Zambia. Grey Crowned Cranes are well protected in Zambia’s National Park network. Liuwa National Park, with the highest population of Grey Crowned Cranes is well managed with good support too from Africa Parks. Lochinvar and Blue Lagoon National Parks, straddling the Kafue Flats are less well managed. South Luangwa National Park is very well managed and strongly protected. However, conservation efforts in these protected areas are mostly focused on large mammals and little attention is given to birds in general. Thus there is insufficient support in conservation efforts aimed at safeguarding the Grey Crowned Crane populations. Geothermal mining is under consideration for Lochinvar National Park on the Kafue Flats, and the potential for other such unsustainable developments within National Parks is of concern.
Zambia. The project is working with the Ministry of Health to integrate nutrition services into HIV care to improve nutritional status of HIV clients. USAID ASSIST Country Improvement Plan Design Design Design continues iteratively throughout the project Implementation Continuing activities Year Upfront design, implementation and scale-up with sustainability in mind Sustainability Upfront design with scale-up in mind Scale-up Continuing activities Upfront design, implementation and scale-up with institutionalization in mind Institutionalization Year Learning: Knowledge Management & Research U USAID ASSIST Services SAID ASSIST can accept field support and strategic element group fund- ing to apply improvement science to achieve better outcomes in support of USAID objectives. The project’s country-level tech- nical assistance emphasizes not only better results, but sustained improvement at scale and institutionalizing improvement through competency development at the pre- and in-service levels as well as engaging with host-country governments at the policy level. Country programs developed under USAID ASSIST use a deliberate, up-front design strategy to systematically address key questions related to the evidence base for achieving improvements in the focus area of the work and the implementation strategy for the work planned, including technical content, improvement strategy, human performance factors, linkages to other health systems strengthening efforts, and gender considerations. As depicted in the figure below, the deliberate design of country improvement programs under USAID ASSIST also address: • How the improvement strategy will create the conditions for sustaining results after the project’s support is completed • Scaling up the improvements in care to the rest of the health system • Building capability within host country institutions to be able to conduct other im- provements without external assistance— making improvement a permanent, institutionalized part of delivering health services. USAID ASSIST country improvement xxxxxx- xxxx also address the deliberate design of the learning that will be accomplished through the work and how knowledge management, research, and evaluation activities will be incorporated into each country program. The project will enable the flexible application of evidence-based improvement ap- proaches within a given context to increase the likelihood of achieving the best possible outcomes while building the improvement compete...
Zambia. The species occurs at least in some years in the Barotse floodplain, Liuwa Plain, Kafue Flats, Bangweulu swamps and Simungoma on the Zambezi floodplain. Seasonal movements have been shown by Xxxxxxxx (1989). Although there are no breeding records, Xxxx Xxxxxxx suspected that they may now be breeding at Lochinvar as a short-billed juvenile was seen there in 1997. Some 21 birds were seen there in January 2003 by Xxxx Xxxx and about 100 birds were at Liuwa National Park in June 2003; these included 54 in one flock (Xxxxx 2003). Xxx Xxxxxxxxxx (pers. comm.) has had no recent sight records from the Kafue Flats but some birds were seen there by Xxxxxxx Xxxxxxxx (pers. comm.) during crane surveys. The estimated Zambian population ranges from a few hundred (Xxx Xxxxxxx) to 500-1000 birds (Xxxx Xxxxxxx, in BLI 2000). Zimbabwe: The species is sparse and uncommon in Zimbabwe although a very small population appears to be resident in Kazungula Swamp in the extreme west of the country, bordering on Botswana. Between 1978 and 2005 there were 33 records of the species in Zimbabwe, mainly of single birds but occasionally of up to four individuals. Eleven records come from the Kazungula to Victoria Falls area of the Zambezi River but most are from Mashonaland, particularly the two dams on the Manyame River, Lake Chivero (Lake XxXxxxxxx) and Lake Manyame (Darwendale Dam/Lake Xxxxxxxxx) built in 1973 (see MacCallum 1990). These dams have attracted 14 records. The first record in Zimbabwe was of a bird at Rainham Dam close to Harare in 1978 with another record 10 years later from this dam. Occasional Slaty Egrets wander into other areas of the Mashanoland Highveld Zimbabwe when non-breeding; four records come from Ngamo Pan in Hwange National Park, one from Kazuma Pan on the Botswana/Zimbabwe border south of Kazungula and one bird was seen on the middle Zambezi River in the north. In the Kazungula to Victoria Falls area of the Zambezi River where Slaty Egrets may breed records come from all months except February but mostly in March and April and from August to November. Up to four birds were seen there in March to May 1987. Mashonaland records are mainly from October to April with singles in May, June and September. For important sites in each country see Appendix 3. Population size and trends are poorly understood because of the dispersed nature of this species in often inaccessible floodplains. Table 2 provides some estimates from casual records and from a concerted effort...
Zambia. The SIPRS Project collaborated with the World Bank Rural Energy & ICT Team to provide technical assistance to the Ministry of Communications and Transport, regarding the finalization of the First Draft National Information and Communication Technology Policy. As well, the project co-delivered with the CTO a Governance workshop in February 2004. Xxxxxxxxx Xxxx Xxxxxxxxxxxx, of the CTO and Xx. Xxxxx Xxxxxxx provided the technical substance of this workshop. This workshop was provided to the Communications Authority Board, the two Deputy Ministers of Communications responsible for ICT and Broadcasting and their officials. It focused on bringing the participants up-to-date with the challenges facing policy-makers and regulators and the issues involved in governance of a regulatory agency. While the original intention was also to review the CAZ organization, staff and operations, this activity was not undertaken due to internal management issues within the Communications Authority of Zambia, which prevented the SIPRS team undertaking the planned field work for June 2004. Malawi The SIPRS Project visited Malawi 30 Janurary-1 February 2003. Meetings were held with Malawi Communications Regulatory Authority (MACRA) regarding plans to implement regional policy guidelines and progress on the Malawi HRD telecom strategy and planned HRD budget. SIPRS also met with operators on MACRA’s overall performance and their sensitivity to issues such as consumer protection, Key Performance Indicators, and the sector-wide consultations.
Zambia. Agreement on the Establishment of a Commission for the Operation of the 1996 General Agreement on Cooperation in the Economic, Social, Scientific, Technical and Cultural Fields. Entry into force: 20051018 20051025 Botswana Agreement on Co-operation in the Fields of Arts and Culture. Entry into force: 20051025 20051025 Botswana Agreement on cooperation in the Field of Agriculture and Livestock Farming. Entry into force: 20051025 20051025 Botswana Agreement on cooperation in the Field of Sport Development. Entry into force: 20051025 20051025 Botswana Agreement regarding the Co-ordination of Aeronautical Search and Rescue Services. Entry into force: 20051025 20051025 Botswana Memorandum of Understanding on Co-operation in the Field of Health. 20051025 Botswana Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation at Provincial and Local Government Level. Entry into force: 20051025 20051031
Zambia. Year Five of WASHplus was SPLASH (Schools Promoting Learning Achievement through Sanitation and Hygiene)/Zambia’s final wrap up year, one that comprised both intense work to meet the ambitious construction and training targets, and also one that made room for reflecting, taking stock, and sharing, both qualitatively and quantitatively, the achievements and lessons learned generated by this unique and comprehensive WASH in Schools program. Happily, targets were met and mostly exceeded, and lessons were articulated during staff and partner gatherings. In addition to this good news, fact finding missions to numerous schools revealed that SPLASH activities have generated “unexpected consequences” in terms of community development: hundreds of household latrines and handwashing stations have sprung up, improved water supply and motivation has led to building of classrooms, health posts, teachers’ houses, libraries, and more. Artisans trained and employed by SPLASH to construct latrines have gained marketable skills that are leading to better economic opportunities. School children have become powerful advocates in their homes and communities for improved WASH, and teachers are experiencing renewed commitment to good teaching. The theme throughout all task areas in FY15 was sustainability post-SPLASH. Construction of WASH facilities in the 400+ schools continued until the end of the year, with an additional focus on group and permanent handwashing stations and girls’ washrooms. For a detailed look at targets and achievements, see Xxxxx X. Hygiene education focused on building the capacity of the district and zonal teacher resource centers to deliver participatory training on how to integrate WASH in classroom lessons. This generated lesson plans and materials that were used in the SPLASH WASH teacher’s guide and in classrooms. SPLASH continued supporting pupil WASH Clubs throughout the districts, and these became autonomous and creative in how they carried out WASH peer-to-peer and community-focused hygiene promotion. Their influence can be seen in the nearly ubiquitous practice of handwashing in SPLASH schools. Group handwashing was trialed in various schools with simple stations that accommodate 10 or more children. MHM training and advocacy was carried out for schools and surrounding communities, including making pads, using washrooms, psychosocial support accompanied by brochures. Global Handwashing Day on October 15 was combined with ODF celebrations in Chi...
Zambia. 19940510 Entry into force:19940510 Establishment of Diplomatic Relations. 19960311 General Agreement on Cooperation in the Economic, Social, Scientific, Technical and Cultural Fields. 19961008 Bilateral Agreement on the Carriage of Goods and the Conveyance of Passengers by Road. 20020321 Agreement regarding Mutual Assistance between the Customs Administrations 20020725 Entry into force:20020725 Agreement concerning Defence Cooperation. 20051018 Entry into force:20051018 Agreement on the Establishment of a Commission for the Operation of the 1996 General Agreement on Cooperation in the Economic, Social, Scientific, Technical and Cultural Fields. 20071212 Entry into force:20071212 Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation. Zimbabwe 19940429 Establishment of Diplomatic Relations 19940818 Entry into force:19940818 Agreement relating to the Promotion of Co-operation in the field of Administration of Justice. (GG 16065 dd 11.11.1994) 19940819 Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation. 19950302 Entry into force:19950302 Agreement for the Establishment of a Joint Commission for Economic, Technical, Scientific and Cultural cooperation. 19960202 Agreement concerning Defence Co-operation. 19970320 Agreement on Road Transportation. 20041001 Memorandum of Understanding in the Fields of Employment and Labour 20051117 Entry into force:20051117 Agreement for the Establishment of a Joint Commission on Defence and Security. 20051117 Entry into force:20051117 Memorandum of Understanding concerning The Secondment of the Air Force of Zimbabwe Personnel to the South African Department of Defence. 20071129 Entry into force:20071129
Zambia. On October 24, 1964, Zambia (former North- ern Rhodesia) became an independent state. In a note dated September 1, 1965 to the Sec- retary General of the United Nations, the Min- ister of Foreign Affairs of Zambia made a Declaration reading in part as follows: ‘‘I have the honour to inform you that the Government of Zambia, conscious of the xxxxx- ability of maintaining existing legal relation- ships, and conscious of its obligations under international law to honour its treaty commit- ments acknowledges that many treaty rights and obligations of the Government of the United Kingdom in respect of Northern Rhode- sia were succeeded to by Zambia upon inde- pendence by virtue of customary international law. ‘‘Since, however, it is likely that in virtue of customary international law certain treaties may have lapsed at the date of independence of Zambia, it seems essential that each treaty should be subjected to legal examination. It is proposed after this examination has been com- pleted, to indicate which, if any, of the treaties which may have lapsed by customary inter- national law the Government of Zambia wishes to treat as having lapsed. ‘‘The question of Zambia’s succession to trea- ties is complicated by legal questions arising from the entrustment of external affairs powers to the former Federation of Rhodesia and Ny- asaland. Until these questions have been re- solved it will remain unclear to what extent Zambia remains affected by the treaties con- tracted by the former Federation. ‘‘It is desired that it be presumed that each treaty has been legally succeeded to by Zambia and that action be based on this presumption until a decision is reached that it should be re- garded as having lapsed. Should the Govern- ment of Zambia be of the opinion that it has legally succeeded to a treaty, and wishes to terminate the operation of the treaty, it will in due course give notice of termination in the terms thereof.’’ AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES Agricultural commodities agreement. Signed at Lusaka August 24, 1976; entered into force August 24, 1976. 27 UST 3451; TIAS 8377. Agricultural commodities agreement, with min- utes. Signed at Lusaka December 3, 1976; en- tered into force December 3, 1976.
Zambia. An intern was placed at Dairy King Ltd for a period of six months and supported the processor in the development of Standard Operation Procedures (SOPs) as well as inventory management. Besides the intern gaining knowledge and hands-on experience in operating a dairy plant, the internship proved valuable to the processor as he was able to achieve the following; 20 Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) and 22 record documents developed to improve operating systems. 6 One Point Lessons (the key steps on cheese production namely Acidification, Coagulation, Curds and Whey, Salting, Shaping, and Ripening) developed which partly contributed to improving quality of Mozzarella cheese. Reduction in milk testing time from 7 hours to 4 hours. Kenya: One intern was placed with Prosoya to support implementation of some of the GMP recommendations. The intern was engaged with Prosoya for a period of one and a half months and could not cover the proposed three months because of medical reasons. Despite the short duration, the intern supported the food safety team formed by Prosoya management on implementation of the GMP recommendations, namely: conducting shop floor training that included hygiene practices, providing guidance and awareness of key staff on HACCP. Based on observation, there has been notable improvement on personnel hygiene during food handling in the plant as a result of program support.
Zambia. During PY5, LMG/Zambia supported the finalization of the CCM Orientation Manuals and the CCM annual retreat, which was held in July 2016. LMG/Zambia finalized the manuals in November 2015, and they were submitted to the CCM and the USAID/ PEPFAR Coordinator.The manuals were well received, and as a result, the CCM requested additional support from the LMG Project to develop the Strategic Planning and Investment Committee Manual of Procedures. Because it could provide the needed technical support, this activity was moved to the GMS Project. In July 2016, the CCM in Zambia convened an annual retreat in Lusaka July 25–29, 2016.The LMG Project supported the retreat with co-funding from the CCM’s Global Fund budget.The four-day CCM retreat was designed around these three key objectives: