AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA CONCERNING THE PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF INVESTMENTS
The Government of the Islamic Republic or Pakistan and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia (hereinafter referred to as "Contracting Parties");
Bearing in mind the friendly and cooperative relation existing between the two countries and their peoples;
Intending to create favourable conditions for investments by nationals of one Contracting Party on the basis of sovereign equality and mutual benefit; and
Rcognizing that the Agreement on the Promotion and Protection of such Investment will be conductive to the stimulation of investment activities in both countries;
Have agreed as follows:
Article I. Definitions
For the purpose of this Agreement:
1. The term "investment" shall mean any kind of assets invested by nationals of one Contracting Party in the territory of the other Contracting Party, in conformity with the laws and regulations of the latter, including but not exclusively: a. Movable and immovable property as well as other rights such as mortgages, privileges, and guarantees and any other similar rights;
b. Rights derived from shares, bonds or any other form of interest in companies or joint venture in the territory of the other Contracting Party;
c. Claims to money on to any performance having a financial value;
d. Intellectual property rights, technical processes, goodwill and known-how;
e. Business concessions conferred by law or under contract related to investment including concessions to search for or exploit natural resources.
2. The term "nationals" shall comprise with regard to either Contracting Party; (i) Natural persons having the nationality of that Contracting Party;
(ii) Legal persons constituted under the law of that Contracting Party;
3. The term "without delay" shall be deemed to be fulfilled if a transfer is made within such period as is normally required by international financial practices.
4. "Territory" shall mean: a. In respect of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan:
The territory of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan as defined in its laws and parts of the continental shelf and adjacent seas over which the Islamic Republic of Pakistan has sovereignty, sovereign rights or jurisdiction in accordance with international law.
b. In respect of the Republic of Indonesia:
The territory of the Republic of Indonesia as defined in its laws and parts of the continental shelf and adjacent seas over which the Republic of Indonesia has sovereignty, sovereign rights or jurisdiction in accordance with international law.
Article II. Promotion and Protection of Investments
1. Either Contracting Party shall encourage and create favourable conditions for nationals of the other Contracting Party to invest in its territory and shall admit such capital in accordance with its laws and regulations.
2. Investments of nationals of either Contracting Party shall at all times be accorded fair and equitable treatment and shall enjoy adequate protection and security in the territory of the other Contracting Party.
Article III. Most-favoured-nation Provisions
1. Each Contracting Party shall ensure fair and conitable treatment of the investments of nationals of the other Contracting Party and shall not impair by unreasonable or discriminatory measures, the operation, management, maintenance, use, enjoyment or disposal thereof by those nationals. Each Contracting Party shall accord to such investment adequate physical security and protection.
2. More particularly, each Contracting Party shall accord to such investments treatment which in any case shall not be less favourable than that accorded to investments of nationals of any third State.
3. If a Contracting Party has accorded special advantages to nationals of any third State by virtue of agreements establishing customs unions, economic unions, monetary unions or similar institutions, or on the basis of interim agreements leading to such unions of institutions, that Contracting Party shall not be obliged to accord such advantages to nationals of the other Contracting Party.
Article IV. Expropriation
Each Contracting Party shall not take any measures of expropriation, nationalization or any other dispossession, having effect equivalent to nationalization or expropriation against the investments of a national of the other Contracting Party except under the following conditions:
(a) The measures are taken for a lawful purpose or public purpose and under process of law;
(b) The measures are non discriminatory;
(c) The measures are accompanied by provisions for the payment of prompt, adequate and effective compensation. Such compensation shall amount to the fair market value without delay before the measure of dispossession became public knowledge. Such market value shall be determined in accordance with internationally acknowledged practices and methods or, where such fair market value cannot be determined, it shall be such reasonable amount as may be mutually agreed between the Contracting Parties hereto and it shall be freely transferable in freely usable currencies from the Contracting Party.
Article V. Compensation for Losses
1. Nationals of one Contracting Party, whose investments in the territory of the other Contracting Party suffer losses owing to war or other armed conflict, revolution, a state of national emergency, revolt, insurrection or riot in the territory of the latter Contracting Party, shall be accorded by the latter Contracting Party treatment, as regards restitutions, indemnification, compensation or other settlement.
2. The treatment shall not be less favourable than that which the latter Contracting Party accords to its own nationals or nationals of any third State, whichever is more favourable to the nationals concerned.
Article VI. Transfer
1. Either Contracting Party shall guarantee within the scope of its laws and regulations in respect to investments by nationals of the other Contracting Party grant to those nationals without delay, the transfer of: a. Profits, interests, dividends and other current income;
b. Funds necessary (i) For the acquisition of raw or auxiliary materials, semi fabricated or finished products, or
(ii) To replace capital assets in order to safeguard the continuity of an investment;
c. Additional funds necessary for the development of an investment;
d. Funds in repayment of loans;
e. Royalties or fees;
f. Earnings of natural persons;
g. The proceeds of sale or liquidation of the investment;
h. Compensation for losses;
i. Compensation for expropriation.
2. Such transfer shall be made at the prevailing rate of exchange on the date of transfer with respect to current transaction in the currency to be transferred.
Article VII. Subrogation
The investments of a national of the one Contracting Party are insured against non-commercial risks under a system established by law, any subrogation of the insurer or re-insurer to the rights of the said national pursuant to the terms of such insurance shall be recognized by the other Contracting Party, provided, however, that the insurer or the re-insurer shall not be entitled to exercise any rights other than the rights which the national would have been entitled to exercise.
Article VIII. Settlement of Disputes between Nationals and the Contracting Party
Any dispute between a Contracting Party and a national of the other Contracting Party, concerning an investment of the latter in the territory of the former, be settled amicably through consultations and negotiations.
If such a dispute cannot be settled within a period of six months from the date of a written notification either party requested amicable settlement, the dispute shall, at the request of the national concerned, be submitted either to the judicial procedures provided by the Contracting Party concerned or to international arbitration or conciliation.
Each Contracting Party hereby consents to submit any dispute arising between that Contracting Party and a national of the other Contracting Party concerning an investment of that national in the territory of the former Contracting Party to the International Center for Settlement of investment Disputes for settlement by conciliation or arbitration under the Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of other States opened for signature at Washington D.C., on 18 March 1965.
Article IX. Settlement of Disputes between the Contracting Parties Concerning Interpretation and Application of the Agreement
Disputes between the Contracting Parties concerning the interpretation or application of this Agreement should, if possible, be settled through diplomatic channels.
Article X. Applicability of this Agreement
This Agreement shall apply to investments by nationals of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan in the territory of the Republic of Indonesia which have been granted admission in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Indonesia No 1 of 1967 concerning Foreign Investment and any law amending or replacing it, and to investments by nationals of the Republic of Indonesia in the territory of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan which have been previously granted admission in accordance with its Laws and regulations.
Article XI. Application of other Provisions
If the provisions of law of either Contracting Party or obligations under international law existing at present or established hereafter between the Contracting Parties in addition to the present Agreement contain a regulation, either general or specific, entitling investments by nationals of the other Contracting Party to a treatment more favourable than is provided for by the present Agreement, such regulation shall to the extent that it is more favourable prevail over the present Agreement.
Article XII. Consultation and Amendment
Either Contracting Party may request that consultations be held on any matter concerning this Agreement. The other Party shall accord sympathetic consideration to the proposal and shall afford adequate opportunity for such consultations.
This Agreement may be amended at any time, if deemed necessary by mutual consent.
Article XIII. Entry Into Force, Duration and Termination
1. The present Agreement shall enter into force three months after the date of the latest notification by any Contracting Party of the accomplishment of all internal procedures of ratification. It shall remain in force for a period of ten years and shall continue in force thereafter for another period of ten years and so forth unless denounced in writing by either Contracting Party one year before its expiration.
2. In respect of investments made prior to the date of termination of this Agreement becomes effective, the provisions of Article I to XII shall remain in force for a further period of ten years from the date of termination of the present Agreement.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned, duly authorized thereto by their respective Governments, have signed this Agreement.
Done in duplicate at Jakarta on 8th March 1996, in Indonesian, and English languages.
All texts are equally authentic. If there is any divergence concerning the interpretation, the English text shall prevail. FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN
SHAHID HASAN KHAN
Special Assistant to Prime Minister for Economic Sector FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA ALI ALATAS
Minister for Foreign Affairs