How Constituted The Board of Directors may designate one or more Committees, including an Executive Committee, each such Committee to consist of such number of Directors as from time to time may be fixed by the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors may designate one or more directors as alternate members of any such Committee, who may replace any absent or disqualified member or members at any meeting of such Committee. In addition, unless the Board of Directors has so designated an alternate member of such Committee, in the absence or disqualification of a member of such Committee, the member or members thereof present at any meeting and not disqualified from voting, whether or not he or they constitute a quorum, may unanimously appoint another member of the Board of Directors to act at the meeting in the place of any such absent or disqualified member. Thereafter, members (and alternate members, if any) of each such Committee may be designated at the annual meeting of the Board of Directors. Any such Committee may be abolished or redesignated from time to time by the Board of Directors. Each member (and each alternate member) of any such Committee (whether designated at an annual meeting of the Board of Directors or to fill a vacancy or otherwise) shall hold office until his successor shall have been designated or until he shall cease to be a Director, or until his earlier death, resignation or removal.
Governing Law; Construction This Agreement and any claim, counterclaim or dispute of any kind or nature whatsoever arising out of or in any way relating to this Agreement (“Claim”), directly or indirectly, shall be governed by, and construed in accordance with, the laws of the State of New York. The section headings in this Agreement have been inserted as a matter of convenience of reference and are not a part of this Agreement.
Certain Constructions For purposes of this Agreement, references to the most or next most subordinate Class of Non-VRR Certificates outstanding at any time shall mean the most or next most subordinate Class of Non-VRR Certificates then outstanding as among the Class A-1, Class A-2, Class A-3, Class A-SB, Class A-4, Class A-5, Class A-M, Class B, Class C, Class D, Class E, Class F, Class G-RR and Class H-RR Certificates. For purposes of this Agreement, each Class of Principal Balance Certificates and the Class RR Certificates shall be deemed to be outstanding only to the extent its respective Certificate Balance has not been reduced to zero. For purposes of this Agreement, the Excess Interest Certificates shall be outstanding so long as any of the ARD Loans are outstanding. For purposes of this Agreement, the Class R Certificates shall be outstanding so long as the Trust Fund has not been terminated pursuant to Section 9.01 of this Agreement or any other Class of Certificates remains outstanding. For purposes of this Agreement, each of the Class X-A, Class X-B, Class X-D and Class X-F Certificates shall be deemed to be outstanding until their respective Notional Amounts have been reduced to zero. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, for purposes of this Agreement, each reference to any action by the Master Servicer or Special Servicer that is subject to the consent or approval of the Directing Holder or consultation with the Directing Holder, any Risk Retention Consultation Party, the Operating Advisor, shall in each case be further subject to the determination by the Master Servicer or Special Servicer that taking or refraining from taking the action as proposed by the Directing Holder, any Risk Retention Consultation Party or the Operating Advisor, or not taking such action as proposed by the Master Servicer or Special Servicer if the Directing Holder or the Operating Advisor fails to grant its consent or approval, or if the Directing Holder, any Risk Retention Consultation Party or the Operating Advisor, as applicable, fail to express their concurrence, to any action proposed to be taken by the Master Servicer or Special Servicer, in each case, is consistent with the Servicing Standard. In each case, (a) if the response by the Directing Holder, any Risk Retention Consultation Party or the Operating Advisor hereunder is inconsistent with the Servicing Standard, the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer shall take such action as is consistent with the Servicing Standard, and (b) if the Master Servicer or Special Servicer determines that immediate action is necessary to protect the interests of the Certificateholders and the RR Interest Owner and, in the case of any Serviced Whole Loan, the related Serviced Companion Loan Noteholders, (as a collective whole as if such Certificateholders, RR Interest Owner and Serviced Companion Loan Noteholders, as applicable, constituted a single lender (and with respect to any Serviced Whole Loan with a related Subordinate Companion Loan, taking into account the subordinate nature of such Subordinate Companion Loan)), and the Master Servicer or Special Servicer, as applicable, has made a reasonable effort to contact the Directing Holder, any Risk Retention Consultation Party or the Operating Advisor, as applicable, it may take such action without waiting for a response from the Directing Holder, any Risk Retention Consultation Party or the Operating Advisor, as applicable; provided that the Special Servicer or Master Servicer, as applicable, shall provide the Directing Holder or any Risk Retention Consultation Party (or the Operating Advisor, if applicable) with prompt written notice following such action including a reasonably detailed explanation of the basis for such action.
Interpretation and Rules of Construction In this Agreement, except to the extent otherwise provided or that the context otherwise requires:
Law; Construction This Agreement and any claim, counterclaim or dispute of any kind or nature whatsoever arising out of or in any way relating to this Agreement (“Claim”), directly or indirectly, shall be governed by, and construed in accordance with, the internal laws of the State of New York.
Other Terms; Construction (a) The definitions of terms herein shall apply equally to the singular and plural forms of the terms defined. Whenever the context may require, any pronoun shall include the corresponding masculine, feminine and neuter forms. The words “include,” “includes” and “including” shall be deemed to be followed by the phrase “without limitation.” The word “will” shall be construed to have the same meaning and effect as the word “shall.” Unless the context requires otherwise, (i) any definition of or reference to any agreement, instrument or other document shall be construed as referring to such agreement, instrument or other document as from time to time amended, supplemented, restated or otherwise modified (subject to any restrictions on such amendments, supplements, restatements or modifications set forth herein or in any other Credit Document), (ii) any reference herein to any Person shall be construed to include such Person’s successors and assigns permitted hereunder, (iii) the words “herein,” “hereof” and “hereunder,” and words of similar import when used in any Credit Document, shall be construed to refer to such Credit Document in its entirety and not to any particular provision thereof, (iv) all references in a Credit Document to Articles, Sections, Exhibits and Schedules shall be construed to refer to Articles and Sections of, and Exhibits and Schedules to, the Credit Document in which such references appear, (v) any reference to any law or regulation herein shall, unless otherwise specified, refer to such law or regulation as amended, modified or supplemented from time to time, and (vi) the words “asset” and “property” shall be construed to have the same meaning and effect and to refer to any and all tangible and intangible assets and properties, including cash, securities, accounts and contract rights.
Certain Matters of Construction The terms “herein,” “hereof,” “hereunder” and other words of similar import refer to this Agreement as a whole and not to any particular section, paragraph or subdivision. Any pronoun used shall be deemed to cover all genders. In the computation of periods of time from a specified date to a later specified date, “from” means “from and including,” and “to” and “until” each mean “to but excluding.” The terms “including” and “include” shall mean “including, without limitation” and, for purposes of each Loan Document, the parties agree that the rule of ejusdem generis shall not be applicable to limit any provision. Section titles appear as a matter of convenience only and shall not affect the interpretation of any Loan Document. All references to (a) laws or statutes include all related rules, regulations, interpretations, amendments and successor provisions; (b) any document, instrument or agreement include any amendments, waivers and other modifications, extensions or renewals (to the extent permitted by the Loan Documents); (c) any section mean, unless the context otherwise requires, a section of this Agreement; (d) any exhibits or schedules mean, unless the context otherwise requires, exhibits and schedules attached hereto, which are hereby incorporated by reference; (e) any Person include successors and assigns; (f) time of day mean time of day at Lenders’ notice addresses under Section 13.3.1; or (g) discretion of any Lender mean the sole and absolute discretion of such Person. All calculations of fundings of the Loans, and payments of Obligations shall be in Dollars and, unless the context otherwise requires, all determinations made from time to time under the Loan Documents shall be made in light of the circumstances existing at such time. Borrowers shall have the burden of establishing any alleged negligence, misconduct or lack of good faith by any Lender under any Loan Documents. No provision of any Loan Documents shall be construed against any party by reason of such party having, or being deemed to have, drafted the provision.
Interpretation and Construction Each of the parties hereto acknowledges that it has been represented by counsel of its choice throughout all negotiations that have preceded the execution of this Agreement, and that it has executed the same with the advice of said independent counsel. Each party and its counsel cooperated and participated in the drafting and preparation of this Agreement and the documents referred to herein, and any and all drafts relating thereto exchanged among the parties shall be deemed the work product of all of the parties and may not be construed against any party by reason of its drafting or preparation. Accordingly, any rule of law or any legal decision that would require interpretation of any ambiguities in this Agreement against any party that drafted or prepared it is of no application and is hereby expressly waived by each of the parties hereto, and any controversy over interpretations of this Agreement shall be decided without regards to events of drafting or preparation. The section headings contained in this Agreement are for reference purposes only and shall not affect in any way the meaning or interpretation of this Agreement. The term “including” shall be deemed to mean “including without limitation” in all instances.
Law Governing this Agreement This Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of New York without regard to principles of conflicts of laws. Any action brought by either party against the other concerning the transactions contemplated by this Agreement shall be brought only in the state courts of New York or in the federal courts located in the state and county of New York. The parties to this Agreement hereby irrevocably waive any objection to jurisdiction and venue of any action instituted hereunder and shall not assert any defense based on lack of jurisdiction or venue or based upon forum non conveniens. The parties executing this Agreement and other agreements referred to herein or delivered in connection herewith on behalf of the Company agree to submit to the in personam jurisdiction of such courts and hereby irrevocably waive trial by jury. The prevailing party shall be entitled to recover from the other party its reasonable attorney’s fees and costs. In the event that any provision of this Agreement or any other agreement delivered in connection herewith is invalid or unenforceable under any applicable statute or rule of law, then such provision shall be deemed inoperative to the extent that it may conflict therewith and shall be deemed modified to conform with such statute or rule of law. Any such provision which may prove invalid or unenforceable under any law shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision of any agreement. Each party hereby irrevocably waives personal service of process and consents to process being served in any suit, action or proceeding in connection with this Agreement or any other Transaction Document by mailing a copy thereof via registered or certified mail or overnight delivery (with evidence of delivery) to such party at the address in effect for notices to it under this Agreement and agrees that such service shall constitute good and sufficient service of process and notice thereof. Nothing contained herein shall be deemed to limit in any way any right to serve process in any other manner permitted by law.
General Rules of Construction For all purposes of this Agreement: (i) the terms defined in this Agreement include the plural as well as the singular; (ii) all references in this Agreement to designated "Articles," "Sections" and other subdivisions are to the designated Articles, Sections and other subdivisions of the body of this Agreement; (iii) pronouns of either gender or neuter include, as appropriate, the other pronoun forms; (iv) the words "herein," "hereof" and "hereunder" and other words of similar import refer to this Agreement as a whole and not to any particular Article, Section or other subdivision; (v) "or" is not exclusive; (vi) "including" and "includes" will be deemed to be followed by "but not limited to" and "but is not limited to," respectively; (vii) any definition of or reference to any law, agreement, instrument or other document herein will be construed as referring to such law, agreement, instrument or other document as from time to time amended, supplemented or otherwise modified; and (viii) any definition of or reference to any statute will be construed as referring also to any rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.