia’s economy. In order to recover the economy, the Zambian government adopted an expantionary fitcal policy to raise the salary of public service personnel, which further aggravated the government’s deficit and failed to have a positive impact on economic recovery. The government’s deficit accounted for 9.4% of GDP in 2015 from 2.4% in 2011.2In terms of external debt, the ratio of external debt to GDP increased from 10.2% in 2011 to 35% in 2016.3 Since 2017, the Zambian government has taken various measures to promote economic recovery, and the economy has been developing at a steady pace, but the government’s deficit has continued to increase.Zambia’s domestic economy already faced multiple challenges before the pandemic, including high inflation, expanding fiscal deficit, high external debt, and low foreign exchange reserves. However, in 2020, due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, Zambia’s economy declined by 2.9...
Zambia. In Zambia the general message is one of lack of communication and coordination with government and between the different active and potential energy SMEs. Although much of this is due to a shortage of human capacity, covered in the next section, the institutional dimension is crucial, where the lack of communication and cross-fertilisation between potential actors and entrepreneurs hampers the growth and success of initiatives. There are many ideas and numerous activities going on to develop and diffuse new energy technologies in Zambia. The weakness appears to be a lack of awareness and coordination between the individuals and organisations within the energy SME sector, and there is some degree of duplication of efforts and isolation of activities where more cooperation andcoordination could be beneficial to the sector as a whole. The situation is exacerbated by an absence of renewable energy trade associations in Zambia, apart from biofuels, and a low level of contact between small businesses and the Department of Energy, while the Rural Electrification Authority is mostly focussed on grid-based electrification. According to most interviewees, this lack of coordination can be attributed to inadequate human and institutional capacity in government. The main issues raised at the Lusaka workshop, and during subsequent interviews, concerned the lack of coordinated or centralised marketing for specific energy technologies; a general lack of information for entrepreneurs regarding the energy sector; the need for SME incubators; follow- up support for energy SMEs to improve chances of commercial success. In response to a discussion of these issues, the workshop participants agreed that a high-level energy ‘taskforce’, with strong political leadership at the highest levels, should be set up in Zambia to identify the organisational gaps in the energy SME sector. As well as galvanising support for a clear national energy SME agenda, such a taskforce should conduct a market mapping of who should be doing what, in order to streamline current activities. Participants also agreed that government- sponsored courses for entrepreneurs on management skills, book-keeping and business planning would help fill an important capacity gap, similar to what was provided under the AREED project for selected entrepreneurs. However, such open discussions can quickly descend into a ‘wish list’ of capacity needs, where it is all too easy to state that "it’s the government’s responsibi...
Zambia. (a) Support for: (i) the design, construction, equipping, furnishing and set-up of a BSL-3 national reference laboratory, including an animal laboratory, establishment of a proficiency testing system and panel production center, a biomedical equipment maintenance center, a biobank center, and a central warehouse; (ii) the establishment of a PHEOC (iii) the establishment of an ICT center (including hardware and software) data management, communication and security systems; and (iv) the design and construction of offices and training facilities for ZNPHI and the SA- RCC.
Zambia. On October 24, 1964, Zambia (former North- ern Rhodesia) became an independent state. In a note dated September 1, 1965 to the Sec- retary General of the United Nations, the Min- ister of Foreign Affairs of Zambia made a Declaration reading in part as follows: ‘‘I have the honour to inform you that the Government of Zambia, conscious of the desir- ability of maintaining existing legal relation- ships, and conscious of its obligations under international law to honour its treaty commit- ments acknowledges that many treaty rights and obligations of the Government of the United Kingdom in respect of Northern Rhode- sia were succeeded to by Zambia upon inde- pendence by virtue of customary international law. ‘‘Since, however, it is likely that in virtue of customary international law certain treaties may have lapsed at the date of independence of Zambia, it seems essential that each treaty should be subjected to legal examination. It is proposed after this examination has been com- pleted, to indicate which, if any, of the treaties which may have lapsed by customary inter- national law the Government of Zambia wishes to treat as having lapsed. ‘‘The question of Zambia’s succession to trea- ties is complicated by legal questions arising from the entrustment of external affairs powers to the former Federation of Rhodesia and Ny- asaland. Until these questions have been re- solved it will remain unclear to what extent Zambia remains affected by the treaties con- tracted by the former Federation. ‘‘It is desired that it be presumed that each treaty has been legally succeeded to by Zambia and that action be based on this presumption until a decision is reached that it should be re- garded as having lapsed. Should the Govern- ment of Zambia be of the opinion that it has legally succeeded to a treaty, and wishes to terminate the operation of the treaty, it will in due course give notice of termination in the terms thereof.’’ AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES Agricultural commodities agreement. Signed at Lusaka August 24, 1976; entered into force August 24, 1976. 27 UST 3451; TIAS 8377. Agricultural commodities agreement, with min- utes. Signed at Lusaka December 3, 1976; en- tered into force December 3, 1976.
Zambia. 13 Zambia Expells CIA Agents SOLIDARITY ACTIONS 14 Legislators, Activists Meet 16 Tambo Meets Black Activists 17 Rugby Tour Opposition Growing 18 Labor Opposes US Links NAMIBIA 19 Report from the War Zone SOUTH AFRICA 21 Strike Wave Brings Crackdown 23 Apartheid Fest Sparks Protests FICTION 26 Tales from Mozambique DEPARTMENTS 2 Update 25 At a Glance... 29 Publications Received '?2 News Briefs Subscriptions: Individual (domestic)i$10.00; lestitutionall$18.00; Individual (foreign)/$13.00; lnstitutionall$21:00; Airmail: Africa, Asia, Europel$22.50; South and Central America/$19.50. Southern Africa is available on microfilm through University Microfilm Zerox Company, Ann Arbor, Mich. 48104, and is listed in the Alternative Press Index and the Public Affairs Information Service. Distributors: New York, NY: Joe Massey; Washington, DC: Liberation Information Distribution Co.; Boston, MA: Carrier Pigeon, Third World Distributors; Chicago: Prairie News Agency; Minneapolis, MN: Rainbow Distribution; Atlanta, GA: Guild News Agency, Cabel R. News; Detroit, M: New Directions Enterprises. ISSN 938-3775 (~-523 JULY-AUGUST 1981iSOUTHERN AFRICA 1 t _ _ _ ANC Leader Assassinatec When African National Congress of South Africa (ANC) official Joe Gqabi was shot to death in Salisbury on July 31, the Zimbabwean government said South Africa was responsible. "The government believes this brutal act to be the dirty work of unscrupulous agents of the South African regime," Information Minister Nathan Shamuyarira declared. US intelligence has information that tends to corroborate the Zimbabwe charges, says Randall Robinson, executive director of the Black American lobby TransAfrica. Robinson says he learned from "a religble source" in late July of a Defense Department daily intelligence summary report which stated that the South African military had assembled an assassination squad to kill ANC leaders. "Yet the US did nothing to dissuade South Africa or to warn the ANC," Robinson charged. Thus far, US officials have refused comment. Andy Meldrum, reporting from Salisbury, says South African officials have repeatedly warned that an ANC office in Salisbury would be subject to reprisals for the ANC's frequent guerrilla assaults on strategic South African installations. The ANC has not officially opened an office in Salisbury. Zimbabwe has stressed its support for the ANC but has flatly refused to allow any ANC military operations in the country. On one occasion, the government sent ANC...
Zambia. Kenneth Kaunda, Zambia’s president from 1964 to 1991, has been one of the most vocal and committed AIDS activists in his country. During one Economic Commission for Africa conference in 2000, he referred to AIDS as:
Zambia. In Zambia, there is a consens us that local government structures are a vital link between the communities and the central government with the participation of traditional leaders in decision- making structures on matters pertaining to development at the local level. Traditional leaders’ contribution to strategic integrated development plans such as the Fifth National Development Plan (FNDP for 2006-2010) is considered crucial. However, like in South Africa, there is no consensus on the degree of participation by traditional leaders. For example, the State representative suggested that the programme activities of the FNDP incorporated the views of the traditional leaders who helped formulate the Plan. In contrast, the representative of traditional authorities observed that there was no such participation since no chiefs sat on the Lusaka City Council and Senior ChiefECA/SA/TPUB/GOVERNANCE/2007/1Page 21 Nkomesha was not represented on the Council. In other words, the institution of traditional leadership is not effectively involved in Council’s initiatives for socio-economic development.
Zambia. RDF was a consortium partner of the project Enhancing Tax Collection from Mining through Effective Regulation and Monitoring of Mineral Production at the Ministry of Mines in Zambia, funded by the European Union. As part of the project, RDF has implemented the MCAS system for export permits which is now integrated with the Zambia Revenue Authority. The project ended in January 2019.
Zambia. 21CURRENT SITUATION (AsiaSelected Situations) 21