Intellectual Disability Sample Clauses

Intellectual Disability. A disability characterized by significant limitations in general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently [at the same time] with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period, that adversely affects an individual’s educational performance. Internships - Internships are formal agreements whereby a youth is assigned specific tasks in a workplace over a predetermined period of time. Internships may be paid or unpaid, depending on the nature of the agreement with the company and the nature of the tasks. (Xxxxxxxx, 2009) Job Accommodations Network (JAN) – This service provides free, expert, and confidential guidance on workplace accommodations and disability employment issues. The JAN also helps people with disabilities enhance their employability and shows employers how to capitalize on the value and talent that people with disabilities add to the workplace. xxxxx://xxxxxx.xxx/ Job Club – Also known as job search or a networking club, which consists of formal and informal groups of job seekers. The purpose of a job club is to assist with the job search process and to provide and receive job search support and advice. Job Coaching- Job coaching refers to the training of an employee by an approved specialist, who uses structured intervention techniques to help the employee learn to perform job tasks to the employer's specifications and to learn the interpersonal skills necessary to be accepted as a worker at the job site and in related community contacts. In addition to job-site training, job coaching includes related assessment, job development, counseling, advocacy, travel training and other services needed to maintain the employment Job Corps – This is a program administered by the United States Department of Labor that offers free-of-charge education and vocational training to young men and women ages 16 to 24. One of the oldest social programs in the federal government today, the Job Corps tries to help young people from disadvantaged backgrounds complete their high school education and get a good start in the working world. The program has trained and educated two million individuals since it was first established during the Great Society era of the 1960s. Job Corps participants receive not only job assistance and education, but also room and board during their time in the program, which can last up to two years. In spite of its altruistic mission, the Job Corps has long been a source of debate between liberals and co...
Intellectual Disability. Diagnosis, Prevalence, and Impact Intellectual disability (ID) is the name currently preferred (Schalock et al. 2007) for the condition classified as mental retardation in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition, text revision. DSM-IV-TR specifies that this diagnosis is to be given to individuals with significantly reduced intellectual function, as determined by an IQ less than 70, concomitant with impaired adaptive functioning in the realms of communication, self-care, home living, and work, among others. Furthermore, DSM-IV-TR stipulates that the onset of the reduced intellectual function must be before age 18 for a diagnosis of intellectual disability, thus distinguishing ID from dementias with an adult onset (American Psychiatric Association 2000). Prevalence estimates of intellectual disability vary widely, from as low as 0.2% to as high as 8.5% (Roeleveld et al. 1997). This variability results from differences and difficulties in the diagnosis of ID (Xxxxxxx and Wen 2002). Like many disorders with a clinical definition, rather than a biochemical or molecular one, ID has been diagnosed differently at different points in time and continues to be diagnosed differently across different societies (Xxxxxx 2002). For example, in the United States, the IQ cutoff for ID diagnosis was lowered over the span of 40 years from 84 (Heber 1961) to its current cutoff of 70 (American Psychiatric Association 2000; Xxxxxxxxx and Xxxxx 2001). Also, because ID is inherently a disorder of functioning within a society, sociocultural differences in language (Xxxxxxx and Xxxxxx 1976) and behavior (Xxxxxx 1987) can impact diagnosis and prevalence rates. Considering these challenges to an accurate estimate of population prevalence, the most informative measure of the frequency of ID, perhaps, is one that is functionally derived. For this reason, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recognize the prevalence of ID to be roughly 1%, based upon data from special education programs in US public schools (Xxxxxxx-Xxxxxxx et al. 1992; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 1996). The high frequency of intellectual disability and the lack of functional independence inherent to the condition underlie its broad and costly impact. In fact, the CDC estimates that the lifetime cost associated with ID for all patients born in a given year is $51.2 billion. Approximately 80% of this is the indirect cost of productivity loss due to impaired occupa...

Related to Intellectual Disability

  • Confidentiality Intellectual Property The Executive agrees that during the Executive’s employment with the Company, whether or not under this Agreement, and at all times thereafter:

  • Industrial or Intellectual Property Rights 8. (a) The Borrower shall ensure that all Goods and Works procured (including without limitation all computer hardware, software and systems, whether separately procured or incorporated within other goods and services procured) do not violate or infringe any industrial property or intellectual property right or claim of any third party.

  • Intellectual Property The Company and the Subsidiaries have, or have rights to use, all patents, patent applications, trademarks, trademark applications, service marks, trade names, trade secrets, inventions, copyrights, licenses and other intellectual property rights and similar rights necessary or required for use in connection with their respective businesses as described in the SEC Reports and which the failure to so have could have a Material Adverse Effect (collectively, the “Intellectual Property Rights”). None of, and neither the Company nor any Subsidiary has received a notice (written or otherwise) that any of, the Intellectual Property Rights has expired, terminated or been abandoned, or is expected to expire or terminate or be abandoned, within two (2) years from the date of this Agreement. Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary has received, since the date of the latest audited financial statements included within the SEC Reports, a written notice of a claim or otherwise has any knowledge that the Intellectual Property Rights violate or infringe upon the rights of any Person, except as could not have or reasonably be expected to not have a Material Adverse Effect. To the knowledge of the Company, all such Intellectual Property Rights are enforceable and there is no existing infringement by another Person of any of the Intellectual Property Rights. The Company and its Subsidiaries have taken reasonable security measures to protect the secrecy, confidentiality and value of all of their intellectual properties, except where failure to do so could not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

  • Trade Secrets With respect to each Trade Secret, the documentation relating to such Trade Secret is current, accurate, and sufficient in detail and content to identify and explain it and to allow its full and proper use without reliance on the knowledge or memory of any individual. The Company has taken all reasonable precautions to protect the secrecy, confidentiality, and value of its Trade Secrets. The Company has good title and an absolute (but not necessarily exclusive) right to use the Trade Secrets. The Trade Secrets are not part of the public knowledge or literature, and, to the Company’s knowledge, have not been used, divulged, or appropriated either for the benefit of any Person (other the Company) or to the detriment of the Company. No Trade Secret is subject to any adverse claim or has been challenged or threatened in any way.