Trustees, Shareholders, etc Not Personally Liable; Notice. All persons extending credit to, contracting with or having any claim against the Trust or any Series or class shall look only to the assets of the Trust, or, to the extent that the liability of the Trust may have been expressly limited by contract to the assets of a particular Series or attributable to a particular class, only to the assets belonging to the relevant Series or attributable to the relevant class, for payment under such credit, contract or claim; and neither the Shareholders nor the Trustees, nor any of the Trust's officers, employees or agents, whether past, present or future, shall be personally liable therefor. Nothing in this Declaration of Trust shall protect any Trustee against any liability to which such Trustee would otherwise be subject by reason of willful misfeasance, bad faith, gross negligence or reckless disregard of the duties involved in the conduct of the office of Trustee. Every note, bond, contract, instrument, certificate or undertaking made or issued on behalf of the Trust by the Trustees, by any officer or officers or otherwise shall give notice that this Declaration of Trust is on file with the Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and shall recite that the same was executed or made by or on behalf of the Trust or by them as Trustee or Trustees or as officer or officers or otherwise and not individually and that the obligations of such instrument are not binding upon any of them or the Shareholders individually but are binding only upon the assets and property of the Trust or upon the assets belonging to the Series or attributable to the class for the benefit of which the Trustees have caused the note, bond, contract, instrument, certificate or undertaking to be made or issued, and may contain such further recital as he or she or they may deem appropriate, but the omission of any such recital shall not operate to bind any Trustee or Trustees or officer or officers or Shareholders or any other person individually.
No Personal Liability of Shareholders, Trustees, etc No Shareholder of the Trust shall be subject in such capacity to any personal liability whatsoever to any Person in connection with Trust Property or the acts, obligations or affairs of the Trust. Shareholders shall have the same limitation of personal liability as is extended to stockholders of a private corporation for profit incorporated under the Delaware General Corporation Law. No Trustee or officer of the Trust shall be subject in such capacity to any personal liability whatsoever to any Person, save only liability to the Trust or its Shareholders arising from bad faith, willful misfeasance, gross negligence or reckless disregard for his duty to such Person; and, subject to the foregoing exception, all such Persons shall look solely to the Trust Property for satisfaction of claims of any nature arising in connection with the affairs of the Trust. If any Shareholder, Trustee or officer, as such, of the Trust, is made a party to any suit or proceeding to enforce any such liability, subject to the foregoing exception, he shall not, on account thereof, be held to any personal liability. Any repeal or modification of this Section 5.1 shall not adversely affect any right or protection of a Trustee or officer of the Trust existing at the time of such repeal or modification with respect to acts or omissions occurring prior to such repeal or modification.
Appointment of Controlling Noteholder Representative (a) The Controlling Noteholder shall have the right at any time to appoint a controlling noteholder representative to exercise its rights hereunder (the “Controlling Noteholder Representative”). The Controlling Noteholder shall have the right in its sole discretion at any time and from time to time to remove and replace the Controlling Noteholder Representative. When exercising its various rights under Section 5 and elsewhere in this Agreement, the Controlling Noteholder may, at its option, in each case, act through the Controlling Noteholder Representative. The Controlling Noteholder Representative may be any Person (other than a Borrower Party), including, without limitation, the Controlling Noteholder, any officer or employee of the Controlling Noteholder, any Affiliate of the Controlling Noteholder or any other unrelated third party. No such Controlling Noteholder Representative shall owe any fiduciary duty or other duty to any other Person (other than the Controlling Noteholder). All actions that are permitted to be taken by the Controlling Noteholder under this Agreement may be taken by the Controlling Noteholder Representative acting on behalf of the Controlling Noteholder and other Noteholders (and any Servicer) will accept such actions of the Controlling Noteholder Representative as actions of the Controlling Noteholder. The Lead Securitization Noteholder (or any Servicer on its behalf) shall not be required to recognize any Person as a Controlling Noteholder Representative until the Controlling Noteholder has notified the Lead Securitization Noteholder (and any Servicer) of such appointment and, if the Controlling Noteholder Representative is not the same Person as the Controlling Noteholder, the Controlling Noteholder Representative provides the Lead Securitization Noteholder (and any Servicer) with written confirmation of its acceptance of such appointment, an address, any fax number and any email address for the delivery of notices and other correspondence and a list of officers or employees of such person with whom the parties to this Agreement may deal (including their names, titles, work addresses, telephone numbers, any fax numbers and any email addresses). The Controlling Noteholder shall promptly deliver such information to any Servicer. None of the Servicers, Operating Advisor and Trustee shall be required to recognize any person as a Controlling Noteholder Representative until they receive such information from the Controlling Noteholder. The Controlling Noteholder agrees to inform each such Servicer or Trustee of the then-current Controlling Noteholder Representative.
Power of Board of Trustees to Make Tax Status Election The Board of Trustees shall have the power, in its discretion, to make such elections as to the tax status of the Trust and any Series as may be permitted or required under the Code, without the vote of any Shareholder.
Interested Directors No contract or transaction between the Corporation and one or more of its directors or officers, or between the Corporation and any other corporation, partnership, association, or other organization in which one or more of its directors or officers are directors or officers, or have a financial interest, shall be void or voidable solely for this reason, or solely because the director or officer is present at or participates in the meeting of the Board of Directors or committee thereof which authorizes the contract or transaction, or solely because his or their votes are counted for such purpose, if (i) the material facts as to his or their relationship or interest and as to the contract or transaction are disclosed or are known to the Board of Directors or the committee, and the Board of Directors or committee in good faith authorizes the contract or transaction by the affirmative votes of a majority of the disinterested directors, even though the disinterested directors be less than a quorum; or (ii) the material facts as to his or their relationship or interest and as to the contract or transaction are disclosed or are known to the stockholders entitled to vote thereon, and the contract or transaction is specifically approved in good faith by vote of the stockholders; or (iii) the contract or transaction is fair as to the Corporation as of the time it is authorized, approved or ratified, by the Board of Directors, a committee thereof or the stockholders. Common or interested directors may be counted in determining the presence of a quorum at a meeting of the Board of Directors or of a committee which authorizes the contract or transaction.
Controlling Class Certificateholders and the Controlling Class Representative; Certain Rights and Powers of the Directing Holder (a) Each Certificateholder and Beneficial Owner of a Control Eligible Certificate is hereby deemed to have agreed by virtue of its purchase of such Certificate (or beneficial ownership interest in such Certificate) to provide its name and address to the Certificate Registrar and to notify the Certificate Registrar of the transfer of any Control Eligible Certificate (or the beneficial ownership of any Control Eligible Certificate), the selection of a Controlling Class Representative or the resignation or removal thereof. Any such Certificateholder (or Beneficial Owner) or its designee at any time appointed Controlling Class Representative is hereby deemed to have agreed by virtue of its purchase of a Control Eligible Certificate (or the beneficial ownership interest in a Control Eligible Certificate) to notify the Certificate Registrar when such Certificateholder (or Beneficial Owner) or designee is appointed Controlling Class Representative and when it is removed or resigns. Upon receipt of such notice, the Certificate Registrar shall notify the Special Servicer, the Master Servicer, the Certificate Administrator, the Depositor, the Operating Advisor, the Trustee and each Serviced Companion Loan Noteholder of the identity of the Controlling Class Representative, any resignation or removal thereof and/or any new Holder or Beneficial Owner of a Control Eligible Certificate. In addition, upon the request of the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Certificate Administrator, the Trustee or the Operating Advisor, as applicable, the Certificate Registrar shall promptly (but no later than five (5) Business Days after such request) provide to the requesting party the identity of the then-current Controlling Class and a list of the Holders of Certificates of the Controlling Class. However, if any Controlling Class Certificateholder is listed as being the Depository, then the Certificate Administrator shall promptly (but in no event more than five (5) Business Days following such request) request from the Depository, the list of Beneficial Owners of the Controlling Class, and the Certificate Administrator shall provide such list to the requesting party promptly upon receipt; provided that, if any Controlling Class Certificateholder is listed as the Depository and the Certificate Administrator has actual knowledge of the identity of the related Beneficial Owner, then the Certificate Administrator shall include such Beneficial Owner in the list provided to any requesting party pursuant to first sentence of this paragraph. The Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Trustee and the Operating Advisor shall be entitled to conclusively rely on any such information so provided. Any expenses incurred in connection with obtaining such information shall be at the expense of the requesting party, except that if (i) such expenses arise in connection with an event as to which the Directing Holder (or Controlling Class Representative) has review, consent or consultation rights with respect to an action taken by, or report prepared by, the requesting party pursuant to this Agreement and (ii) the requesting party has not been notified of the identity of the Directing Holder (or Controlling Class Representative) or reasonably believes that the identity of the Directing Holder (or Controlling Class Representative) has changed, then such expenses shall be at the expense of the Trust. To the extent the Master Servicer has actual knowledge of any change in the identity of a Holder (or Beneficial Owners) of the Controlling Class, then the Master Servicer shall promptly notify the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Operating Advisor and the Special Servicer thereof, who may rely conclusively on such notice from the Master Servicer.
Advance Notice of Shareholder Nominees for Trustees and Other Shareholder Proposals (a) As used in this Section 10.6, the term “annual meeting” refers to any annual meeting of Shareholders as well as any special meeting held in lieu of an annual meeting as described in the first two sentences of Section 10.2 of these Bylaws, and the term “special meeting” refers to all meetings of Shareholders other than an annual meeting or a special meeting in lieu of an annual meeting.
Incorporators, Stockholders, Officers and Directors of Company Exempt from Individual Liability No recourse under or upon any obligation, covenant or agreement contained in this Indenture or any indenture supplemental hereto, or in any Security or any coupons appertaining thereto, or because of any indebtedness evidenced thereby, shall be had against any incorporator, as such or against any past, present or future stockholder, officer, director or employee, as such, of the Company or of any successor, either directly or through the Company or any successor, under any rule of law, statute or constitutional provision or by the enforcement of any assessment or by any legal or equitable proceeding or otherwise, all such liability being expressly waived and released by the acceptance of the Securities and the coupons appertaining thereto by the holders thereof and as part of the consideration for the issue of the Securities and the coupons appertaining thereto.
INTERESTS OF DIRECTORS AND CONTROLLING SHAREHOLDERS None of the directors or controlling shareholders of the Company has any interest, direct or indirect, in the Proposed Co-operation or the Definitive Agreement other than through their respective shareholding interests, if any, in the Company.
Incorporators, Stockholders, Officers and Directors of Issuer Exempt from Individual Liability No recourse under or upon any obligation, covenant or agreement contained in this Indenture, or in any Security, or because of any indebtedness evidenced thereby, shall be had against any incorporator, as such or against any past, present or future stockholder, officer or director, as such, of the Issuer or of any successor, either directly or through the Issuer or any successor, under any rule of law, statute or constitutional provision or by the enforcement of any assessment or by any legal or equitable proceeding or otherwise, all such liability being expressly waived and released by the acceptance of the Securities and the Coupons appertaining thereto by the Holders thereof and as part of the consideration for the issue of the Securities and the Coupons appertaining thereto.