International Law. 131. WTO dispute resolution panels and the Appellate Body have been required to interpret the concept of “like products” and, it is submitted, that the approach to determining “like circumstances” can be informed by the conclusions on “like products”.
International Law. The Parties confirm their mutual understanding that "" customary international law referred to in article 9.4 is of a general practice and bottleoperative States, followed by them in the context of a legal obligation. with respect to article 9.4, the minimum standard of treatment of aliens by customary international law refers to all customary international law principles that protect the economic rights and interests of aliens. Annex 9-B Payments and transfers With respect to the obligations contained in article 9.9, each Party shall reserve the functions and powers of the central banks, to maintain or adopt measures in accordance with its applicable legislation, in the case of Chile, Act No. 18.840 constitutional organic, of the Central Bank of Chile, or other legal; and in the case of Colombia, Act No. 31, 1992 or other legal; to ensure the stability of the currency and the normal functioning of the internal and external payment costing US $500,000 as powers for this purpose, the regulation of the amount of money and credit in circulation, the execution of credit transactions and international changes, as also make rules in the field of monetary, financial and credit of international changes. As part of these measures, including the establishment of requirements which restrict or limit transfers (current payments and capital movements) to or from each party and operations which relate to them, e.g. establish that deposits or investments from loans, or intended to be subject to the obligation to maintain a reserve requirement or deposit. in applying measures under this annex in accordance with its domestic law, the Parties shall not discriminate between the other party and a non- party in respect of transactions of the same nature. Annex 9-C Expropriation The Parties confirm their mutual understanding that:
International Law. 26.1 To the extent that TOML’s obligations under this Agreement conflict with TOML’s ISA Obligations, the latter shall take precedence, and the Parties agree that TOML shall be relieved of its obligations under this Agreement to the extent and for the period that those obligations conflict with TOML’s ISA Obligations or other obligations at International Law.
International Law. This Agreement will not be governed by the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, the application of which is expressly excluded.
International Law. Any international agreement ratified by an Act of Parliament forms part of the law of the Republic if so provided for in the Act of Parliament ratifying the agreement [Article 211 (1)]. The President has the power and duty to negotiate, sign, enter into and accede to international agreements or to delegate such power to ministers, ambassadors and high commissioners (Article 89(1)(f)). It is part of the duties of the Cabinet to assist the President in determining what international agreements are to be concluded or acceded to and to inform Parliament thereon (Article 96 (1)(f)) and to take responsibility for the implementation and administration of laws (Article 96(1)(f)).
International Law particularly the international agree- ments referred to in section 2 and customary international law;
International Law cannot be presumed to reduce a right such as territorial sovereignty, with which almost all international relations are bound up, to the category of an abstract right, without concrete manifestations.103 Downloaded from http://ejil.oxfordjournals.org/ by guest on March 11, 2014 It goes without saying that these general observations made at the very outset of the award already sounded the death knell for the American argumentation based on the mere discovery of the island by the Spanish in the early 16th century ‘without concrete manifestations’. But again, ‘typically Huberian’, the Swiss arbitrator, in very few words, offers much more, namely deep insights into international society’s normative and struc- tural framework called international law. For example, what Huber makes unmistakably clear is that the transfer of sovereignty has nothing in common with the transfer of prop- erty in land since, as Robert Jennings, referring to the Palmas Award, put it: A territorial change means not just a transference of a portion of the earth’s surface and its resources from one regime to another; it usually involves, perhaps more importantly, a decisive change in the nationality, allegiance and way of life of a population.104 This is indeed precisely the gist of Huber’s argument – obviously with far-reach- ing consequences. It is certainly true, Huber’s world is not the same world as ours and his ﬁxation on inter-state relations seems somewhat outdated today, as does the preponderance of elements such as ‘exclusive sovereignty’ and ‘territoriality’.105 How- ever, the essence of his argument is as valid today as it was almost 80 years ago. Most of his conclusions106 therefore still rightly meet with the almost unanimous support of the scientiﬁc community, making critics in a way the odd ones out: ‘that learned judge spoke with dogmatic certainty leaving nothing to possible interpretations?’107 103 RIAA II, at 838 ff. 104 R. Jennings, The Acquisition of Territory in International Law (1963), at 2 ff. 105 However, for the sake of justice, it should be recalled that Huber was already well aware of certain ‘ero- sive’ tendencies regarding both the law and organization of the international community, but he rightly maintained that certain ‘special cases . . . do not fall to be considered here and do not, for the matter, throw any doubt upon the principle which has just been enunciated’: RIAA II, at 838. Anyhow, under a realistic perspective, even admitting the emergence of...
International Law. Consolidated Version of the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union  C 326/01, Lisbon, 13 December 2007. Cooperation Agreement between the European Community and Vietnam COM/2013/0924 final, Hanoi, 14 May 1996. Framework agreement on comprehensive partnership and cooperation between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, of the other part  OJ L 329/8, Brussels, 27 June 2012. General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994, Geneva, 30 October 1947. International Labour Organization Convention on Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining CO98, Geneva, 8 June 1949. Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States, Montevideo, 26 December 1933. The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties between States and International Organizations or between International Organizations A/CONF.129/15, Vienna 21 March 1986. Vietnamese Law Cyber Security Law, No. 24/2018/QH14. Guidelines for some Articles of the Law on Investment, No. 118/2015/ND- CP. Labour Code, No. 10/2012/QH13. Law on Bidding, No. 43/2013/QH13. The Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, The National Assembly, 15 April 1992, Hanoi. The Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, The National Assembly, 28 November 2013, Hanoi.