Debenture

10% Debenture Due March 19, 2009

by Arkanova Energy Corp.
March 26th, 2008
Exhibit 4.1
 
 
 EXHIBIT A

THESE SECURITIES HAVE NOT BEEN REGISTERED WITH THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION OR THE SECURITIES COMMISSION OF ANY STATE IN RELIANCE UPON AN EXEMPTION FROM REGISTRATION UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED (THE “SECURITIES ACT”), AND, ACCORDINGLY, MAY NOT BE OFFERED OR SOLD EXCEPT PURSUANT TO AN EFFECTIVE REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OR PURSUANT TO AN AVAILABLE EXEMPTION FROM, OR IN A TRANSACTION NOT SUBJECT TO, THE REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS OF THE SECURITIES ACT AND IN ACCORDANCE WITH APPLICABLE STATE SECURITIES LAWS AS EVIDENCED BY A LEGAL OPINION OF COUNSEL TO THE TRANSFEROR TO SUCH EFFECT, THE SUBSTANCE OF WHICH SHALL BE REASONABLY ACCEPTABLE TO THE COMPANY.  THESE SECURITIES AND THE SECURITIES ISSUABLE UPON CONVERSION OF THESE SECURITIES MAY BE PLEDGED IN CONNECTION WITH A BONA FIDE MARGIN ACCOUNT OR OTHER LOAN SECURED BY SUCH SECURITIES.

Original Issue Date: March 19, 2008

$500,000


DUE MARCH 19, 2009

THIS DEBENTURE of Arkanova Energy Corp., a Nevada corporation, having a principal place of business at 21 Waterway Avenue, Suite 300, The Woodlands, Texas 77380 (the “Company”), designated as its 10% Debenture, due March 19, 2009 (the “Debenture”).

FOR VALUE RECEIVED, the Company promises to pay to John Thomas Bridge & Opportunity Fund or its registered assigns (the “Holder”), the principal sum of $500,000 on the earlier of (i) March 19, 2009, (ii) upon a Change of Control (at the option of the Holder), or (iii) upon the closing of a Subsequent Financing (the “Maturity Date”), and to pay accrued interest to the Holder at the Maturity Date on the then outstanding principal amount of this Debenture at the rate of 10% per annum, payable in cash.  The Company may pre-pay this Debenture at any time without penalty.

This Debenture is subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the Purchase Agreement, as well as to the following additional provisions:

Section 1.                        This Debenture is exchangeable for an equal aggregate principal amount of Debentures of different authorized denominations, as requested by the Holder surrendering the same.  No service charge will be made for such registration of transfer or exchange.

Section 2.                                  This Debenture has been issued subject to certain investment representations of the original Holder set forth in the Purchase Agreement and may be transferred or exchanged only in compliance with the Purchase Agreement and applicable federal and state securities laws and regulations.  Prior to due presentment to the Company for transfer of this Debenture, the Company and any agent of the Company may treat the Person in whose name this Debenture is duly registered on the Debenture register as the owner hereof for the purpose of receiving payment as herein provided and for all other purposes, whether or not this Debenture is overdue, and neither the Company nor any such agent shall be affected by notice to the contrary.
 
 
 
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Section 3.                      Events of Default.

(a)           “Event of Default”, wherever used herein, means any one of the following events (whatever the reason and whether it shall be voluntary or involuntary or effected by operation of law or pursuant to any judgment, decree or order of any court, or any order, rule or regulation of any administrative or governmental body):

(i)           any default in the payment of the principal amount of, or interest on, the Debenture;

(ii)           the Company shall fail to observe or perform any other covenant or agreement contained in this Debenture or any of the other Transaction Documents which failure is not cured, if possible to cure, within 10 Trading Days after notice of such default is sent by the Holder or by any other holder to the Company; or

(iii)           the Company shall commence, or there shall be commenced against the Company a case under any applicable bankruptcy or insolvency laws as now or hereafter in effect or any successor thereto, or the Company  commences any other proceeding under any reorganization, arrangement, adjustment of debt, relief of debtors, dissolution, insolvency or liquidation or similar law of any jurisdiction whether now or hereafter in effect relating to the Company or there is commenced against the Company any such bankruptcy, insolvency or other proceeding which remains undismissed for a period of 60 days; or the Company is adjudicated insolvent or bankrupt; or any order of relief or other order approving any such case or proceeding is entered; or the Company  suffers any appointment of any custodian or the like for it or any substantial part of its property which continues undischarged or unstayed for a period of 60 days; or the Company makes a general assignment for the benefit of creditors; or the Company shall fail to pay, or shall state that it is unable to pay, or shall be unable to pay, its debts generally as they become due; or the Company; or any corporate or other action is taken by the Company or any subsidiary thereof for the purpose of effecting any of the foregoing;

(iv)           default shall occur with respect to any other indebtedness for borrowed money of the Company or under any agreement under which such indebtedness may be issued by the Company and such default shall continue for more than the period of grace, if any, therein specified, if the aggregate amount of such indebtedness for which such default shall have occurred exceeds $200,000;
 
 
 
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(v)           default shall occur with respect to any contractual obligation of the Company under or pursuant to any contract, lease, or other agreement to which the Company is a party and such default shall continue for more than the period of grace, if any, therein specified, if the aggregate amount of the Company’s contractual liability arising out of such default exceeds or is reasonably estimated to exceed $200,000; and

(vi)           final judgment for the payment of money in excess of $200,000 shall be rendered against the Company and the same shall remain undischarged for a period of 60 days during which execution shall not be effectively stayed;

(b)           If any Event of Default occurs, the full principal amount of this Debenture, together with interest and other amounts owing in respect thereof, to the date of acceleration shall become immediately due and payable in cash; provided, however, that the Holder shall have the right to convert all or a portion of such principal of and accrued interest on the Debenture into shares of Common Stock pursuant to the terms set forth in Section 4 below (and to receive cash on the principal amount Holder elects not to convert).  Commencing 5 days after the occurrence of any Event of Default that results in the eventual acceleration of this Debenture, the interest rate on this Debenture shall accrue at the rate of 18% per annum, or such lower maximum amount of interest permitted to be charged under applicable law.  The Holder need not provide and the Company hereby waives any presentment, demand, protest or other notice of any kind, and the Holder may immediately and without expiration of any grace period enforce any and all of its rights and remedies hereunder and all other remedies available to it under applicable law.  Such declaration may be rescinded and annulled by Holder at any time prior to payment hereunder and the Holder shall have all rights as a Debenture holder until such time, if any, as the full payment under this Section shall have been received by it.  No such rescission or annulment shall affect any subsequent Event of Default or impair any right consequent thereon.

Section 4.                      Conversion Upon Event of Default.

(a)           The Holder, if elected pursuant to Section 3(b) above, shall convert all or a portion of the principal of and accrued interest on this Debenture into shares of Common Stock, the Holder shall effect such conversion by delivering to the Company a notice of conversion (a “Notice of Conversion”), specifying therein the principal amount of and accrued interest on the Debenture to be converted and the date on which such conversion is to be effected (a “Conversion Date”).  The number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon a conversion shall be determined by the quotient obtained by dividing (x) the outstanding principal amount of, and accrued interest on, this Debenture to be converted by (y) the Set Price (as defined in subsection 4(b)).

(b)           (i)           The conversion price in effect on the Conversion Date shall be equal to $.25 (the “Set Price”).
 
 
 
 
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(ii)           If the Company, at any time while the Debenture is outstanding; (A) shall pay a stock dividend or otherwise make a distribution or distributions on shares of its Common Stock or any other equity or equity equivalent securities payable in shares of Common Stock (which, for avoidance of doubt, shall not include any shares of Common Stock issued by the Company pursuant to this Debenture), (B) subdivide outstanding shares of Common Stock into a larger number of shares, (C) combine (including by way of reverse stock split) outstanding shares of Common Stock into a smaller number of shares, or (D) issue by reclassification of shares of the Common Stock any shares of capital stock of the Company, then the Set Price shall be multiplied by a fraction of which the numerator shall be the number of shares of Common Stock (excluding treasury shares, if any) outstanding before such event and of which the denominator shall be the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding after such event.  Any adjustment made pursuant to this Section shall become effective immediately after the record date for the determination of stockholders entitled to receive such dividend or distribution and shall become effective immediately after the effective date in the case of a subdivision, combination or re-classification.  Additional adjustments in the Set Price shall be made pursuant to subsection 4(b)(iii)(B)(4) in the event of the payment of a dividend or distribution on its Common Stock in shares of Common Stock.

(iii)           (A)           In case the Company, at any time this Debenture is outstanding, shall issue shares of Common Stock or Common Stock Equivalents (as defined below) entitling any person to acquire shares of Common Stock, at a price per share (determined, reduced and adjusted in accordance with this subsection 4(b)) less than the then current Set Price (if the holder of the Common Stock or Common Stock Equivalent so issued shall at any time, whether by operation of purchase price adjustments, reset provisions, floating conversion, exercise or exchange prices or otherwise, or due to warrants, options or rights issued in connection with such issuance, be entitled to receive shares of Common Stock at a price less than the Set Price, such issuance shall be deemed to have occurred for less than the Set Price), then, the Set Price shall be reduced to equal such lower price.  “Common Stock Equivalents” shall mean any securities of the Company or the Subsidiaries which would entitle the holder thereof to acquire at any time Common Stock, including without limitation, any debt, preferred stock, rights, options, warrants or other instrument that is at any time convertible into or exchangeable for, or otherwise entitles the holder thereof to receive, Common Stock.  Such adjustment shall be made whenever such Common Stock or Common Stock Equivalents are issued.  The Company shall notify the Holder in writing, no later than the trading day following the issuance of any Common Stock or Common Stock Equivalent subject to this section, indicating therein the applicable issuance price, or of applicable reset price, exchange price, conversion price and other pricing terms.  In the event any Common Stock Equivalents are issued which have a Common Stock purchase price below the Set Price and such Common Stock Equivalents shall be cancelled, expire or otherwise be of no further force or effect, than any prior adjustment to the Set Price shall be rescinded.
 
 
 
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(B)           For purposes of this subsection (iii), the following subsections shall also be applicable:

(1)           Issuance of Rights or Options.  In case at any time the Company shall in any manner grant (directly and not by assumption in a merger or otherwise) any warrants or other rights to subscribe for or to purchase, or any options for the purchase of, Common Stock or any stock or security convertible into or exchangeable for Common Stock (such warrants, rights or options being called “Options” and such convertible or exchangeable stock or securities being called “Convertible Securities”) whether or not such Options or the right to convert or exchange any such Convertible Securities are immediately exercisable, and the price per share for which Common Stock is issuable upon the exercise of such Options or upon the conversion or exchange of such Convertible Securities (determined by dividing (i) the sum (which sum shall constitute the applicable consideration) of (x) the total amount, if any, received or receivable by the Company as consideration for the granting of such Options, plus (y) the aggregate amount of additional consideration payable to the Company upon the exercise of all such Options, plus (z), in the case of such Options which relate to Convertible Securities, the aggregate amount of additional consideration, if any, payable upon the issue or sale of such Convertible Securities and upon the conversion or exchange thereof, by (ii) the total maximum number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of such Options or upon the conversion or exchange of all such Convertible Securities issuable upon the exercise of such Options) shall be less than the Set Price in effect immediately prior to the time of the granting of such Options, then the total number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of such Options or upon conversion or exchange of the total amount of such Convertible Securities issuable upon the exercise of such Options shall be deemed to have been issued for such price per share as of the date of granting of such Options or the issuance of such Convertible Securities and thereafter shall be deemed to be outstanding for purposes of adjusting the Set Price.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection (3) below, no adjustment of the Set Price shall be made upon the actual issue of such Common Stock or of such Convertible Securities upon exercise of such Options or upon the actual issue of such Common Stock upon conversion or exchange of such Convertible Securities.

(2)           Issuance of Convertible Securities.  In case the Company shall in any manner issue (directly and not by assumption in a merger or otherwise) or sell any Convertible Securities, whether or not the rights to exchange or convert any such Convertible Securities are immediately exercisable, and the price per share for which Common Stock is issuable upon such conversion or exchange (determined by dividing (i) the sum (which sum shall constitute the applicable consideration) of (x) the total amount received or receivable by the Company as consideration for the issue or sale of such Convertible Securities, plus (y) the aggregate amount of additional consideration, if any, payable to the Company upon the conversion or exchange thereof, by (ii) the total number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon the conversion or exchange of all such Convertible Securities) shall be less than the Set Price in effect immediately prior to the time of such issue or sale, then the total maximum number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon conversion or exchange of all such Convertible Securities shall be deemed to have been issued for such price per share as of the date of the issue or sale of such Convertible Securities and thereafter shall be deemed to be outstanding for purposes of adjusting the Set Price, provided that (a) except as otherwise provided in subsection (3) below, no adjustment of the Set Price shall be made upon the actual issuance of such Common Stock upon conversion or exchange of such Convertible Securities and (b) no further adjustment of the Set Price shall be made by reason of the issue or sale of Convertible Securities upon exercise of any Options to purchase any such Convertible Securities for which adjustments of the Set Price have been made pursuant to the other provisions of subsection (1) above.  If the Company issues a variable rate security, despite the prohibition thereon in the Purchase Agreement, the Company shall be deemed to have issued Common Stock or Common Stock Equivalents at the lowest possible conversion or exercise price at which such securities may be converted or exercised in the case of a Variable Rate Transaction (as defined in the Purchase Agreement).

 
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(3)           Change in Option Price or Conversion Rate.  Upon the happening of any of the following events, namely, if the purchase price provided for in any Option referred to in subsection 4(b)(iii)(B) hereof, the additional consideration, if any, payable upon the conversion or exchange of any Convertible Securities referred to in subsections 4(b)(iii)(B)(1) or 4(b)(iii)(B)(2), or the rate at which Convertible Securities referred to in subsections 4(b)(iii)(B)(1) or 4(b)(iii)(B)(2) are convertible into or exchangeable for Common Stock shall change at any time (including, but not limited to, changes under or by reason of provisions designed to protect against dilution), the Set Price in effect at the time of such event shall forthwith be readjusted to the Set Price which would have been in effect at such time had such Options or Convertible Securities still outstanding provided for such changed purchase price, additional consideration or conversion rate, as the case may be, at the time initially granted, issued or sold.  On the termination of any Option for which any adjustment was made pursuant to this subsection 4(b)(iii) or any right to convert or exchange Convertible Securities for which any adjustment was made pursuant to this subsection 4(b)(iii) (including without limitation upon the redemption or purchase for consideration of such Convertible Securities by the Company), the Set Price then in effect hereunder shall forthwith be changed to the Set Price which would have been in effect at the time of such termination had such Option or Convertible Securities, to the extent outstanding immediately prior to such termination, never been issued.

(4)           Stock Dividends.  In case the Company shall declare a dividend or make any other distribution upon any stock of the Company (other than the Common Stock) payable in Common Stock, Options or Convertible Securities, then any Common Stock, Options or Convertible Securities, as the case may be, issuable in payment of such dividend or distribution shall be deemed to have been issued or sold without consideration.

(5)           Consideration for Stock.  In case any shares of Common Stock, Options or Convertible Securities shall be issued or sold for cash, the consideration received therefore shall be deemed to be the net amount received by the Company therefore, after deduction therefrom of any expenses incurred or any underwriting commissions or concessions paid or allowed by the Company in connection therewith.  In case any shares of Common Stock, Options or Convertible Securities shall be issued or sold for a consideration other than cash, the amount of the consideration other than cash received by the Company shall be deemed to be the fair value of such consideration as determined in good faith by the Board of Directors of the Company, after deduction of any expenses incurred or any underwriting commissions or concessions paid or allowed by the Company in connection therewith.  In case any Options shall be issued in connection with the issue and sale of other securities of the Company, together comprising one integral transaction in which no specific consideration is allocated to such Options by the parties thereto, such Options shall be deemed to have been issued for such consideration as determined in good faith by the Board of Directors of the Company.  If Common Stock, Options or Convertible Securities shall be issued or sold by the Company and, in connection therewith, other Options or Convertible Securities (the “Additional Rights”) are issued, then the consideration received or deemed to be received by the Company shall be reduced by the fair market value of the Additional Rights (as determined using the Black-Scholes Pricing Model).

(6)           Record Date.  In case the Company shall take a record of the holders of its Common Stock for the purpose of entitling them to receive a dividend or other distribution payable in Common Stock, Options or Convertible Securities or to subscribe for or purchase Common Stock, Options or Convertible Securities, then such record date shall be seemed to be the date of the issue or sale of the shares of Common Stock deemed to have been issued or sold upon the declaration of such dividend or the making of such other distribution or the date of the granting of such right of subscription or purchase, as the case may be.

 
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(C)           Notwithstanding the foregoing, no adjustment will be made under this Section 4(b)(iii) in respect of: (i) the issuance of securities upon the exercise or conversion of any Common Stock Equivalents issued by the Company prior to the date hereof (but this Section 4(b)(iii) will apply to any amendments, modifications, and reissuances thereof and as a result of any changes, resets or adjustments to a conversion, exercise or exchange price thereunder whether or not as a result of any amendment, modification or reissuance), (ii) Common Stock issued pursuant to a Company’s stock incentive plan existing as of the date hereof, or (iii) Common Stock issued in connection with the acquisition of businesses or assets, other than transactions the purpose of which relate to capital raises.

(iv)            If the Company, at any time while Debentures are outstanding, shall distribute to all holders of Common Stock (and not to Holder) evidences of its indebtedness or assets, then in each such case the Set Price shall be determined by multiplying such price in effect immediately prior to the record date fixed for determination of stockholders entitled to receive such distribution by a fraction of which the denominator shall be the VWAP determined as of the record date mentioned above, and of which the numerator shall be such VWAP on such record date less the then fair market value at such record date of the portion of such assets or evidence of indebtedness so distributed applicable to one outstanding share of the Common Stock as determined by the Board of Directors in good faith.  In either case the adjustments shall be described in a statement provided to the Holder of the portion of assets or evidences of indebtedness so distributed.  Such adjustment shall be made whenever any such distribution is made and shall become effective immediately after the record date mentioned above.

(v)           All calculations under this Section 4 shall be made to the nearest cent or the nearest 1/100th of a share, as the case may be.  For purposes of this Section 4, the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding as of a given date shall be the sum of the number of shares of Common Stock (excluding treasury shares, if any) outstanding.

(vi)           Whenever the Set Price is adjusted pursuant to any of Section 4(b)(ii) - (iv), the Company shall promptly mail to each Holder a notice setting forth the Set Price after such adjustment and setting forth a brief statement of the facts requiring such adjustment.

(vii)           If (A) the Company shall declare a dividend (or any other distribution) on the Common Stock; (B) the Company shall declare a special nonrecurring cash dividend on or a redemption of the Common Stock; (C) the Company shall authorize the granting to all holders of the Common Stock rights or warrants to subscribe for or purchase any shares of capital stock of any class or of any rights; (D) the approval of any stockholders of the Company shall be required in connection with any reclassification of the Common Stock, any consolidation or merger to which the Company is a party, any sale or transfer of all or substantially all of the assets of the Company, of any compulsory share exchange whereby the Common Stock is converted into other securities, cash or property; (E) the Company shall authorize the voluntary or involuntary dissolution, liquidation or winding up of the affairs of the Company; then, in each case, the Company shall cause to be filed at each office or agency maintained for the purpose of conversion of the Debentures, and shall cause to be mailed to the Holder at its last address as it shall appear upon the stock books of the Company, at least 20 calendar days prior to the applicable record or effective date hereinafter specified, a notice stating (x) the date on which a record is to be taken for the purpose of such dividend, distribution, redemption, rights or warrants, or if a record is not to be taken, the date as of which the holders of the Common Stock of record to be entitled to such dividend, distributions, redemption, rights or warrants are to be determined or (y) the date on which such reclassification, consolidation, merger, sale, transfer or share exchange is expected to become effective or close, and the date as of which it is expected that holders of the Common Stock of record shall be entitled to exchange their shares of the Common Stock for securities, cash or other property deliverable upon such reclassification, consolidation, merger, sale, transfer or share exchange; provided, that the failure to mail such notice or any defect therein or in the mailing thereof shall not affect the validity of the corporate action required to be specified in such notice.
 
 
 
 
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(viii)                      If, at any time while this Debenture is outstanding, (A) the Company effects any merger or consolidation of the Company with or into another Person, (B) the Company effects any sale of all or substantially all of its assets in one or a series of related transactions, (C) any tender offer or exchange offer (whether by the Company or another Person) is completed pursuant to which holders of Common Stock are permitted to tender or exchange their shares for other securities, cash or property, or (D) the Company effects any reclassification of the Common Stock or any compulsory share exchange pursuant to which the Common Stock is effectively converted into or exchanged for other securities, cash or property (in any such case, a “Fundamental Transaction”), then upon any subsequent conversion of this Debenture, the Holder shall have the right to receive, for each underlying share that would have been issuable upon such conversion absent such Fundamental Transaction, the same kind and amount of securities, cash or property as it would have been entitled to receive upon the occurrence of such Fundamental Transaction if it had been, immediately prior to such Fundamental Transaction, the holder of one share of Common Stock (the “Alternate Consideration”).  For purposes of any such conversion, the determination of the Set Price shall be appropriately adjusted to apply to such Alternate Consideration based on the amount of Alternate Consideration issuable in respect of one share of Common Stock in such Fundamental Transaction, and the Company shall apportion the Set Price among the Alternate Consideration in a reasonable manner reflecting the relative value of any different components of the Alternate Consideration.  If holders of Common Stock are given any choice as to the securities, cash or property to be received in a Fundamental Transaction, then the Holder shall be given the same choice as to the Alternate Consideration it receives upon any conversion of this Debenture following such Fundamental Transaction.  To the extent necessary to effectuate the foregoing provisions, any successor to the Company or surviving entity in such Fundamental Transaction shall issue to the Holder a new debenture consistent with the foregoing provisions and evidencing the Holder's right to convert such debenture into Alternate Consideration. The terms of any agreement pursuant to which a Fundamental Transaction is effected shall include terms requiring any such successor or surviving entity to comply with the provisions of section 4(b)(iii) and insuring that this Debenture (or any such replacement security) will be similarly adjusted upon any subsequent transaction analogous to a Fundamental Transaction.

(ix)           Notwithstanding the foregoing, no adjustment will be made under this Section 4(b)(iii) in respect of (A) the issuance of securities upon the exercise or conversion of any Common Stock Equivalents issued by the Company prior to the date hereof (but this Section 4(b)(iii) will apply to any amendments, modifications, and reissuances thereof and as a result of any changes, resets or adjustments to a conversion, exercise or exchange price thereunder whether or not as a result of any amendment, modification or reissuance), or (B) Common Stock issued pursuant to a Company’s stock incentive plan existing as of the date hereof.
 
 
 
 
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(c)           The Company covenants that it will at all times reserve and keep available out of its authorized and unissued shares of Common Stock solely for the purpose of issuance upon conversion of the Debenture, free from preemptive rights or any other actual contingent purchase rights of persons other than the Holder, not less than such number of shares of the Common Stock as shall be issuable (taking into account the adjustments and restrictions of Section 4) upon the conversion of the outstanding principal amount of the Debenture.  The Company covenants that all shares of Common Stock that shall be so issuable shall, upon issue, be duly and validly authorized, issued and fully paid and nonassessable.

(d)           Upon a conversion hereunder the Company shall not be required to issue stock certificates representing fractions of shares of the Common Stock, but may if otherwise permitted, make a cash payment in respect of any final fraction of a share.  If the Company elects not, or is unable, to make such a cash payment, the Holder shall be entitled to receive, in lieu of the final fraction of a share, one whole share of Common Stock.

(e)           The issuance of certificates for shares of the Common Stock on conversion of the Debentures shall be made without charge to the Holder thereof for any documentary stamp or similar taxes that may be payable in respect of the issue or delivery of such certificate.

(f)           Any and all notices or other communications or deliveries to be provided by the Holder hereunder, including, without limitation, any notice of conversion, shall be in writing and delivered personally, by facsimile, sent by a nationally recognized overnight courier service, addressed to the Company, at the address set forth above, facsimile number 281-872-8585, Attn: Pierre Mulacek or such other address or facsimile number as the Company may specify for such purposes by notice to the Holder delivered in accordance with this Section.  Any and all notices or other communications or deliveries to be provided by the Company hereunder shall be in writing and delivered personally, by facsimile, sent by a nationally recognized overnight courier service addressed to each Holder at the facsimile telephone number or address of Holder appearing on the books of the Company, or if no such facsimile telephone number or address appears, at the principal place of business of the Holder.  Any notice or other communication or deliveries hereunder shall be deemed given and effective on the earliest of (i) the date of transmission, if such notice or communication is delivered via facsimile at the facsimile telephone number specified in this Section prior to 5:30 p.m. (New York City time), (ii) the date after the date of transmission, if such notice or communication is delivered via facsimile at the facsimile telephone number specified in this Section later than 5:30 p.m. (New York City time) on any date and earlier than 11:59 p.m. (New York City time) on such date, (iii) the second Business Day following the date of mailing, if sent by nationally recognized overnight courier service, or (iv) upon actual receipt by the party to whom such notice is required to be given.
 
 
 
 
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Section 5.                                Definitions.  For the purposes hereof, in addition to the terms defined elsewhere in this Debenture: (a) capitalized terms not otherwise defined herein have the meanings given to such terms in the Purchase Agreement, and (b) the following terms shall have the following meanings:

Business Day” means any day except Saturday, Sunday and any day which shall be a federal legal holiday in the United States or a day on which banking institutions in the State of New York are authorized or required by law or other government action to close.

Change of Control” as used herein shall mean the occurrence of the following events:

 
(i)
A sale, transfer, or other disposition by the Company through a single transaction or a series of transactions occurring within a 90-day period of securities of the Company representing Beneficial Ownership (as defined below) of fifty (50%) percent or more of the combined voting power of the Company’s then outstanding securities to any “Unrelated Person” or “Unrelated Persons” acting in concert with one another.  For purposes of this definition, the term “Person” shall mean and include any individual, partnership, joint venture, association, trust corporation, or other entity including a “group” as referred to in Section 13(d)(3) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“1934 Act”).  For purposes of this definition, the term “Unrelated Person” shall mean and include any Person other than the Company, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, an existing shareholder, or an employee benefit plan of the Company; provided however, a sale of the Company’s securities in a capital raising transaction shall not be a Change of Control.

 
(ii)
A sale, transfer, or other disposition through a single transaction or a series of transactions occurring within a 90-day period of all or substantially all of the assets of the Company to an Unrelated Person or Unrelated Persons acting in concert with one another.

 
(iii)
A change in the ownership of the Company through a single transaction or a series of transactions occurring within a 90-day period such that any Unrelated Person or Unrelated Persons acting in concert with one another become the “Beneficial Owner,” directly or indirectly, of securities of the Company representing at least fifty-one (51%) percent of the combined voting power of the Company then outstanding securities.  For purposes of this Agreement, the term “Beneficial Owner” shall have the same meaning as given to that term in Rule 13d-3 promulgated under the 1934 Act, provided that any pledgee of voting securities is not deemed to be the Beneficial Owner of the securities prior to its acquisition of voting rights with respect to the securities.

 
(iv)
Any consolidation or merger of the Company with or into an Unrelated Person, unless immediately after the consolidation or merger the holders of the Common Stock of the Company immediately prior to the consolidation or merger are the beneficial owners of securities of the surviving corporation representing at least fifty-one (51%) percent of the combined voting power of the surviving corporation’s then outstanding securities.

Person” means a corporation, an association, a partnership, organization, a business, an individual, a government or political subdivision thereof or a governmental agency.

Purchase Agreement” means the Purchase Agreement, dated as of the date hereof, to which the Company and the original Holder are parties, as amended, modified or supplemented from time to time in accordance with its terms.

Subsequent Financing” shall be the closing of the sale of Company capital stock or debt securities in one or a series of placements aggregating $1,000,000 within the 12 month period from the Original Funding Date.
 
 
 
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Trading Day” means (a) a day on which the shares of Common Stock are traded on a Trading Market on which the shares of Common Stock are then listed or quoted, or (b) if the shares of Common Stock are not quoted on a Trading Market, a day on which the shares of Common Stock are quoted in the over-the-counter market as reported by the National Quotation Bureau Incorporated (or any similar organization or agency succeeding its functions of reporting prices); provided, that in the event that the shares of Common Stock are not listed or quoted as set forth in (a), (b) and (c) hereof, then Trading Day shall mean a Business Day.

Transaction Documents” shall have the meaning set forth in the Purchase Agreement.

Section 6.  In the event of a Change of Control taking place otherwise than in connection with the Subsequent Financing, Holder, at its option, will have the right (a) immediately prior to the Change in Control, to convert the Debenture into securities of the Company of the same class as those held by the persons acquiring control of the Company, or (b) to require the Company, upon the Change in Control, to purchase the Debenture at a purchase price of 110% of the price, plus accrued interest.

Section 7.                            Except as expressly provided herein, no provision of this Debenture shall alter or impair the obligation of the Company, which is absolute and unconditional, to pay the principal of, and interest on, this Debenture at the time, place, and rate, and in the coin or currency, herein prescribed.  This Debenture is a direct debt obligation of the Company.  As long as this Debenture is outstanding, the Company shall not and shall cause it subsidiaries not to, without the consent of the Holder, amend its certificate of incorporation, bylaws or other charter documents so as to adversely affect any rights of the Holder; or  enter into any agreement with respect to any of the foregoing.

Section 8.                            If this Debenture shall be mutilated, lost, stolen or destroyed, the Company shall execute and deliver, in exchange and substitution for and upon cancellation of a mutilated Debenture, or in lieu of or in substitution for a lost, stolen or destroyed Debenture, a new Debenture for the principal amount of this Debenture so mutilated, lost, stolen or destroyed but only upon receipt of evidence of such loss, theft or destruction of such Debenture, and of the ownership hereof, and indemnity, if requested, all reasonably satisfactory to the Company.

Section 9.  All questions concerning the construction, validity, enforcement and interpretation of this Debenture shall be governed by and construed and enforced in accordance with the internal laws of the State of Texas, without regard to the principles of conflicts of law thereof.  Each party agrees that all legal proceedings concerning the interpretations, enforcement and defense of the transactions contemplated by any of the Transaction Documents (whether brought against a party hereto or its respective affiliates, directors, officers, shareholders, employees or agents) shall be commenced in the state and federal courts sitting in the City of Houston, Harris County (the “Texas Courts”).  Each party hereto hereby irrevocably submits to the exclusive jurisdiction of the Texas Courts for the adjudication of any dispute hereunder or in connection herewith or with any transaction contemplated hereby or discussed herein (including with respect to the enforcement of any of the Transaction Documents), and hereby irrevocably waives, and agrees not to assert in any suit, action or proceeding, any claim that it is not personally subject to the jurisdiction of any such court, or such Texas Courts are improper or inconvenient venue for such proceeding.  Each party hereby irrevocably waives personal service of process and consents to process being served in any such suit, action or proceeding by mailing a copy thereof via registered or certified mail or overnight delivery (with evidence of delivery) to such party at the address in effect for notices to it under this Debenture and agrees that such service shall constitute good and sufficient service of process and notice thereof.  Nothing contained herein shall be deemed to limit in any way any right to serve process in any manner permitted by law. Each party hereto hereby irrevocably waives, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law, any and all right to trial by jury in any legal proceeding arising out of or relating to this Debenture or the transactions contemplated hereby. If either party shall commence an action or proceeding to enforce any provisions of this Debenture, then the prevailing party in such action or proceeding shall be reimbursed by the other party for its attorneys fees and other costs and expenses incurred with the investigation, preparation and prosecution of such action or proceeding.
 
 
 
 
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Section 10.  Any waiver by the Company or the Holder of a breach of any provision of this Debenture shall not operate as or be construed to be a waiver of any other breach of such provision or of any breach of any other provision of this Debenture.  The failure of the Company or the Holder to insist upon strict adherence to any term of this Debenture on one or more occasions shall not be considered a waiver or deprive that party of the right thereafter to insist upon strict adherence to that term or any other term of this Debenture.  Any waiver must be in writing.

Section 11.  If any provision of this Debenture is invalid, illegal or unenforceable, the balance of this Debenture shall remain in effect, and if any provision is inapplicable to any person or circumstance, it shall nevertheless remain applicable to all other persons and circumstances.  If it shall be found that any interest or other amount deemed interest due hereunder violates applicable laws governing usury, the applicable rate of interest due hereunder shall automatically be lowered to equal the maximum permitted rate of interest. The Company covenants (to the extent that it may lawfully do so) that it shall not at any time insist upon, plead, or in any manner whatsoever claim or take the benefit or advantage of, any stay, extension or usury law or other law which would prohibit or forgive the Company from paying all or any portion of the principal of or interest on this Debenture as contemplated herein, wherever enacted, now or at any time hereafter in force, or which may affect the covenants or the performance of this indenture, and the Company (to the extent it may lawfully do so) hereby expressly waives all benefits or advantage of any such law, and covenants that it will not, by resort to any such law, hinder, delay or impeded the execution of any power herein granted to the Holder, but will suffer and permit the execution of every such as though no such law has been enacted.

Section 12.  Whenever any payment or other obligation hereunder shall be due on a day other than a Business Day, such payment shall be made on the next succeeding Business Day.


*********************
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Company has caused this Debenture to be duly executed by a duly authorized officer as of the date first above indicated.
 
 
  ARKANOVA ENERGY CORP.  
       
 
By:
/s/ PIERRE MULACEK  
    Name: Pierre Mulacek  
    Title:  CEO  
       
 
 
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