Agreement Establishing the International Fund for Agricultural Development
Adopted by the United Nations Conference on the Establishment of an International Fund for Agricultural Development on 13 June 1976, in Rome
Opened for signature, in accordance with its Article 13.1(a), on 20 December 1976, in New York.
Entered into force, in accordance with its Article 13.3(a), on 30 November 1977.
Section 8 of Article 6 amended, in accordance with Article 12, by Resolution 44/X of the Governing Council on 11 December 1986. Amendment entered into force on 11 March 1987.
Articles 3.3, 3.4, 4.2, 4.5, 5.1, 6.2, 6.3, 6.5, 6.6, 12(a) and 13.3 and Schedules I, II and III amended, in accordance with Article 12, by Resolution 86/XVIII of the Governing Council on 26 January 1995. Amendments entered into force on 20 February 1997.
Article 4.1 amended, in accordance with Article 12, by Resolution 100/XX of the Governing Council on 21 February 1997. Amendment entered into force on 21 February 1997.
Articles 7.2 (a) and (b) amended, in accordance with Article 12, by Resolution 124/XXIV of the Governing Council on 21 February 2001 and subsequently by Resolution 141/XXIX on 16 February 2006, as revised by Resolution 141/XXIX/Rev.1. Amendments entered into force on 22 December 2006.
Article 7.2 (g) amended by Resolution 143/XXIX of the Governing Council on 16 February 2006. Amendment entered into force on 16 February 2006.
Recognizing that the continuing food problem of the world is afflicting a large segment of the people of the developing countries and is jeopardizing the most fundamental principles and values associated with the right to life and human dignity;
Considering the need to improve the conditions of life in the developing countries and to promote socio-economic development within the context of the priorities and objectives of the developing countries, giving due regard to both economic and social benefits;
Bearing in mind the responsibility of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations within the United Nations system, to assist the efforts of developing countries to increase food and agricultural production, as well as that organization’s technical competence and experience in this field;
Conscious of the goals and objectives of the International Development Strategy for the Second United Nations Development Decade and especially the need to spread the benefits of assistance to all;
Bearing in mind paragraph (f) of part 2 (“Food”) of Section 1 of General Assembly resolution 3202 (S-VI) on the Programme of Action on the Establishment of a New International Economic Order;
Bearing in mind also the need for effecting transfer of technology for food and agricultural develop- ment and Section V (“Food and Agriculture”) of General Assembly resolution 3362 (S-VII) on develop- ment and international economic cooperation, with particular reference to paragraph 6 thereof regarding the establishment of an International Fund for Agricultural Development;
Recalling paragraph 13 of General Assembly resolution 3348 (XXIX) and resolutions I and II of the World Food Conference on the objectives and strategies of food production and on the priorities for agricultural and rural development;
Recalling resolution XIII of the World Food Conference which recognized:
(i) the need for a substantial increase in investment in agriculture for increasing food and agri- cultural production in the developing countries;
(ii) that provision of an adequate supply and proper utilization of food are the common responsi- bility of all members of the international community; and
(iii) that the prospects of the world food situation call for urgent and coordinated measures by all countries;
and which resolved:
that an International Fund for Agricultural Development should be established immediately to finance agricultural development projects primarily for food production in the developing countries;
The Contracting Parties have agreed to establish the International Fund for Agricultural Development, which shall be governed by the following provisions:
DEFINITIONS For the purposes of this Agreement the terms set out below shall have the following meaning, unless the context otherwise requires:
(a) “Fund” shall mean the International Fund for Agricultural Development;
(b) “food production” shall mean the production of food including the development of fisheries and livestock;
(c) “State” shall mean any State, or any grouping of States eligible for membership of the Fund in accordance with Section 1(b) of Article 3;
(d) “freely convertible currency” shall mean:
(i) currency of a Member which the Fund determines, after consultation with the International Monetary Fund, is adequately convertible into the currencies of other Members for the pur- poses of the Fund’s operations; or
(ii) currency of a Member which such Member agrees, on terms satisfactory to the Fund, to exchange for the currencies of other Members for the purposes of the Fund’s operations.
“Currency of a Member” shall, in respect of a Member that is a grouping of States, mean the currency of any member of such grouping;
(e) “Governor” shall mean a person whom a Member has designated as its principal representative at a session of the Governing Council;
(f) “votes cast” shall mean affirmative and negative votes.
AOrBJEtCTIiVEcAND lTehe objective2of the Fund shall be to mobilize additional resources to be made available on concess-
ional terms for agricultural development in developing Member States. In fulfilling this objective the Fund shall provide financing primarily for projects and programmes specifically designed to intro- duce, expand or improve food production systems and to strengthen related policies and institutions within the framework of national priorities and strategies, taking into consideration: the need to increase food production in the poorest food deficit countries; the potential for increasing food pro- duction in other developing countries; and the importance of improving the nutritional level of the poorest populations in developing countries and the conditions of their lives.
ArMEtMBiERcSHIP lSeection 13- Eligibility for Membership
(a) Membership of the Fund shall be open to any State member of the United Nations or of any of its
specialized agencies, or of the International Atomic Energy Agency.
(b) Membership shall also be open to any grouping of States whose members have delegated to it powers in fields falling within the competence of the Fund, and which is able to fulfil all the obligations of a Member of the Fund.
Section 2 - Original Members and Non-Original Members
(a) Original Members of the Fund shall be those States listed in Schedule I, which forms an integral part of this Agreement, that become parties to this Agreement in accordance with Section 1(b) of Article 13.
(b) Non-original Members of the Fund shall be those other States that, after approval of their member- ship by the Governing Council, become parties to this Agreement in accordance with Section 1(c) of Article 13.
Section 3 - Limitation of Liability
No Member shall be liable, by reason of its membership, for acts or obligations of the Fund.
ArRtESOiURcCES lSeection 14- Resources of the Fund
The resources of the Fund shall consist of:
(i) initial contributions;
(ii) additional contributions;
(iii) special contributions from non-member States and from other sources;
(iv) funds derived or to be derived from operations or otherwise accruing to the Fund.
Section 2 - Initial Contributions
(a) The amount of an initial contribution of an original and a non-original Member shall be the amount and in the currency of such contribution specified by the Member in its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession deposited by that Member pursuant to Section 1(b) and (c) of Article 13 of this Agreement.
(b) The initial contribution of each Member shall be due and payable in the forms set forth in Section 5(b) and (c) of this Article, either in a single sum or, at the option of the Member, in three equal annual instalments. The single sum or the first annual instalment shall be due on the thirtieth day after this Agreement enters into force with respect to that Member; any second and third instalments shall be due on the first and on the second anniversary of the date on which the first instalment was due.
Section 3 - Additional Contributions
In order to assure continuity in the operations of the Fund, the Governing Council shall periodically, at such intervals as it deems appropriate, review the adequacy of the resources available to the Fund; the first such review shall take place not later than three years after the Fund commences operations. If the Governing Council, as a result of such a review, deems it necessary or desirable, it may invite Members to make additional contributions to the resources of the Fund on terms and conditions consistent with Section 5 of this Article. Decisions under this Section shall be taken by a two-thirds majority of the total number of votes.
Section 4 - Increases in Contributions
The Governing Council may authorize, at any time, a Member to increase the amount of any of its contributions.
Section 5 - Conditions Governing Contributions
(a) Contributions shall be made without restriction as to use and shall be refunded to contributing Members only in accordance with Section 4 of Article 9.
(b) Contributions shall be made in freely convertible currencies.
(c) Contributions to the Fund shall be made in cash or, to the extent that any part of such contribut- ions is not needed immediately by the Fund in its operations, such part may be paid in the form of non-negotiable, irrevocable, non-interest bearing promissory notes or obligations payable on demand. In order to finance its operations, the Fund shall draw down all contributions (regard- less of the form in which they are made) as follows:
(i) contributions shall be drawn down on a pro rata basis over reasonable periods of time as determined by the Executive Board;
(ii) where a contribution is paid partly in cash, the part so paid shall be drawn down, in accord- ance with paragraph (i), before the rest of the contribution. Except to the extent that the part paid in cash is thus drawn down, it may be deposited or invested by the Fund to pro- duce income to help defray its administrative and other expenditures;
(iii) all initial contributions, as well as any increases in them, shall be drawn down before any additional contributions are drawn down. The same rule shall apply to further additional contributions.
Section 6 - Special Contributions
The resources of the Fund may be increased by special contributions from non-member States or other sources on such terms and conditions, consistent with Section 5 of this Article, as shall be approved by the Governing Council on the recommendation of the Executive Board.
ArCUtRRiENcCIES lSeection 15- Use of Currencies
(a) Members shall not maintain or impose any restriction on the holding or use by the Fund of freely
(b) The non-convertible currency contributions of a Member made to the Fund on account of that Member’s initial or additional contributions prior to 26 January 1995 may be used by the Fund, in consultation with the Member concerned, for the payment of administrative expenditures and other costs of the Fund in the territories of that Member, or, with the consent of that Member, for the payment of goods or services produced in its territories and required for activities finan- ced by the Fund in other States.
Section 2 - Valuation of Currencies
(a) The unit of account of the Fund shall be the Special Drawing Right of the International Monetary Fund.
(b) For the purposes of this Agreement, the value of a currency in terms of the Special Drawing Right shall be calculated in accordance with the method of valuation applied by the International Monetary Fund, provided that:
(i) in the case of the currency of a member of the International Monetary Fund for which such value is not available on a current basis, the value shall be calculated after consultation with the International Monetary Fund;
(ii) in the case of the currency of a non-member of the International Monetary Fund, the value of the currency in terms of the Special Drawing Right shall be calculated by the Fund on the basis of an appropriate exchange rate relationship between that currency and the currency of a member of the International Monetary Fund for which a value is calculated as specified above.
AORGArNIZtATIOiNcAND lSeection 16- Structure of the Fund
The Fund shall have:
(a) a Governing Council;
(b) an Executive Board;
(c) a President and such staff as shall be necessary for the Fund to carry out its functions.
Section 2 - The Governing Council
(a) Each Member shall be represented on the Governing Council and shall appoint one Governor and an alternate. An alternate may vote only in the absence of his principal.
(b) All the powers of the Fund shall be vested in the Governing Council.
(c) The Governing Council may delegate any of its powers to the Executive Board1 with the except- ion of the power to:
(i) adopt amendments to this Agreement;
(ii) approve membership;
(iii) suspend a Member;
(iv) terminate the operations of the Fund and distribute its assets;
(v) decide appeals from decisions made by the Executive Board concerning the interpretation or application of this Agreement;
(vi) determine the remuneration of the President.
(d) The Governing Council shall hold an annual session, and such special sessions as it may decide, or as are called by Members having at least one-fourth of the total number of votes in the Governing Council, or as requested by the Executive Board by a two-thirds majority of the votes cast.
(e) The Governing Council may by regulation establish a procedure whereby the Executive Board may obtain a vote of the Council on a specific question without calling a meeting of the Council.
(f) The Governing Council may, by a two-thirds majority of the total number of votes, adopt such regulations and by-laws not inconsistent with this Agreement as may be appropriate to conduct the business of the Fund.
(g) A quorum for any meeting of the Governing Council shall be constituted by Governors exercis- ing two-thirds of the total votes of all its members.
1The Governing Council, at its First Session on 16 December 1977, adopted Resolution 77/2, which stated as follows:
Delegation of Powers to the Executive Board
The Governing Council,
Pursuant to Article 6.2(c) of the Agreement Establishing the Fund and to Section 7 of the By-laws of the Fund,
Authorizes the Executive Board to exercise all the powers of the Council, with the exception of those specified in Articles 4.3, 4.4, 6.2(e), 6.2(f), 6.5(e), 6.8(a), 6.8(c), 6.9, 6.10, 7.1(e) and 8.1 of the Agreement Establishing the Fund, and those reserved to the Council by Article 6.2(c) (i-vi) thereof.”
The last paragraph of the above-mentioned Resolution was subsequently amended by Resolution 86/XVIII, adopted by the Governing Council on 26 January 1995 and entered into force on 20 February 1997, to read as follows:
Authorizes the Executive Board to exercise all the powers of the Council, with the exception of those specified in Articles 4.3, 4.4, 6.2(e), 6.2(f), 6.5(e), 6.8(a), 6.8(b), 6.8(d), 6.9, 6.10, 7.1(e) and 8.1 of the Agreement Establishing the Fund, and those reserved to the Council by Article 6.2(c) (i-vi) thereof.”
Section 3 - Voting in the Governing Council
(a) The total number of votes in the Governing Council shall be comprised of Original Votes and Replenishment Votes. All Members shall have equal access to those votes on the following basis:
(i) Original Votes shall consist of a total of one thousand eight hundred (1 800) votes made up of membership votes and contribution votes:
(A) membership votes shall be distributed equally among all Members; and
(B) contribution votes shall be distributed among all Members in the proportion that each Member’s cumulative paid contributions to the resources of the Fund, authorized by the Governing Council prior to 26 January 1995 and made by Members in accordance with Sections 2, 3 and 4 of Article 4 of this Agreement, bear to the aggregate of the total of the said contributions paid by all Members;
(ii) Replenishment Votes shall be made up of membership votes and contribution votes in a total amount of votes to be decided by the Governing Council upon each occasion that it calls for additional contributions under Section 3 of Article 4 of this Agreement (a “replenish- ment”) commencing with the fourth such replenishment. Except as the Governing Council shall by a two-thirds majority of the total number of votes otherwise decide, the votes for each replenishment shall be established in the ratio of one hundred (100) votes for the equivalent of each one hundred and fifty eight million United States dollars (USD 158 000 000) contributed to the total amount of that replenishment, or a fraction thereof:
(A) membership votes shall be distributed equally among all Members on the same basis as that set forth in provision (i)(A) above; and
(B) contribution votes shall be distributed among all Members in the proportion that each Member’s paid contribution to the resources contributed to the Fund by Members for each replenishment bears to the aggregate of the total contributions paid by all Members to the said replenishment; and
(iii) The Governing Council shall decide the total number of votes to be allocated as member- ship votes and contribution votes under paragraphs (i) and (ii) of this Section. Upon any change in the number of Members of the Fund, the membership votes and contribution votes distributed under paragraphs (i) and (ii) of this Section shall be redistributed in accord- ance with the principles laid down in the said paragraphs. In the allocation of votes, the Governing Council shall ensure that those Members classified as members of Category III before 26 January 1995 receive one-third of the total votes as membership votes.
(b) Except as otherwise specified in this Agreement, decisions of the Governing Council shall be taken by a simple majority of the total number of votes.
Section 4 - Chairman of the Governing Council
The Governing Council shall elect a Chairman from among the Governors, who shall serve for two years.
Section 5 - Executive Board
(a) The Executive Board shall be composed of 18 members and up to 18 alternate members, elected from the Members of the Fund at the annual session of the Governing Council. The seats in the Executive Board shall be distributed by the Governing Council from time to time as specified in Schedule II to this Agreement. The members of the Executive Board and their alternates, who may vote only in the absence of a member, shall be elected and appointed in accordance with the procedures set forth in Schedule II hereto, which forms an integral part of this Agreement.
(b) Members of the Executive Board shall serve for a term of three years.
(c) The Executive Board shall be responsible for the conduct of the general operations of the Fund, and for this purpose shall exercise the powers given to it by this Agreement or delegated to it by the Governing Council.
(d) The Executive Board shall meet as often as the business of the Fund may require.
(e) The representatives of a member or of an alternate member of the Executive Board shall serve without remuneration from the Fund. However, the Governing Council may decide the basis on which reasonable travel and subsistence expenses may be granted to one such representative of each member and of each alternate member.
(f) A quorum for any meeting of the Executive Board shall be constituted by members exercising two-thirds of the total votes of all its members.
Section 6 - Voting in the Executive Board
(a) The Governing Council shall, from time to time, decide the distribution of votes among the members of the Executive Board in accordance with the principles established in Section 3(a) of Article 6 of this Agreement.
(b) Except as otherwise specified in this Agreement, decisions of the Executive Board shall be taken by a majority of three-fifths of the votes cast, provided that such majority is more than one-half of the total number of votes of all members of the Executive Board.
Section 7 - Chairman of the Executive Board
The President of the Fund shall be the Chairman of the Executive Board and shall participate in its meetings without the right to vote.
Section 8 - President and Staff
(a) The Governing Council shall appoint the President by a two-thirds majority of the total number of votes. He shall be appointed for a term of four years and shall be eligible for reappointment for only one further term. The appointment of the President may be terminated by the Governing Council by a two-thirds majority of the total number of votes.
(b) Notwithstanding the restriction on the term of office of the President of four years, contained in paragraph (a) of this Section, the Governing Council may, under special circumstances, on the recommendation of the Executive Board, extend the term of office of the President beyond the duration prescribed in paragraph (a) above. Any such extension shall be for no more than six months.
(c) The President may appoint a Vice-President, who shall perform such duties as shall be assigned to him by the President.
(d) The President shall head the staff and, under the control and direction of the Governing Council and the Executive Board, shall be responsible for conducting the business of the Fund. The President shall organize the staff and shall appoint and dismiss members of the staff in accord- ance with regulations adopted by the Executive Board.
(e) In the employment of the staff and in the determination of the conditions of service, considera- tion shall be given to the necessity of securing the highest standards of efficiency, competence and integrity as well as to the importance of observing the criterion of equitable geographical distribution.
(f) The President and the staff, in the discharge of their functions, owe their duty exclusively to the Fund and shall neither seek nor receive instructions in regard to the discharge thereof from any authority external to the Fund. Each Member of the Fund shall respect the international character of this duty and shall refrain from any attempt to influence them in the discharge of their duties.
(g) The President and the staff shall not interfere in the political affairs of any Member. Only develop- ment policy considerations shall be relevant to their decisions and these considerations shall be weighed impartially in order to achieve the objective for which the Fund was established.
(h) The President shall be the legal representative of the Fund.
(i) The President, or a representative designated by him, may participate, without the right to vote, in all meetings of the Governing Council.
Section 9 - Seat of the Fund
The Governing Council shall determine the permanent seat of the Fund by a two-thirds majority of the total number of votes. The provisional seat of the Fund shall be in Rome.
Section 10 - Administrative Budget
The President shall prepare an annual administrative budget which he shall submit to the Executive Board for transmission to the Governing Council for approval by a two-thirds majority of the total number of votes.
Section 11 - Publication of Reports and Provision of Information
The Fund shall publish an annual report containing an audited statement of its accounts and, at appropriate intervals, a summary statement of its financial position and of the results of its opera- tions. Copies of such reports, statements and other publications connected therewith shall be distri- buted to all Members.
ArOPtERiATcIONS lSeection 17- Use of Resources and Conditions of Financing
(a) The resources of the Fund shall be used to achieve the objective specified in Article 2.
(b) Financing by the Fund shall be provided only to developing States that are Members of the Fund or to intergovernmental organizations in which such Members participate. In the case of a loan to an intergovernmental organization, the Fund may require suitable governmental or other guarantees.
(c) The Fund shall make arrangements to ensure that the proceeds of any financing are used only for the purposes for which the financing was provided, with due attention to considerations of economy, efficiency and social equity.
(d) In allocating its resources the Fund shall be guided by the following priorities:
(i) the need to increase food production and to improve the nutritional level of the poorest populations in the poorest food deficit countries;
(ii) the potential for increasing food production in other developing countries. Likewise, emphasis shall be placed on improving the nutritional level of the poorest populations in these countries and the conditions of their lives.
Within the framework of the above-mentioned priorities, eligibility for assistance shall be on the basis of objective economic and social criteria with special emphasis on the needs of the low income countries and their potential for increasing food production, as well as due regard to a fair geographic distribution in the use of such resources.
(e) Subject to the provisions of this Agreement, financing by the Fund shall be governed by broad policies, criteria and regulations laid down, from time to time, by the Governing Council by a two-thirds majority of the total number of votes.
Section 2 - Forms and Terms of Financing
(a) Financing by the Fund shall take the form of loans, grants and a debt sustainability mechanism, which shall be provided on such terms as the Fund deems appropriate, having regard to the eco- nomic situation and prospects of the Member and to the nature and requirements of the activity concerned. The Fund may also provide additional financing for the design and implementation of projects and programmes, financed by the Fund through loans, grants and debt sustainability mechanisms, as the Executive Board shall decide.
(b) The proportion of the Fund’s resources to be committed in any financial year for financing opera- tions in any of the forms referred to in subsection (a) shall be decided from time to time by the Executive Board with due regard to the long-term viability of the Fund and the need for con- tinuity in its operations. The proportion of grants shall not normally exceed one-eighth of the resources committed in any financial year. A debt sustainability mechanism and the procedures and modalities therefor shall be established by the Executive Board and financing provided the- reunder shall not fall within the above-mentioned grant ceiling. A large proportion of the loans shall be provided on highly concessional terms.
(c) The President shall submit projects and programmes to the Executive Board for consideration and approval.
(d) Decisions with regard to the selection and approval of projects and programmes shall be made by the Executive Board. Such decisions shall be made on the basis of the broad policies, criteria and regulations established by the Governing Council.
(e) For the appraisal of projects and programmes presented to it for financing, the Fund shall, as a general rule, use the services of international institutions and may, where appropriate, use the services of other competent agencies specialized in this field. Such institutions and agencies shall be selected by the Executive Board after consultation with the recipient concerned and shall be directly responsible to the Fund in performing the appraisal.
(f) The loan agreement shall be concluded in each case by the Fund and the recipient, which shall be responsible for the execution of the project or programme concerned.
(g) Except as the Executive Board shall otherwise decide, the Fund shall entrust the administration of loans, for the purposes of the disbursement of the proceeds of the loan and the supervision of the implementation of the project or programme concerned, to competent national, regional, international or other institutions or entities. Such institutions or entities shall be of a world- wide, regional or national character and shall be selected in each case with the approval of the recipient. Before submitting the loan to the Executive Board for approval, the Fund shall assure itself that the institution or entity to be entrusted with the supervision agrees with the results of the appraisal of the project or programme concerned. This shall be arranged between the Fund and the institution or agency in charge of the appraisal, as well as with the institution or entity to be entrusted with the supervision.
(h) For the purposes of subsections (f) and (g) above, reference to “loans” shall be deemed to include “grants”.
(i) The Fund may extend a line of credit to a national development agency to provide and admini- ster subloans for the financing of projects and programmes within the terms of the loan agree- ment and the framework agreed to by the Fund. Before the Executive Board approves the exten- sion of such a line of credit, the national development agency concerned and its programme shall be appraised in accordance with the provisions of subsection (e). Implementation of the said programme shall be subject to supervision by the institutions selected in accordance with the provisions of subsection (g).
(j) The Executive Board shall adopt suitable regulations for procuring goods and services to be financed from the resources of the Fund. Such regulations shall, as a general rule, conform to the principles of international competitive bidding and shall give appropriate preference to experts, technicians and supplies from developing countries.
Section 3 - Miscellaneous Operations
In addition to the operations specified elsewhere in this Agreement, the Fund may undertake such ancillary activities and exercise such powers incidental to its operations as shall be necessary in furtherance of its objective.
ARrELATtIONiS WcITH lSeection 18- Relations with the United Nations
THE UNITED NATIONS AND WITH OTHER ORGANIZATIONS, INSTITUTIONS AND
The Fund shall enter into negotiations with the United Nations with a view to concluding an agree- ment to bring it into relationship with the United Nations as one of the specialized agencies referred to in Article 57 of the Charter of the United Nations. Any agreements concluded in accordance with Article 63 of the Charter shall require the approval of the Governing Council, by a two-thirds majority of the total number of votes, upon the recommendation of the Executive Board.
Section 2 - Relations with other Organizations, Institutions and Agencies
The Fund shall cooperate closely with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and other organizations of the United Nations system. It shall also cooperate closely with other inter- governmental organizations, international financial institutions, non-governmental organizations and governmental agencies concerned with agricultural development. To this end, the Fund will seek the collaboration in its activities of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the other bodies referred to above, and may enter into agreements or establish working arrangements with such bodies, as may be decided by the Executive Board.
ArWITtHDRiAcWAL, lSeection 19- Withdrawal
SUSPENSION OF MEMBERSHIP, TERMINATION OF OPERATIONS
(a) Except as provided in Section 4(a) of this Article, a Member may withdraw from the Fund by depositing an instrument of denunciation of this Agreement with the Depository.
(b) Withdrawal of a Member shall take effect on the date specified in its instrument of denunciation, but in no event less than six months after deposit of such instrument.
Section 2 - Suspension of Membership
(a) If a Member fails to fulfil any of its obligations to the Fund, the Governing Council may, by a three-fourths majority of the total number of votes, suspend its membership. The Member so suspended shall automatically cease to be a Member one year from the date of its suspension, unless the Council decides by the same majority of the total number of votes to restore the Member to good standing.
(b) While under suspension, a Member shall not be entitled to exercise any rights under this Agreement except the right of withdrawal, but shall remain subject to all of its obligations.
Section 3 - Rights and Duties of States Ceasing to be Members
Whenever a State ceases to be a Member, whether by withdrawal or through the operation of Section 2 of this Article, it shall have no rights under this Agreement except as provided in this Section or in Section 2 of Article 11, but it shall remain liable for all financial obligations undertaken by it to the Fund, whether as Member, borrower or otherwise.
Section 4 - Termination of Operations and Distribution of Assets
(a) The Governing Council may terminate the Fund’s operations by a three-fourths majority of the total number of votes. After such termination of operations the Fund shall forthwith cease all activities, except those incidental to the orderly realization and conservation of its assets and the settlement of its obligations. Until final settlement of such obligations and the distribution of such assets, the Fund shall remain in existence and all rights and obligations of the Fund and its Members under this Agreement shall continue unimpaired, except that no Member may be suspended or may withdraw.
(b) No distribution of assets shall be made to Members until all liabilities to creditors have been discharged or provided for. The Fund shall distribute its assets to contributing Members pro rata to the contributions that each Member has made to the resources of the Fund. Such distribution shall be decided by the Governing Council by a three-fourths majority of the total number of votes and shall be effected at such times, and in such currencies or other assets as the Governing Council shall deem fair and equitable.
ArLEGAtL SiTAcTUS, lSeection 11- Leg0al Status
PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES
The Fund shall possess international legal personality.
Section 2 - Privileges and Immunities
(a) The Fund shall enjoy in the territory of each of its Members such privileges and immunities as are necessary for the exercise of its functions and for the fulfilment of its objective. Representatives of Members, the President and the staff of the Fund shall enjoy such privileges and immunities as are necessary for the independent exercise of their functions in connection with the Fund.
(b) The privileges and immunities referred to in paragraph (a) shall:
(i) in the territory of any Member that has acceded to the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the Specialized Agencies in respect of the Fund, be as defined in the standard clauses of that Convention as modified by an annex thereto approved by the Governing Council;
(ii) in the territory of any Member that has acceded to the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the Specialized Agencies only in respect of agencies other than the Fund, be as defined in the standard clauses of that Convention, except if such Member notifies the Depositary that such clauses shall not apply to the Fund or shall apply subject to such modifi- cations as may be specified in the notification;
(iii) be as defined in other agreements entered into by the Fund.
(c) In respect of a Member that is a grouping of States, it shall ensure that the privileges and immuni- ties referred to in this Article are applied in the territories of all members of the grouping.
AINrTERPtREiTAcTION lSeection 11- In1terpretation
(a) Any question of interpretation or application of the provisions of this Agreement arising between any Member and the Fund or between Members of the Fund, shall be submitted to the Executive Board for decision. If the question particularly affects any Member of the Fund not represented on the Executive Board, that Member shall be entitled to be represented in accordance with regulations to be adopted by the Governing Council.
(b) Where the Executive Board has given a decision pursuant to subsection (a), any Member may require that the question be referred to the Governing Council, whose decision shall be final. Pending the decision of the Governing Council, the Fund may, so far as it deems necessary, act on the basis of the decision of the Executive Board.
Section 2 - Arbitration
In the case of a dispute between the Fund and a State that has ceased to be a Member, or between the Fund and any Member upon the termination of the operations of the Fund, such dispute shall be submitted to arbitration by a tribunal of three arbitrators. One of the arbitrators shall be appointed by the Fund, another by the Member or former Member concerned and the two parties shall appoint the third arbitrator, who shall be the Chairman. If within 45 days of receipt of the request for arbitra- tion, either party has not appointed an arbitrator, or if within 30 days of the appointment of two arbitrators, the third arbitrator has not been appointed, either party may request the President of the International Court of Justice, or such other authority as may have been prescribed by regulations adopted by the Governing Council, to appoint an arbitrator. The procedure of the arbitration shall be fixed by the arbitrators, but the Chairman shall have full power to settle all questions of procedure in any case of disagreement with respect thereto. A majority vote of the arbitrators shall be sufficient to reach a decision, which shall be final and binding upon the parties.
ArAMEtNDiMEcNTS l(ae) Except i1n respe2ct of Schedule II:
(i) Any proposal to amend this Agreement made by a Member or by the Executive Board shall
be communicated to the President who shall notify all Members. The President shall refer proposals to amend this Agreement made by a Member to the Executive Board, which shall submit its recommendations thereon to the Governing Council.
(ii) Amendments shall be adopted by the Governing Council by a four-fifths majority of the total number of votes. Amendments shall enter into force three months after their adoption unless otherwise specified by the Governing Council, except that any amendment modifying:
(A) the right to withdraw from the Fund;
(B) the voting majority requirements provided for in this Agreement;
(C) the limitation on liability provided for in Section 3 of Article 3;
(D) the procedure for amending this Agreement;
shall not come into force until written acceptance of such amendment by all Members is received by the President.
(b) In respect of the several parts of Schedule II, amendments shall be proposed and adopted as provided in such parts.
(c) The President shall immediately notify all Members and the Depositary of any amendments that are adopted and of the date of entry into force of any such amendments.
AFrINAtL CLiAUcSES lSeection 11- Sig3nature, Ratification, Acceptance, Approval and Accession
(a) This Agreement may be initialled on behalf of the States listed in Schedule I to this Agreement at
the United Nations Conference on the Establishment of the Fund and shall be open for signature at the Headquarters of the United Nations in New York by the States listed in that Schedule as soon as the initial contributions indicated therein to be made in freely convertible currencies amount to at least the equivalent of 1 000 million United States dollars (valued as of 10 June 1976). If the foregoing requirement has not been fulfilled by 30 September 1976 the Preparatory Commission established by that Conference shall convene by 31 January 1977 a meeting of the States listed in Schedule I, which may by a two-thirds majority of each category reduce the above specified amount and may also establish other conditions for the opening of this Agreement for signature.
(b) Signatory States may become parties by depositing an instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval; non-signatory States listed in Schedule I may become parties by depositing an instrum- ent of accession. Instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval and accession by States in Category I or II shall specify the amount of the initial contribution the State undertakes to make. Signatures may be affixed and instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession deposited by such States until one year after the entry into force of this Agreement.
(c) States listed in Schedule I that have not become parties to this Agreement within one year after its entry into force and States that are not so listed, may, after approval of their membership by the Governing Council, become parties by depositing an instrument of accession.
Section 2 - Depositary
(a) The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall be the Depositary of this Agreement.
(b) The Depositary shall send notifications concerning this Agreement:
(i) until one year after its entry into force, to the States listed in Schedule I to this Agreement, and after such entry into force to all States parties to this Agreement as well as to those approved for membership by the Governing Council;
(ii) to the Preparatory Commission established by the United Nations Conference on the Establishment of the Fund, as long as it remains in existence, and thereafter to the President.
Section 3 - Entry into Force
(a) This Agreement shall enter into force upon receipt by the Depositary of instruments of ratifiction, acceptance, approval or accession from at least 6 States in Category I, 6 States in Category II and 24 States in Category III, provided that such instruments have been deposited by States in Categories I and II the aggregate of whose initial contributions specified in such instruments amounts to at least the equivalent of 750 million United States dollars (valued as of 10 June 1976), and further provided that the foregoing requirements have been fulfilled within 18 months of the date on which this Agreement is opened for signature or by such later date as the States that have deposited such instruments by the end of that period may decide, by a two-thirds majority of each category, and as they notify to the Depositary.
(b) For States that deposit an instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession subse- quent to the entry into force of this Agreement, it shall enter into force on the date of such deposit.
(c) The obligations accepted by original and non-original Members under this Agreement prior to 26 January 1995 shall remain unimpaired and shall be the continuing obligations of each Member to the Fund.
(d) References throughout this Agreement to categories or to Categories I, II and III shall be deemed to refer to the categories of Members prevailing prior to 26 January 1995, as set out in Schedule III hereto, which forms an integral part of this Agreement.
Section 4 - Reservations
Reservations may only be made to Section 2 of Article 11 of this Agreement.
Section 5 - Authoritative Texts
The versions of this Agreement in the Arabic, English, French and Spanish languages shall each be equally authoritative.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned being duly authorized thereto, have signed this Agreement in a single original in the Arabic, English, French and Spanish languages.
dCateguory I leCatIegory II Category III
STATES ELIGIBLE FOR ORIGINAL MEMBERSHIP
Australia Austria Belgium Canada Denmark Finland France Germany Ireland Italy
Luxembourg Japan Netherlands New Zealand Norway Spain Sweden Switzerland
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
United States of America
Algeria Gabon Indonesia Iran
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Nigeria
United Arab Emirates Venezuela
Argentina Bangladesh Bolivia Botswana Brazil Cameroon Cape Verde Chad
Chile Colombia Congo Costa Rica Cuba
Dominican Republic Ecuador
El Salvador Ethiopia Ghana Greece Guatemala Guinea Haiti Honduras India
Israel 1 Jamaica Kenya Liberia Mali Malta
Mexico Morocco Nicaragua Pakistan Panama
Papua New Guinea Peru
Republic of Korea Romania
Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia
Sri Lanka Sudan Swaziland
Syrian Arab Republic Thailand
Tunisia Turkey Uganda
United Republic of Tanzania
Uruguay Yugoslavia Zaire Zambia
1 With reference to Article 7, Section 1(b), on the use of resources of the Fund for “developing countries”, this country will not be included under this Section and will not seek or receive financing from the Fund.
PART II PLEDGES OF INITIAL CONTRIBUTIONS 2
State Category I
Currency Unit Amount in Currency Equivalent in SDRs 3
Australia Austria Belgium
Canada Denmark Finland France Germany Ireland Italy Japan
New Zealand Norway
Australian dollar US dollar Belgian franc US dollar Canadian dollar US dollar Finnish markka US dollar
US dollar Pound sterling US dollar
Special Drawing Right Dutch guilder
New Zealand dollar Norwegian kroner US dollar
8 000 000 a
4 800 000 a
500 000 000 a
1 000 000 a
33 000 000 a
7 500 000 a
12 000 000 a
25 000 000
55 000 000 a/b
570 000 a
25 000 000 a
55 000 000 a
320 000 a
100 000 000
3 000 000
2 000 000 a
75 000 000 a
9 981 851 a
2 000 000 c
8 609 840
4 197 864
11 930 855
29 497 446
6 559 163
2 692 320
21 863 875
48 100 525
21 863 875
48 100 525
34 594 265
1 721 998
20 612 228
1 749 110
Swedish kroner 100 000 000
3 000 000
22 325 265
22 000 000 a
7 720 790
18 000 000
27 894 780
200 000 000
174 911 000
496 149 059
10 000 000
8 745 550
1 250 000
1 093 194
124 750 000
109 100 736
20 000 000
17 491 100
36 000 000
31 483 980
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
20 000 000
17 491 100
26 000 000
22 738 430
9 000 000
7 870 995
105 500 000
92 265 553
United Arab Emirates
16 500 000
14 430 158
66 000 000
57 720 630
380 868 704
2 Subject to obtaining, where required, the necessary legislative approval.
3 Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) of the International Monetary Fund valued as of 10 June 1976. These equiva- lent values are stated merely for information in the light of Section 2(a) of Article 5 of the Agreement, with the understanding that the initial contributions pledged will be payable in accordance with Section 2(a) of Article 4 of the Agreement in the amount and currency specified by the State concerned.
a Payable in three instalments.
b This amount includes an additional pledge of USD 3 million, which was made subject to the necessary budget- ary arrangements in the fiscal year 1977.
c Payable in two instalments.
Currency Unit Amount in Currency Equivalent in SDRs 3
Not Freely Convertible
240 000 000
1 499 237
Taka (equivalent of US dollar)
Egyptian pound (equivalent
of US dollar)
25 000 000
1 012 145
2 500 000
2 186 388
Indian rupee (equivalent
2 500 000
2 186 388
of US dollar)
Israel pound (equivalent
of US dollar)
Kenya shilling (equivalent
1 000 000
of US dollar)
5 000 000
4 372 775
Pakistan rupee (equivalent
of US dollar)
US dollar f
Republic of Korea
Won (equivalent of US dollar)
Lei (equivalent of US dollar)
1 000 000
Sri Lanka rupee (equivalent
of US dollar)
Syrian Arab Republic
Turkish lira (equivalent
of US dollar)
Yugoslav dinar (equivalent
of US dollar)
7 836 017
9 068 763
Total freely convertible
Grand total (freely and not freely convertible)
884 853 780*
893 922 543
d To be spent within the territory of Argentina for goods or services required by the Fund. e Usable for technical assistance.
f USD 200 000 of this pledge was stated to be subject to confirmation, including the terms of payment and the type of currency. This amount has consequently been entered in the “not freely convertible” column.
* Equivalent of USD 1 011 776 023 valued as of 10 June 1976.
DISTRIBUTION OF VOTES AND ELECTION
1. The Governing Council, in accordance with the procedures specified in paragraph 29 of this Schedule, shall decide, from time to time, the distribution of seats and alternate seats among the Members of the Fund, taking into account: (i) the need to strengthen and safeguard the mobiliza- tion of resources for the Fund; (ii) the equitable geographic distribution of the said seats; and
(iii) the role of developing Member Countries in the governance of the Fund.
2. Distribution of Votes in the Executive Board. Each member of the Executive Board shall be entitled to cast the votes of all of the Members that it represents. Where the member represents more than one Member, it may cast separately the votes of the Members that it represents.
3. (a) Lists of Member Countries. The Member Countries shall be divided, form time to time, into Lists A, B and C for the purposes of this Schedule. Upon joining the Fund, a new Member shall decide on which List it wishes to be placed and, after consultation with the Members of that List, shall provide appropriate notification thereof to the President of the Fund in writing. A Member may, at the time of each election for the members and alternate members representing the List of Member Countries to which it belongs, decide to withdraw from one List of Member Countries and place itself upon another List of Member Countries, with the approval of the Members therein. In such event, the concerned Member shall inform the President of the Fund in writing of such change, who shall, from time to time, inform all Members of the composition of all the Lists of Member Countries.
(b) Distribution of Seats in the Executive Board. The eighteen (18) members and up to eighteen (18) alternate members of the Executive Board shall be elected or appointed from the Members of the Fund and of whom:
(i) eight (8) members and up to eight (8) alternate members shall be elected or appointed from among those Members set forth in the List A of Member Countries, to be estab- lished from time to time;
(ii) four (4) members and four (4) alternate members shall be elected or appointed from among those Members set forth in the List B of Member Countries, to be established from time to time; and
(iii) six (6) members and six (6) alternate members shall be elected or appointed from among those Members set forth in the List C of Member Countries, to be established from time to time.
4. Procedures for the Election of Executive Board Members. The procedures that shall apply for the election or appointment of members and alternate members to vacant seats on the Executive Board shall be those set forth below for the respective Members of each List of Member Countries.
A. ELECTION OF MEMBERS OF THE EXECUTIVE BOARD
AND THEIR ALTERNATES
Part I - List A Member Countries
5. All of the members and alternate members of the Executive Board from List A of Member Countries shall serve for a term of three years.
6. List A Member Countries shall form constituencies and, on the basis of procedures agreed by the List A Member Countries and its constituencies, shall appoint eight members to the Executive Board and shall also appoint up to eight alternates.
7. Amendments. The Governors representing List A Member Countries may by a unanimous decision amend the provisions of Part I of this Schedule (paragraphs 5 to 6). Unless otherwise decided, the amendment shall have immediate effect. The President of the Fund shall be informed of any amendment to Part I of this Schedule.
Part II - List B Member Countries
8. All of the members and alternate members of the Executive Board from List B of Member Countries shall serve for a term of three years.
9. The Members of List B shall form themselves into a number of constituencies equal to the number of seats allocated to the List, with each constituency represented by one member and one alternate member in the Executive Board. The President of the Fund shall be informed of the composition of each constituency and any changes thereto that may be made by the Members of List B from time to time.
10. The Members of List B shall decide on the procedures that shall apply for the election or appointment of members and alternate members to vacant seats on the Executive Board and shall provide a copy thereof to the President of the Fund.
11. Amendments. The provisions of Part II of this Schedule (paragraphs 8 to 10) may be amended by a vote of the Governors representing two-thirds of the List B Member Countries whose contri- butions (made in accordance with Section 5(c) of Article 4) amount to seventy per cent (70%) of the contributions of all List B Member Countries. The President of the Fund shall be informed of any amendments to Part II of this Schedule.
Part III - List C Member Countries
12. All the members and alternate members of the Executive Board from List C of Member Countries shall serve for a term of three years.
13. Except as decided otherwise by the Member Countries of List C, of the six (6) members and six (6) alternate members of the Executive Board elected or appointed from among the List C Member Countries, two (2) members and two (2) alternate members shall be from each of the following regions, as these are set forth in each of the sub-Lists of List C Member Countries:
Africa (sub-List C1);
Europe, Asia and the Pacific (sub-List C2); and Latin America and the Caribbean (sub-List C3).
14. (a) In accordance with the provisions contained in paragraphs 1 and 27 of this Schedule, the Member Countries of List C shall elect from the countries of its sub-List two members and two alternate members to represent the interests of the whole of the said sub-List, including at least one member or one alternate member from among the Member Countries in that sub-List making the highest substantial contributions to the resources of the Fund.
(b) The Members of List C may review at any time but not later than the Sixth Replenishment of the Fund’s Resources, the provisions of sub-paragraph (a) above, taking into account the experi- ence of each sub-List in the implementation of the said sub-paragraph and, if necessary, amended keeping in view the relevant principles contained in Resolution 86/XVIII of the Governing Council.
15. Balloting shall first take place for all members to be elected from each sub-List for which there is a vacancy and for which countries from each sub-List shall nominate candidates. Balloting for each seat shall take place among the Members of the List C.
16. After all members have been elected, balloting shall take place for electing alternate members in the same orders indicated in paragraph 15 above.
17. Election shall require a simple majority of the valid votes cast, not counting abstentions.
18. If no candidate obtains in the first ballot the majority specified in paragraph 17 above, successive ballots shall be held, from each of which that candidate shall be eliminated who receives the lowest number of votes in the previous ballot.
19. In case of a tied vote, the ballot shall, if necessary, be repeated and, if the tie persists in that bal- lot and on one subsequent one, a decision shall be taken by drawing lots.
20. If at any stage there is only one candidate for a vacancy, he may be declared elected without a ballot, if no Governor objects.
21. Meetings of the List C Member Countries for electing or appointing members and alternate members of the Executive Board shall be held in private. The Members of the List C shall appoint by consensus a Chairman for these meetings.
22. The Members of each sub-List shall appoint by consensus, the Chairman of the respective sub-List meeting.
23. The names of the members and alternate members elected shall be furnished to the President of the Fund along with the term of office of each member and alternate member and the list of principals and alternates.
Casting of Votes in the Executive Board
24. For the purpose of casting votes in the Executive Board, the total number of votes of the coun- tries of each sub-List shall be divided equally between the members of the sub-List concerned.
25. Part III of this Schedule (paragraphs 12 to 24) may be amended from time to time by a two-thirds majority of the List C Member Countries. The President of the Fund shall be informed of any amendments to Part III of this Schedule.
B. GENERAL PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO LIST A, B, AND C
26. The names of the members and alternate members elected or appointed by Lists A, B and C of Member Countries, respectively, shall be furnished to the President of the Fund.
27. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in paragraphs 5 to 25 above, at the time of each elect- ion, the Members of a List of Member Countries or the members of a constituency within a List may decide to appoint a specified number of Members making the highest substantial contribu- tion to the Fund from that List as a member or alternate member of the Executive Board for that List of Member Countries in order to encourage Members to contribute to the resources of the Fund. In such event, the result of that decision shall be notified in writing to the President of the Fund.
28. Once a new Member Country had joined a List of Member Countries, its Governor may designate an existing member of the Executive Board for that List of Member Countries to represent it and cast its votes until the next election of members of the Executive Board for that List. During such period, a member so designated shall be deemed to have been elected or appointed by the Governor which so designated it and the Member Country shall be deemed to have joined that member’s constituency.
29. Amendments to Paragraphs 1 to 4, 7, 11 and 25 to 29. The procedures set forth in para- graphs 1 to 4, 7, 11 and 25 to 29 inclusive herein may be amended from time to time by a two- thirds majority of the total votes of the Governing Council. Unless otherwise decided, any amendment of paragraphs 1 to 4, 7, 11 and 25 to 29 inclusive shall take effect immediately upon adoption thereof.
DISTRIBUTION OF MEMBER STATES AMONG CATEGORIES
AS AT 26 JANUARY 1995
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
United Arab Emirates
Sao Tome and Principe
Antigua and Barbuda
Bosnia and Herzegovina
The Former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia
Trinidad and Tobago
Central African Republic
Papua New Guinea
Republic of Korea
Saint Christopher and Nevis
Saint Vincent and
1 In the early 1990s the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY), an original member of the Fund, made up of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia, began to disintegrate. In June 1991 Croatia and Slovenia both declared independence, followed by Macedonia in September 1991 and Bosnia and Herzegovina in March 1992. In 1994 Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia were admitted as members to the Fund.
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