The Issues Sample Clauses

The Issues. WORK PLACE CHANGE It is agreed that the gardens of the Governor's Establishment must be maintained to a standard of excellence befitting the residence of the Head of State. The focus must be on introducing flexibilities which will result in fundamental changes to how the gardeners' work is organised, what work is carried out and when the work is carried out. Such issues include:
The Issues. The purpose of this colloquium is to explore adaptive agent models and, in so doing, to force reexamination of current social theory and encourage rethinking of the processes by which human organization emerges.∗The presumption in the meeting overview, from which the above passage is extracted, is that adaptive agent models are particularly well suited to capture the nature and consequences of social complexity whereas current social theory is not. Two aspects of current social theory are identified in the meeting overview: the dominance of social theory based on the assumption that economic actors maximise utility and the assumption that “social organization evolves from a top-down hierarchical system of culture and norms that serves to shape individual behavior.” It is then asserted that “Adaptive agents methods are likely to become the foundations for modeling and simulation that may help to resolve many of the problems of complexity and help in the development of policy tools that provide enhanced insight into the likely effects of policy action.”Why should adaptive agent models be relevant to, much less force the reexamination of, current social theory? And why might adaptive agents models usefully inform the provision of enhanced insight into the likely effects of policy action? After all, agent based simulation is hardly the first analytical approach for which great promise has been claimed. Game theory and then dynamic game theory was going to provide powerful and relevant models of competition. Yet a recent survey [1] of game theory papers in a leading economic journal showed that game theoretic analyses of processes was limited to two or in one case three agents and all n-person game theoretic models were concerned with equilibrium outcomes rather than any process. Econometrics and Keynesian theory together were going to provide means of forecasting the effects of policy actions provided that the number of policy targets were the same as the number of instruments. I recently asked on the email discussion list of the International Institute of Forecasters whether there are any counter-examples to the following claim:Since the invention of econometrics by Jan Tinbergen in the 1930s, there has not been a single correct econometric forecast of an extreme event such as a turning point in a trade cycle or a stock market crash. Every such forecast – without exception – has yielded either a type I or a type II error.Apart from one undocumentable claim, t...
The Issues. Submitters raised a number of other issues in response to the Amendment’s exhibition:• The need to retain the land for open space.• Loss of views.• Lack of support for the proposed sale of a Council asset.• The proposal to allow higher density residential development would result in increased traffic and have other negative impacts on adjoining properties.• Any future development would need to take account of safety concerns associated with Ambulance Victoria’s microwave communication system.• A suggestion of a land swap that would facilitate the development of the subject site as a community aged care facility.
The Issues. The issues in this case may be stated as follows:
The Issues. 30. The sole issue for determination in this judgment is whether there was a valid oral agreement between the Claimants and the Defendant through its former President, Tim Kee as alleged by the Claimants and if so, have the Claimants proven that the Defendant breached the terms of the said agreement. THE WITNESSES
The Issues. The issues surrounding the nature and timing of young adultsdecisions to leave their parents’ homes are complex. On one level, leaving home is a fundamental demographic transition that is doubtless related to other demographic transitions, perhaps most importantly partnering and parenthood. There is much work to be done in identifying the exact nature of this relationship however. While delayed residential independence might be simply seen as one outcome of the broader economic and social pressures leading to delayed marriage and childbearing more generally, this is perhaps too simplistic. Much of the twentieth century saw the age at which young people left home fall even as the age of marriage was increasing (for example, Young 1987; McDonald 1993) and it is hard to dispute the evidence that the link between marriage and childbearing has weakened considerably since the middle of the last century. These demographic events, while clearly related, are perhaps not so tightly interwoven as they were a generation or two ago. Consequently, it is important to develop a fuller understanding of the ways in which recent declines in marriage, co- habitation, or fertility rates are related to the increasing propensity of young adults to continue co-residing with their parents.Co-residence also represents an important mechanism through which resources are transferred between generations. In most developed, Western countries the flow of resources is predominantly from parents to their adult children. Where young adults reside is important for understanding their standard of living asempirical evidence rejects the notion that extended family members (regardless of their place of residence) face a common budget constraint (Altonji et al. 1989). Co- residence allows young people to consume, save and invest even in the face of credit constraints (Cox 1990; Fogli 2004; Ermisch, 2003) and to maintain their relative income position in periods of economic downturns (Card and Lemieux 1997). In Mediterranean Europe, resources also flow from adult children to their parents. Martínez-Granado and Ruiz-Castillo (2002) argue, for example, that in Spain the intergenerational family provides support in both directions. In Italy, the income share of co-residing, adult children has a positive effect on the household savings rate (Alessie et al. 2005), while Southern European parents in general report a decline in financial satisfaction once their adult children leave home (Kluve 2004). ...
The Issues. Second home equity is an important component of both housing equity and net worth for the old population. It has been covered, implicitly or explicitly, across all waves of HRS and AHEAD surveys. The treatment of second home equity, however, has not been consistent.Questions regarding second home should be asked for all households who have second homes at the time of the interview. Parallel to the questions about the primary (or main) home, the question sequence about second home should be independent of the sequence about real estate investment, making second home equity distinguishable from real estate equity. HRS92, HRS94, and HRS98 and after are the only survey waves that have exactly followed these rules.In AHEAD93, second home was explicitly treated as part of real estate investment. When asked about their real estate assets, a household was directed to include “any real estate (other than its main home), such as land, a second home, rental real estate, a partnership, or money owed to you on a land contract or mortgage” (see Question K2, AHEAD93 Codebook). In both AHEAD95 and HRS96, second home was correctly treated as independent of primary home and real estate investment. But due to a skip-pattern error, not all households with second homes were asked detailed questions about current market value, amount of mortgage, etc. Specifically, any respondents who had not lived in their second homes for at least two months of the year would not have been asked about their second home equity (see Questions CS31, CS35, and F40 for the relevant question flow in the AHEAD95 and HRS96 Codebooks). Since most people do not live in their second homes for two months or more of the year, this problem has skipped most second-home owners, and effectively past the detailed questions about value, mortgage, etc, mis- classified most second home owners as not owning second homes.The negative impact of the inconsistent treatment of second home on the estimation of housing equity and net worth is substantial. Based on results from HRS 1992, 1998, 2000, and 2002, second home equity in the aggregate accounts for more than 10% of total housing equity, more than 3% of total net worth for the HRS cohort (Table 1), and about 8% of total housing equity, about 3% of the total net worth for the AHEAD cohort (Table 2). When second home equity is combined with real estate investment (as in AHEAD 1993), there is no direct way to get an accurate measure of second home—and thus, total hou...
The Issues. The issues are:• Whether the tennis courts and hall additions contribute to the place’s significance.• Whether the HO884 heritage citation accurately reflects the place.• Whether the Heritage Overlay should apply to the entire site or to the church and hall with curtilage.
The Issues. The issues are whether:• the Maretimo Service Road area proposed to be rezoned RAZ2 should be retained in the RCZ2• a minimum lot size of 2 hectares should be applied to the land.
The Issues. The issues are:• Whether it is appropriate and justified to apply the Heritage Overlay (HO880) to 129-131 Yarrbat Avenue, Balwyn.• Whether the HO880 heritage citation accurately reflects the property.