Lateral. Employees who are remaining on the same wage scale, who are transferring to a different wage zone, will occupy the same wage step in the new wage zone as they occupied at the time of transfer in their former wage zone including any accrued time toward the next progression increase.
Lateral. Even though the lift and drag response were found to be largely independent of the direction of tail rotation, Parga et al.  found that the relationship between tail rotation and side force is more complex. The magnitude of the side force was found to increase symmetrically with tail rotation, but the direction of the side force depended on the sign ofthe magnitude and direction of the lift force on the tail. As discussed in Section 3.2, the sign of this lift force will depend both on the tail incidence as well as the tail’s overall angle of attack. Figure 11 depicts the resulting side force produced by the tail according to the direction of lift and rotation of the tail. For example, a positive tail rotation (illustrated in Fig. 1) will generate a positive (rightward) side force when the lift on the tail is positive, but will generate a negative (leftward) side force when the lift on the tail is negative. This coupling between the tail degrees of freedom was confirmed by experimental results from Hummel  and flight tests from Hoey .Tail rotation will generate yawing moments, because theside force generated by a bird’s tail will always act aft of the center of gravity. As such, the sign of the yawing moment in response to tail rotation is also affected by the sign of the tail lift [206, 212] as depicted in Fig. 11. For example, for a positive tail rotation with a positive lift force (upper right-hand corner of Fig. 11), a negative incidence angle would reduce the lift and reduce the existing yawing mo- ment. In contrast, downwards deflection of the tail (positive incidence) would supplement the negative yawing moment. Despite this challenge, Parga et al.  found that rotating a V-tail produced yawing moments equivalent to that of a comparable rudder if the tail was at high positive incidence angles. With this configuration, the authors suggested that tail rotation would be effective for yaw control but stressed that substantial control challenges were introduced by the control dependence on the directionality of the tail lift.Gamble and Inman  achieved yaw control on anavian-inspired rudderless design using MFC actuators, al- though the tail harnessed bend-twist coupling of fiber com- posites and cannot be characterized as pure tail rotation. Interestingly, the authors found a linear relationship between the yawing moment generated and the tail displacement (a combination of incidence and rotation as described in this work) for the ...
Lateral shall be defined as a change of shift or building location within the same division and classification with no change in the employee’s hourly rate and no increase in the regularly scheduled hours. For the purpose of this definition, shift premiums shall not be considered as an increase or decrease in the hourly rate. Whenever a lateral vacancy is filled, such employee should be expected to remain on the job for a period of not less than one (1) year from the closing date of the bid before being permitted to exercise his/her rights to bid on another lateral vacancy.
Lateral. A private sewer line installed at the property owner’s expense for the purpose of connecting the property to a City-installed sewer line which abuts the property to provide municipal sewer service for the property.
Lateral. That portion of the private sanitary or storm sewer extending from a point five feet outside the established line of the building or structure (including any structural projection except eaves) to the public sanitary sewer or storm system main, including the fittings or connection to the mainline. The lateral includes both the “building sewer” and the “side sewer.”
Lateral. An inherent danger in difficult times is to look inward and either neglect or actively damage partnerships. This will be compounded by the new requirements for our Board to judge ourselves rather than rely on external assessments, such as “double excellent”. As well as the key NHS relationships STH has, the Council and Universities represent important city partners. Both sectors are experiencing challenges of their own. Teaching and education are critical to the creation of the highly skilled workforce required by a modern supplier of health care. Finally, STH is also likely to experience potentially unforeseeable impacts on its business from ongoing discovery and innovation in: • health care (e.g. gene therapy);• how individuals live their lives (e.g. social networking as the preferred means of connection with services);• expectations by patients of joint decision-making and commissioning alongside enshrined rights and expectations in the NHS Constitution; and• institutional and governmental expectations of providers (e.g. the publication of the Francis Inquiry).
Lateral. A symmetrically spread, level tail will predominately affect the longitudinal forces and moments, however there is evidence that birds also actively adjust their tail spread during lateral maneuvers. For example, when entering a banked turn, the steppe eagle used a spread tail configuration and the spread angle was reduced throughout the banking maneuver, similar to the incidence angle . In addition,the tail spread angle was noted to transiently fluctuate, which the authors hypothesized could indicate that tail spread also provides an active control mechanism to damp dynamic oscillations caused by atmospheric turbulence. When com- bined with other degrees of freedom, tail spread may play a substantially more complex role in lateral flight control than has been studied to date and covered in this review.