GHANA. There are no country specific provisions. GREECE There are no country specific provisions. GUATEMALA
GHANA. The United States and Ghana strengthened trade relations in 2006. In July, the United States and Ghana met under the auspices of the U.S.-Ghana Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA) to discuss a wide range of issues including WTO negotiations, intellectual property rights, and ongoing cooperation toward a strategic plan for Ghana to develop non-traditional exports under AGOA. A number of bilateral issues have been resolved through the TIFA process. 57 COMESA members are Angola, Burundi, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Rwanda, Seychelles, Sudan, Swaziland, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Total two-way trade between Ghana and the United States was valued at $435 million in the first eleven months of 2006, a 12 percent decrease over the same period in 2005. Ghana is the sixth largest sub- Saharan African market for U.S. goods. The leading U.S. exports to Ghana were machinery, vehicles, and wheat. U.S. imports from Ghana are primarily cocoa, oil, timber, and apparel. In the first eleven months of 2006, U.S. imports from Ghana under AGOA, including its GSP provisions, were valued at $43.4 million, a 22 percent decrease over the same period in 2005.
GHANA. Greece Grenada Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati 7 Korea Kuwait Laos Latvia Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Malta Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Moldova Monaco Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Norway Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Qatar Romania Russian Fed. Rwanda St. Kitts & Nevis St. Lucia St. Vincent & the Grenadines Samoa * Sao Tome & Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovak Rep. Slovenia Somalia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname 1 Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Tanzania Thailand Togo Trinidad & Tobago Tunisia Turkey Tuvalu 7 Uganda Ukraine Union of Soviet Socialist Reps.8 United Arab Emirates United Kingdom 9 United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Zimbabwe Amendment: June 22, 1979 (TIAS 11079). NOTES: * Enters into force for Samoa February 7, 2005. 1 With statement. 2 With reservation(s). 3 Applicable to Hong Kong and Macao. With declaration. See note under CHINA in bi- lateral section.
GHANA. A study conducted in southern Ghana sought to determine the effect of the Ghanaian Ministry of Health’s nationwide Community-Based Health Planning and Services (CHPS) policy on male involvement in reproductive health and family planning services. The CHPS system was implemented to reduce barriers to health care access, including family planning services. Through a series of focus groups and in-depth interviews, it was found that spousal approval in contraceptive decisions was frequently required (Baba Adongo, 2013). They also found that males were more involved in family planning services when communities had a functioning CHPS system. In order to meet reproductive health targets within this specific cultural context, involving males in family planning dialogues at the community level was proven to be effective and result in better health outcomes for those involved. The study also found that the community health volunteers had minimal knowledge of family planning services, which was an area identified for improvement. Uganda Uganda is another example of where the integration of family planning and HIV testing and counseling services at the community level has been explored. In partnership with USAID and the Ugandan Ministry of Health, FHI 360 implemented and evaluated HIV testing and counseling (HTC) by Village Health Team (VHT) members, Uganda’s CHWs. The overall goal of the program was to determine if VHTs could safely and effectively provide both HIV testing and family planning counseling services at the community level in two geographically and socially distinct districts. The VHTs had to be trained in and currently delivering family planning services, including contraceptive injectables, to participate. More so than in previous examples, an increased emphasis was placed on providing accurate test results and ensuring the safety of the VHTs conducting the HIV tests (Family Health International, 2014). Through surveys and in-depth-interviews with community members and VHTs in early 2013, they were able to assess the impact of the program and identify areas for future improvement. Overall, they found that this adapted service delivery model was successful and VHTs could efficiently and effectively provide HTC services at the community level. However, only 21% of tested clients were tested as a couple, and 25% of VHTs reported having difficulty reaching men (Family Health International, 2014). There was no promotion of LARC services, which is an area con...