Agreement

Amended and Restated Investors Rights Agreement Kior, Inc.

Exhibit 4.2
AMENDED AND RESTATED INVESTORS’ RIGHTS AGREEMENT
KIOR, INC.

 


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS
         
    Page  
 
       
1. Definitions
    1  
 
       
2. Registration Rights
    4  
2.1 Demand Registration
    4  
2.2 Company Registration
    6  
2.3 Underwriting Requirements
    6  
2.4 Obligations of the Company
    7  
2.5 Furnish Information
    9  
2.6 Expenses of Registration
    9  
2.7 Delay of Registration
    9  
2.8 Indemnification
    9  
2.9 Reports Under Exchange Act
    12  
2.10 Limitations on Subsequent Registration Rights
    12  
2.11 “Market Stand-off” Agreement
    12  
2.12 Restrictions on Transfer
    13  
2.13 Termination of Registration Rights
    15  
 
       
3. Information Rights
    15  
3.1 Delivery of Financial Statements
    15  
3.2 Inspection
    16  
3.3 Termination of Information Rights
    16  
3.4 Confidentiality
    16  
 
       
4. Rights to Future Stock Issuances
    17  
4.1 Right of First Offer
    17  
4.2 Directed IPO Shares
    18  
4.3 Termination
    18  
 
       
5. Additional Covenants
    18  
5.1 Insurance
    18  
5.2 Employee Agreements
    19  
5.3 Employee Stock
    19  
5.4 Board Matters
    19  
5.5 Successor Indemnification
    19  
5.6 Termination of Covenants
    19  
 
       
6. Miscellaneous
    19  
6.1 Successors and Assigns
    19  
6.2 Governing Law
    20  
6.3 Counterparts; Facsimile
    20  
6.4 Titles and Subtitles
    20  
6.5 Notices
    20  
6.6 Amendments and Waivers
    21  

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    Page  
 
6.7 Severability
    21  
6.8 Aggregation of Stock
    22  
6.9 Additional Investors
    22  
6.10 Entire Agreement
    22  
6.11 Delays or Omissions
    22  
6.12 Acknowledgment
    22  
         
Schedule A — Schedule of Investors
       
Schedule B — Schedule of Key Holders
       

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AMENDED AND RESTATED INVESTORS’ RIGHTS AGREEMENT
     THIS AMENDED AND RESTATED INVESTORS’ RIGHTS AGREEMENT is made as of the 21 day of April, 2011, by and among Kior, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”), each of the investors listed on Schedule A hereto, each of which is referred to in this Agreement as an “Investor,” and each of the stockholders listed on Schedule B hereto, each of whom is referred to herein as a “Key Holder.”
RECITALS
     WHEREAS, the Company and certain of the Investors are parties to the Series C Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement of even date herewith (the “Purchase Agreement”);
     WHEREAS, the Company and certain of the Investors are parties to that certain Amended and Restated Investors’ Rights Agreement dated April 16, 2010, as amended by the certain Amendment to the Amended and Restated Investors’ Rights Agreement, dated July 19, 2010 (the “Prior Agreement”); and
     WHEREAS, the parties to the Prior Agreement desire to amend and restate the Prior Agreement in its entirety and accept the rights and covenants hereto in lieu of their rights and covenants under the Prior Agreement.
     NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of these premises and for other good and valid consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which are hereby acknowledged, the parties hereto agree as follows:
     1. Definitions. For purposes of this Agreement:
          1.1 “Affiliate” means, with respect to any specified Person, any other Person who, directly or indirectly, controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with such Person, including without limitation any general partner, managing member, officer or director of such Person or any venture capital fund now or hereafter existing that is controlled by one or more general partners or managing members of, or shares the same management company with, such Person.
          1.2 “Common Stock” means collectively, shares of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.0001 per share and shares of the Company’s Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share.
          1.3 “Damages” means any loss, damage, or liability (joint or several) to which a party hereto may become subject under the Securities Act, the Exchange Act, or other federal or state law, insofar as such loss, damage, or liability (or any action in respect thereof) arises out of or is based upon (i) any untrue statement or alleged untrue statement of a material fact contained in any registration statement of the Company, including any preliminary prospectus or final prospectus contained therein or any amendments or supplements thereto; (ii) an omission or alleged omission to state therein a material fact required to be stated therein, or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading; or (iii) any violation or alleged violation by the indemnifying party (or any of its agents or Affiliates) of the Securities Act, the

 


 

Exchange Act, any state securities law, or any rule or regulation promulgated under the Securities Act, the Exchange Act, or any state securities law.
          1.4 “Derivative Securities” means any securities or rights convertible into, or exercisable or exchangeable for (in each case, directly or indirectly), Common Stock, including options and warrants.
          1.5 “Exchange Act” means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.
          1.6 “Excluded Registration” means (i) a registration relating to the sale of securities to employees of the Company or a subsidiary pursuant to a stock option, stock purchase, or similar plan; (ii) a registration relating to an SEC Rule 145 transaction; (iii) a registration on any form that does not include substantially the same information as would be required to be included in a registration statement covering the sale of the Registrable Securities; or (iv) a registration in which the only Common Stock being registered is Common Stock issuable upon conversion of debt securities that are also being registered.
          1.7 “Form S-1” means such form under the Securities Act as in effect on the date hereof or any successor registration form under the Securities Act subsequently adopted by the SEC.
          1.8 “Form S-3” means such form under the Securities Act as in effect on the date hereof or any registration form under the Securities Act subsequently adopted by the SEC that permits incorporation of substantial information by reference to other documents filed by the Company with the SEC.
          1.9 “GAAP” means generally accepted accounting principles in the United States.
          1.10 “Holder” means any holder of Registrable Securities who is a party to this Agreement.
          1.11 “Immediate Family Member” means a child, stepchild, grandchild, parent, stepparent, grandparent, spouse, sibling, mother-in-law, father-in-law, son-in-law, daughter-in-law, brother-in-law, or sister-in-law, including adoptive relationships, of a natural person referred to herein.
          1.12 “Initiating Holders” means, collectively, Holders who properly initiate a registration request under this Agreement.
          1.13 “IPO” means the Company’s first underwritten public offering of its Common Stock under the Securities Act.
          1.14 “Lighthouse Warrants” means (i) that certain Preferred Stock Purchase Warrant, issued by the Company on December 30, 2008 to Lighthouse Capital Partners VI, L.P., (ii) that certain Preferred Stock Purchase Warrant, issued by the Company on January 27, 2010 to

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Lighthouse Capital Partners VI, L.P, and (iii) that certain Preferred Stock Purchase Warrant, issued by the Company on April 16, 2010 to Lighthouse Capital Partners Vi, L.P.
          1.15 “Leader Warrant” means that certain Preferred Stock Purchase Warrant, issued by the Company on January 27, 2010 to Leader Equity, LLC.
          1.16 “Major Investor” means (i) any Investor that, individually or together with such Investor’s Affiliates, holds at least 500,000 shares of Registrable Securities (as adjusted for stock splits, stock dividends, recapitalizations or the like after the date hereof) or (ii) any Investor that, individually or together with such Investor’s Affiliates, continues to hold at least thirty percent (30%) of the Series C Preferred Stock purchased by such Investor (together with its Affiliates) pursuant to the Purchase Agreement.
          1.17 “New Securities” means, collectively, equity securities of the Company, whether or not currently authorized, as well as rights, options, or warrants to purchase such equity securities, or securities of any type whatsoever that are, or may become, convertible or exchangeable into or exercisable for such equity securities.
          1.18 “Person” means any individual, corporation, partnership, trust, limited liability company, association or other entity.
          1.19 “Preferred Stock” means collectively Series A Preferred Stock, Series A-1 Preferred Stock, Series B Preferred Stock and Series C Preferred Stock.
          1.20 “Registrable Securities” means (i) the Common Stock issuable or issued upon conversion of the Preferred Stock; (ii) any Common Stock, or any Common Stock issued or issuable (directly or indirectly) upon conversion and/or exercise of any other securities of the Company, acquired by the Investors after the date hereof or upon the exercise, in whole or in part, of the Lighthouse Warrants or the Leader Warrant in accordance with their terms; and (iii) any Common Stock issued as (or issuable upon the conversion or exercise of any warrant, right, or other security that is issued as) a dividend or other distribution with respect to, or in exchange for or in replacement of, the shares referenced in clauses (i) and (ii) above; excluding in all cases, however, any Registrable Securities sold by a Person in a transaction in which the applicable rights under this Agreement are not assigned pursuant to Section 6.1, and excluding for purposes of Section 2 any shares for which registration rights have terminated pursuant to Section 2.13 of this Agreement.
          1.21 “Registrable Securities then outstanding” means the number of shares determined by adding the number of shares of outstanding Common Stock that are Registrable Securities and the number of shares of Common Stock issuable (directly or indirectly) pursuant to then exercisable and/or convertible securities that are Registrable Securities.
          1.22 “Restricted Securities” means the securities of the Company required to bear the legend set forth in Section 2.12(b) hereof.
          1.23 “SEC” means the Securities and Exchange Commission.

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          1.24 “SEC Rule 144” means Rule 144 promulgated by the SEC under the Securities Act.
          1.25 “SEC Rule 145” means Rule 145 promulgated by the SEC under the Securities Act.
          1.26 “Securities Act” means the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.
          1.27 “Selling Expenses” means all underwriting discounts, selling commissions, and stock transfer taxes applicable to the sale of Registrable Securities, and fees and disbursements of counsel for any Holder, except for the fees and disbursements of the Selling Holder Counsel borne and paid by the Company as provided in Section 2.6.
          1.28 “Series A Director” means any director of the Company that the holders of record of the Series A Preferred Stock and Series A-1 Preferred Stock are entitled to elect pursuant to the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation.
          1.29 “Series A Preferred Stock” means shares of the Company’s Series A Preferred Stock, par value $0.0001 per share.
          1.30 “Series A-1 Preferred Stock” means shares of the Company’s Series A-1 Preferred Stock, par value $0.0001 per share.
          1.31 “Series B Preferred Stock” means shares of the Company’s Series B Preferred Stock, par value $0.0001 per share.
          1.32 “Series C Preferred Stock” means shares of the Company’s Series C Preferred Stock, par value $0.0001 per share.
     2. Registration Rights. The Company covenants and agrees as follows:
          2.1 Demand Registration.
               (a) Form S-1 Demand. If at any time after the earlier of (i) three (3) years after the date of this Agreement or (ii) one hundred eighty (180) days after the effective date of the registration statement for the IPO, the Company receives a request from Holders of at least forty percent (40%) of the Registrable Securities then outstanding that the Company file a Form S-1 registration statement with respect to at least thirty percent (30%) of the Registrable Securities then outstanding and the anticipated aggregate offering price to the public would exceed $20,000,000, then the Company shall (i) within ten (10) days after the date such request is given, give notice thereof (the “Demand Notice”) to all Holders other than the Initiating Holders; and (ii) as soon as practicable, and in any event within sixty (60) days after the date such request is given by the Initiating Holders, file a Form S-1 registration statement under the Securities Act covering all Registrable Securities that the Initiating Holders requested to be registered and any additional Registrable Securities requested to be included in such registration by any other Holders, as specified by notice given by each such Holder to the Company within

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twenty (20) days of the date the Demand Notice is given, and in each case, subject to the limitations of Section 2.1(c) and Section 2.3.
               (b) Form S-3 Demand. If at any time when it is eligible to use a Form S-3 registration statement, the Company receives a request from the Holders of the Registrable Securities that the Company file a Form S-3 registration statement with respect to outstanding Registrable Securities of such Holders having an anticipated aggregate offering price of at least $10,000,000, then the Company shall (i) within ten (10) days after the date such request is given, give a Demand Notice to all Holders other than the Initiating Holders; and (ii) as soon as practicable, and in any event within forty-five (45) days after the date such request is given by the Initiating Holders, file a Form S-3 registration statement under the Securities Act covering all Registrable Securities requested to be included in such registration by any other Holders, as specified by notice given by each such Holder to the Company within twenty (20) days of the date the Demand Notice is given, and in each case, subject to the limitations of Section 2.1(c) and Section 2.3.
               (c) Notwithstanding the foregoing obligations, if the Company furnishes to Holders requesting a registration pursuant to this Section 2.1 a certificate signed by the Company’s chief executive officer stating that in the good faith judgment of the Company’s Board of Directors it would be materially detrimental to the Company and its stockholders for such registration statement to either become effective or remain effective for as long as such registration statement otherwise would be required to remain effective, because such action would (i) materially interfere with a significant acquisition, corporate reorganization, or other similar transaction involving the Company; (ii) require premature disclosure of material information that the Company has a bona fide business purpose for preserving as confidential; or (iii) render the Company unable to comply with requirements under the Securities Act or Exchange Act, then the Company shall have the right to defer taking action with respect to such filing, and any time periods with respect to filing or effectiveness thereof shall be tolled correspondingly, for a period of not more than sixty (60) days after the request of the Initiating Holders is given; provided, however, that the Company may not invoke this right more than once in any twelve (12) month period; and provided further that the Company shall not register any securities for its own account or that of any other stockholder during such sixty (60) day period other than pursuant to a registration relating to the sale of securities to employees of the Company or a subsidiary pursuant to a stock option, stock purchase, or similar plan.
               (d) The Company shall not be obligated to effect, or to take any action to effect, any registration pursuant to Section 2.1(a) (i) during the period that is sixty (60) days before the Company’s good faith estimate of the date of filing of, and ending on a date that is one hundred eighty (180) days after the effective date of, a Company-initiated registration, provided, that the Company is actively employing in good faith commercially reasonable efforts to cause such registration statement to become effective; (ii) after the Company has effected two registrations pursuant to Section 2.1(a); or (iii) if the Initiating Holders propose to dispose of shares of Registrable Securities that may be immediately registered on Form S-3 pursuant to a request made pursuant to Section 2.1(b). The Company shall not be obligated to effect, or to take any action to effect, any registration pursuant to Section 2.1(b) (i) during the period that is thirty (30) days before the Company’s good faith estimate of the date of filing of, and ending on a date that is ninety (90) days after the effective date of, a Company-initiated registration,

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provided, that the Company is actively employing in good faith commercially reasonable efforts to cause such registration statement to become effective; or (ii) if the Company has effected two registrations pursuant to Section 2.1(b) within the twelve (12) month period immediately preceding the date of such request. A registration shall not be counted as “effected” for purposes of this Section 2.1(d) until such time as the applicable registration statement has been declared effective by the SEC, unless the Initiating Holders withdraw their request for such registration, elect not to pay the registration expenses therefor, and forfeit their right to one demand registration statement pursuant to Section 2.6, in which case such withdrawn registration statement shall be counted as “effected” for purposes of this Section 2.1(d).
          2.2 Company Registration. If the Company proposes to register (including, for this purpose, a registration effected by the Company for stockholders other than the Holders) any of its securities under the Securities Act in connection with the public offering of such securities solely for cash (other than in an Excluded Registration), the Company shall, at such time, promptly give each Holder notice of such registration. Upon the request of each Holder given within twenty (20) days after such notice is given by the Company, the Company shall, subject to the provisions of Section 2.3, cause to be registered all of the Registrable Securities that each such Holder has requested to be included in such registration. The Company shall have the right to terminate or withdraw any registration initiated by it under this Section 2.2 before the effective date of such registration, whether or not any Holder has elected to include Registrable Securities in such registration. The expenses (other than Selling Expenses) of such withdrawn registration shall be borne by the Company in accordance with Section 2.6.
          2.3 Underwriting Requirements.
               (a) If, pursuant to Section 2.1, the Initiating Holders intend to distribute the Registrable Securities covered by their request by means of an underwriting, they shall so advise the Company as a part of their request made pursuant to Section 2.1, and the Company shall include such information in the Demand Notice. The underwriter(s) will be selected by the Company, subject only to the reasonable approval of the Initiating Hodlders. In such event, the right of any Holder to include such Holder’s Registrable Securities in such registration shall be conditioned upon such Holder’s participation in such underwriting and the inclusion of such Holder’s Registrable Securities in the underwriting to the extent provided herein. All Holders proposing to distribute their securities through such underwriting shall (together with the Company as provided in Section 2.4(e)) enter into an underwriting agreement in customary form with the underwriter(s) selected for such underwriting. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Section 2.3, if the managing underwriter(s) advise(s) the Initiating Holders in writing that marketing factors require a limitation on the number of shares to be underwritten, then the Initiating Holders shall so advise all Holders of Registrable Securities that otherwise would be underwritten pursuant hereto, and the number of Registrable Securities that may be included in the underwriting shall be allocated among such Holders of Registrable Securities, including the Initiating Holders, in proportion (as nearly as practicable) to the number of Registrable Securities owned by each Holder or in such other proportion as shall mutually be agreed to by all such selling Holders; provided, however, that the number of Registrable Securities held by the Holders to be included in such underwriting shall not be reduced unless all other securities are first entirely excluded from the underwriting.

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               (b) In connection with any offering involving an underwriting of shares of the Company’s capital stock pursuant to Section 2.2, the Company shall not be required to include any of the Holders’ Registrable Securities in such underwriting unless the Holders accept the terms of the underwriting as agreed upon between the Company and its underwriters, and then only in such quantity as the underwriters in their sole discretion determine will not jeopardize the success of the offering by the Company. If the total number of securities, including Registrable Securities, requested by stockholders to be included in such offering exceeds the number of securities to be sold (other than by the Company) that the underwriters in their reasonable discretion determine is compatible with the success of the offering, then the Company shall be required to include in the offering only that number of such securities, including Registrable Securities, which the underwriters and the Company in their sole discretion determine will not jeopardize the success of the offering. If the underwriters determine that less than all of the Registrable Securities requested to be registered can be included in such offering, then the Registrable Securities that are included in such offering shall be allocated among the selling Holders in proportion (as nearly as practicable to) the number of Registrable Securities owned by each selling Holder or in such other proportions as shall mutually be agreed to by all such selling Holders. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in no event shall (i) the number of Registrable Securities included in the offering be reduced unless all other securities (other than securities to be sold by the Company) are first entirely excluded from the offering, or (ii) the number of Registrable Securities included in the offering be reduced below twenty five percent (25%) of the total number of securities included in such offering, unless such offering is the IPO, in which case the selling Holders may be excluded further if the underwriters make the determination described above and no other stockholder’s securities are included in such offering. For purposes of the provision in this Section 2.3(b) concerning apportionment, for any selling Holder that is a partnership, limited liability company, or corporation, the partners, members, retired partners, retired members, stockholders, and Affiliates of such Holder, or the estates and Immediate Family Members of any such partners, retired partners, members, and retired members and any trusts for the benefit of any of the foregoing Persons, shall be deemed to be a single “selling Holder,” and any pro rata reduction with respect to such “selling Holder” shall be based upon the aggregate number of Registrable Securities owned by all Persons included in such “selling Holder,” as defined in this sentence.
               (c) For purposes of Section 2.1, a registration shall not be counted as “effected” if, as a result of an exercise of the underwriter’s cutback provisions in Section 2.3(a), fewer than thirty percent (30%) of the total number of Registrable Securities that Holders have requested to be included in such registration statement are actually included.
          2.4 Obligations of the Company. Whenever required under this Section 2 to effect the registration of any Registrable Securities, the Company shall, as expeditiously as reasonably possible:
               (a) prepare and file with the SEC a registration statement with respect to such Registrable Securities and use its commercially reasonable efforts to cause such registration statement to become effective and, upon the request of the Holders of a majority of the Registrable Securities registered thereunder, keep such registration statement effective for a period of up to one hundred twenty (120) days or, if earlier, until the distribution contemplated in the registration statement has been completed; provided, however, that (i) such one hundred

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twenty (120) day period shall be extended for a period of time equal to the period the Holder refrains, at the request of an underwriter of Common Stock (or other securities) of the Company, from selling any securities included in such registration, and (ii) in the case of any registration of Registrable Securities on Form S-3 that are intended to be offered on a continuous or delayed basis, subject to compliance with applicable SEC rules, such one hundred twenty (120) day period shall be extended for up to one hundred twenty (120) days, if necessary, to keep the registration statement effective until all such Registrable Securities are sold;
               (b) prepare and file with the SEC such amendments and supplements to such registration statement, and the prospectus used in connection with such registration statement, as may be necessary to comply with the Securities Act in order to enable the disposition of all securities covered by such registration statement;
               (c) furnish to the selling Holders such numbers of copies of a prospectus, including a preliminary prospectus, as required by the Securities Act, and such other documents as the Holders may reasonably request in order to facilitate their disposition of their Registrable Securities;
               (d) use its commercially reasonable efforts to register and qualify the securities covered by such registration statement under such other securities or blue-sky laws of such jurisdictions as shall be reasonably requested by the selling Holders; provided that the Company shall not be required to qualify to do business or to file a general consent to service of process in any such states or jurisdictions, unless the Company is already subject to service in such jurisdiction and except as may be required by the Securities Act;
               (e) in the event of any underwritten public offering, enter into and perform its obligations under an underwriting agreement, in usual and customary form, with the underwriter(s) of such offering;
               (f) use its commercially reasonable efforts to cause all such Registrable Securities covered by such registration statement to be listed on a national securities exchange or trading system and each securities exchange and trading system (if any) on which similar securities issued by the Company are then listed;
               (g) provide a transfer agent and registrar for all Registrable Securities registered pursuant to this Agreement and provide a CUSIP number for all such Registrable Securities, in each case not later than the effective date of such registration;
               (h) promptly make available for inspection by the selling Holders, any managing underwriter(s) participating in any disposition pursuant to such registration statement, and any attorney or accountant or other agent retained by any such underwriter or selected by the selling Holders, all financial and other records, pertinent corporate documents, and properties of the Company, and cause the Company’s officers, directors, employees, and independent accountants to supply all information reasonably requested by any such seller, underwriter, attorney, accountant, or agent, in each case, as necessary or advisable to verify the accuracy of the information in such registration statement and to conduct appropriate due diligence in connection therewith;

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               (i) notify each selling Holder, promptly after the Company receives notice thereof, of the time when such registration statement has been declared effective or a supplement to any prospectus forming a part of such registration statement has been filed; and
               (j) after such registration statement becomes effective, notify each selling Holder of any request by the SEC that the Company amend or supplement such registration statement or prospectus.
          2.5 Furnish Information. It shall be a condition precedent to the obligations of the Company to take any action pursuant to this Section 2 with respect to the Registrable Securities of any selling Holder that such Holder shall furnish to the Company such information regarding itself, the Registrable Securities held by it, and the intended method of disposition of such securities as is reasonably required to effect the registration of such Holder’s Registrable Securities.
          2.6 Expenses of Registration. All expenses (other than Selling Expenses) incurred in connection with registrations, filings, or qualifications pursuant to Section 2, including all registration, filing, and qualification fees; printers’ and accounting fees; fees and disbursements of counsel for the Company; and the reasonable fees and disbursements, not to exceed $25,000, of one counsel for the selling Holders (“Selling Holder Counsel”), shall be borne and paid by the Company; provided, however, that the Company shall not be required to pay for any expenses of any registration proceeding begun pursuant to Section 2.1 if the registration request is subsequently withdrawn at the request of the Holders of a majority of the Registrable Securities to be registered (in which case all selling Holders shall bear such expenses pro rata based upon the number of Registrable Securities that were to be included in the withdrawn registration), unless the Holders of a majority of the Registrable Securities agree to forfeit their right to one registration pursuant to Section 2.1(a) or Section 2.1(b), as the case may be; provided further that if, at the time of such withdrawal, the Holders shall have learned of a material adverse change in the condition, business, or prospects of the Company from that known to the Holders at the time of their request and have withdrawn the request with reasonable promptness after learning of such information then the Holders shall not be required to pay any of such expenses and shall not forfeit their right to one registration pursuant to Section 2.1(a) or Section 2.1(b). All Selling Expenses relating to Registrable Securities registered pursuant to this Section 2 shall be borne and paid by the Holders pro rata on the basis of the number of Registrable Securities registered on their behalf.
          2.7 Delay of Registration. No Holder shall have any right to obtain or seek an injunction restraining or otherwise delaying any registration pursuant to this Agreement as the result of any controversy that might arise with respect to the interpretation or implementation of this Section 2.
          2.8 Indemnification. If any Registrable Securities are included in a registration statement under this Section 2:
               (a) To the extent permitted by law, the Company will indemnify and hold harmless each selling Holder, and the partners, members, officers, directors, and stockholders of each such Holder; legal counsel and accountants for each such Holder; any

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underwriter (as defined in the Securities Act) for each such Holder; and each Person, if any, who controls such Holder or underwriter within the meaning of the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, against any Damages, and the Company will pay to each such Holder, underwriter, controlling Person, or other aforementioned Person any legal or other expenses reasonably incurred thereby in connection with investigating or defending any claim or proceeding from which Damages may result, as such expenses are incurred; provided, however, that the indemnity agreement contained in this Section 2.8(a) shall not apply to amounts paid in settlement of any such claim or proceeding if such settlement is effected without the consent of the Company, which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld, nor shall the Company be liable for any Damages to the extent that they arise out of or are based upon actions or omissions made in reliance upon and in conformity with written information furnished by or on behalf of any such Holder, underwriter, controlling Person, or other aforementioned Person expressly for use in connection with such registration.
               (b) To the extent permitted by law, each selling Holder, severally and not jointly, will indemnify and hold harmless the Company, and each of its directors, each of its officers who has signed the registration statement, each Person (if any), who controls the Company within the meaning of the Securities Act, legal counsel and accountants for the Company, any underwriter (as defined in the Securities Act), any other Holder selling securities in such registration statement, and any controlling Person of any such underwriter or other Holder, against any Damages, in each case only to the extent that such Damages arise out of or are based upon actions or omissions made in reliance upon and in conformity with written information furnished by or on behalf of such selling Holder expressly for use in connection with such registration; and each such selling Holder will pay to the Company and each other aforementioned Person any legal or other expenses reasonably incurred thereby in connection with investigating or defending any claim or proceeding from which Damages may result, as such expenses are incurred; provided, however, that the indemnity agreement contained in this Section 2.8(b) shall not apply to amounts paid in settlement of any such claim or proceeding if such settlement is effected without the consent of the Holder, which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld; and provided further that in no event shall the aggregate amounts payable by any Holder by way of indemnity or contribution under Sections 2.8(b) and 2.8(d) exceed the proceeds from the offering received by such Holder (net of any Selling Expenses paid by such Holder), except in the case of fraud or willful misconduct by such Holder.
               (c) Promptly after receipt by an indemnified party under this Section 2.8 of notice of the commencement of any action (including any governmental action) for which a party may be entitled to indemnification hereunder, such indemnified party will, if a claim in respect thereof is to be made against any indemnifying party under this Section 2.8, give the indemnifying party notice of the commencement thereof. The indemnifying party shall have the right to participate in such action and, to the extent the indemnifying party so desires, participate jointly with any other indemnifying party to which notice has been given, and to assume the defense thereof with counsel mutually satisfactory to the parties; provided, however, that an indemnified party (together with all other indemnified parties that may be represented without conflict by one counsel) shall have the right to retain one separate counsel, with the fees and expenses to be paid by the indemnifying party, if representation of such indemnified party by the counsel retained by the indemnifying party would be inappropriate due to actual or potential differing interests between such indemnified party and any other party represented by such

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counsel in such action. The failure to give notice to the indemnifying party within a reasonable time of the commencement of any such action shall relieve such indemnifying party of any liability to the indemnified party under this Section 2.8, to the extent that such failure materially prejudices the indemnifying party’s ability to defend such action. The failure to give notice to the indemnifying party will not relieve it of any liability that it may have to any indemnified party otherwise than under this Section 2.8.
               (d) To provide for just and equitable contribution to joint liability under the Securities Act in any case in which either (i) any party otherwise entitled to indemnification hereunder makes a claim for indemnification pursuant to this Section 2.8 but it is judicially determined (by the entry of a final judgment or decree by a court of competent jurisdiction and the expiration of time to appeal or the denial of the last right of appeal) that such indemnification may not be enforced in such case, notwithstanding the fact that this Section 2.8 provides for indemnification in such case, or (ii) contribution under the Securities Act may be required on the part of any party hereto for which indemnification is provided under this Section 2.8, then, and in each such case, such parties will contribute to the aggregate losses, claims, damages, liabilities, or expenses to which they may be subject (after contribution from others) in such proportion as is appropriate to reflect the relative fault of each of the indemnifying party and the indemnified party in connection with the statements, omissions, or other actions that resulted in such loss, claim, damage, liability, or expense, as well as to reflect any other relevant equitable considerations. The relative fault of the indemnifying party and of the indemnified party shall be determined by reference to, among other things, whether the untrue or allegedly untrue statement of a material fact, or the omission or alleged omission of a material fact, relates to information supplied by the indemnifying party or by the indemnified party and the parties’ relative intent, knowledge, access to information, and opportunity to correct or prevent such statement or omission; provided, however, that, in any such case, (x) no Holder will be required to contribute any amount in excess of the public offering price of all such Registrable Securities offered and sold by such Holder pursuant to such registration statement, and (y) no Person guilty of fraudulent misrepresentation (within the meaning of Section 11(f) of the Securities Act) will be entitled to contribution from any Person who was not guilty of such fraudulent misrepresentation; and provided further that in no event shall a Holder’s liability pursuant to this Section 2.8(d), when combined with the amounts paid or payable by such Holder pursuant to Section 2.8(b), exceed the proceeds from the offering received by such Holder (net of any Selling Expenses paid by such Holder), except in the case of willful misconduct or fraud by such Holder.
               (e) Notwithstanding the foregoing, to the extent that the provisions on indemnification and contribution contained in the underwriting agreement entered into in connection with the underwritten public offering are in conflict with the foregoing provisions, the provisions in the underwriting agreement shall control.
               (f) Unless otherwise superseded by an underwriting agreement entered into in connection with the underwritten public offering, the obligations of the Company and Holders under this Section 2.8 shall survive the completion of any offering of Registrable Securities in a registration under this Section 2, and otherwise shall survive the termination of this Agreement.

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          2.9 Reports Under Exchange Act. With a view to making available to the Holders the benefits of SEC Rule 144 and any other rule or regulation of the SEC that may at any time permit a Holder to sell securities of the Company to the public without registration or pursuant to a registration on Form S-3, the Company shall:
               (a) make and keep available adequate current public information, as those terms are understood and defined in SEC Rule 144, at all times after the effective date of the registration statement filed by the Company for the IPO;
               (b) use commercially reasonable efforts to file with the SEC in a timely manner all reports and other documents required of the Company under the Securities Act and the Exchange Act (at any time after the Company has become subject to such reporting requirements); and
               (c) furnish to any Holder, so long as the Holder owns any Registrable Securities, forthwith upon request (i) to the extent accurate, a written statement by the Company that it has complied with the reporting requirements of SEC Rule 144 (at any time after ninety (90) days after the effective date of the registration statement filed by the Company for the IPO), the Securities Act, and the Exchange Act (at any time after the Company has become subject to such reporting requirements), or that it qualifies as a registrant whose securities may be resold pursuant to Form S-3 (at any time after the Company so qualifies); (ii) a copy of the most recent annual or quarterly report of the Company and such other reports and documents so filed by the Company; and (iii) such other information as may be reasonably requested in availing any Holder of any rule or regulation of the SEC that permits the selling of any such securities without registration (at any time after the Company has become subject to the reporting requirements under the Exchange Act) or pursuant to Form S-3 (at any time after the Company so qualifies to use such form).
          2.10 Limitations on Subsequent Registration Rights. From and after the date of this Agreement, the Company shall not, without the prior written consent of the Holders of a majority of the Registrable Securities then outstanding, enter into any agreement with any holder or prospective holder of any securities of the Company that would allow such holder or prospective holder (i) to include such securities in any registration unless, under the terms of such agreement, such holder or prospective holder may include such securities in any such registration only to the extent that the inclusion of such securities will not reduce the number of the Registrable Securities of the Holders that are included or (ii) allow such holder or prospective holder to initiate a demand for registration of any securities held by such holder or prospective holder; provided that this limitation shall not apply to any additional Investor who becomes a party to this Agreement in accordance with Section 6.9.
          2.11 “Market Stand-off” Agreement. Each Holder hereby agrees that it will not, without the prior written consent of the managing underwriter, during the period commencing on the date of the final prospectus relating to the registration by the Company of shares of its Common Stock or any other equity securities under the Securities Act and ending on the date specified by the Company and the managing underwriter (such period not to exceed (x) one hundred eighty (180) days in the case of the IPO or (y) ninety (90) days in the case of any registration statement other than the IPO, (i) lend; offer; pledge; sell; contract to sell; sell any

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option or contract to purchase; purchase any option or contract to sell; grant any option, right, or warrant to purchase; or otherwise transfer or dispose of, directly or indirectly, any shares of Common Stock or any securities convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable (directly or indirectly) for Common Stock that is held immediately before the effective date of the registration statement for such offering or (ii) enter into any swap or other arrangement that transfers to another, in whole or in part, any of the economic consequences of ownership of such securities that are held immediately before the effective date of the registration statement for such offering, whether any such transaction described in clause (i) or (ii) above is to be settled by delivery of Common Stock or other securities, in cash, or otherwise. The foregoing provisions of this Section 2.11 shall not apply (a) to the transfer of any shares to an Affiliate of such Holder or to any other Person that receives or will receive investment management services directly or indirectly from Alberta Investment Management Corporation or a transferee or assignee that is controlled by or under common control with one or more such Persons or (b) the sale of any shares to an underwriter pursuant to an underwriting agreement, and shall be applicable to the Holders only if all officers, directors and stockholders individually owning one percent (1%) or more of the Company’s outstanding Common Stock (after giving effect to conversion into Common Stock of all outstanding Series A Preferred Stock) are subject to the same restrictions. The underwriters in connection with such registration are intended third-party beneficiaries of this Section 2.11 and shall have the right, power, and authority to enforce the provisions hereof as though they were a party hereto. Each Holder further agrees to execute such agreements as may be reasonably requested by the underwriters in connection with such registration that are consistent with this Section 2.11 or that are necessary to give further effect thereto. Any discretionary waiver or termination of the restrictions of any or all of such agreements by the Company or the underwriters shall apply pro rata to all Holders subject to such agreements, based on the number of shares subject to such agreements. Notwithstanding the above, if (y) during the period that begins on the date that is fifteen (15) calendar days plus three (3) business days before the last day of the 180-day or 90-day period, as applicable, referred to above and ends on the last day of such period, the Company issues an earnings release or material news or a material event relating to the Company occurs; or (z) prior to the expiration of the 180-day or 90-day period, as applicable, referred to above, the Company announces that it will release earnings results during the sixteen (16) calendar day period beginning on the last day of such period, then, at the request of the managing underwriter, such 180-day or 90-day period, as applicable, shall be extended until the expiration of the date that is fifteen (15) calendar days plus three (3) business days after the date on which the issuance of the earnings release or the material news or material event occurs; provided, however, that no such extension may be requested or effected if the safe harbor provided by Rule 139 under the Securities Act is available in the manner contemplated by Rule 2711(f)(4) of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. or Rule 472(f)(4) of the New York Stock Exchange.
          2.12 Restrictions on Transfer.
               (a) The Registrable Securities shall not be sold, pledged, or otherwise transferred by any Holder, and the Company shall not recognize and shall issue stop-transfer instructions to its transfer agent with respect to any such sale, pledge, or transfer, except upon the a sale, pledge, or transfer to any transferee or assignee (i) who is an Affiliate of Holder or any director, officer of partner of an Affiliate of Holder, (ii) who is a family member of the Holder or a trust for the benefit of the Holder or any family member of the Holder, (iii) who acquires at

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least one percent (1%) of the Registrable Securities of the Company, or (iv) who is a Person who receives or will receive investment management services directly or indirectly from Alberta Investment Management Corporation or a transferee or assignee that is controlled by or under common control with one or more such Persons. In no event shall any Holder sell, pledge, or otherwise transfer any Registrable Securities to a purchaser, pledgee, or transferee that the Board of Directors, in its reasonable good faith judgment, determines to be a direct competitor of the Company, without the Company’s prior written consent. A transferring Holder will cause any proposed purchaser, pledgee, or transferee of the Registrable Securities held by such Holder to agree in writing to take and hold such securities subject to the provisions and upon the conditions specified in this Agreement.
               (b) Each certificate or instrument representing (i) the Series A Preferred Stock, (ii) the Registrable Securities, and (iii) any other securities issued in respect of the securities referenced in clauses (i) and (ii), upon any stock split, stock dividend, recapitalization, merger, consolidation, or similar event, shall (unless otherwise permitted by the provisions of Section 2.12(c)) be stamped or otherwise imprinted with a legend substantially in the following form:
THE SECURITIES REPRESENTED HEREBY HAVE BEEN ACQUIRED FOR INVESTMENT AND HAVE NOT BEEN REGISTERED UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933. SUCH SHARES MAY NOT BE SOLD, PLEDGED, OR TRANSFERRED IN THE ABSENCE OF SUCH REGISTRATION OR A VALID EXEMPTION FROM THE REGISTRATION AND PROSPECTUS DELIVERY REQUIREMENTS OF SAID ACT.
THE SECURITIES REPRESENTED HEREBY MAY BE TRANSFERRED ONLY IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE TERMS OF AN AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE COMPANY AND THE STOCKHOLDER, A COPY OF WHICH IS ON FILE WITH THE SECRETARY OF THE COMPANY.
The Holders consent to the Company making a notation in its records and giving instructions to any transfer agent of the Restricted Securities in order to implement the restrictions on transfer set forth in this Section 2.12.
               (c) The holder of each certificate representing Restricted Securities, by acceptance thereof, agrees to comply in all respects with the provisions of this Section 2. Before any proposed sale, pledge, or transfer of any Restricted Securities, unless there is in effect a registration statement under the Securities Act covering the proposed transaction, the Holder thereof shall give notice to the Company of such Holder’s intention to effect such sale, pledge, or transfer. Each such notice shall describe the manner and circumstances of the proposed sale, pledge, or transfer in sufficient detail and, if reasonably requested by the Company, shall be accompanied at such Holder’s expense by either (i) a written opinion of legal counsel who shall, and whose legal opinion shall, be reasonably satisfactory to the Company, addressed to the Company, to the effect that the proposed transaction may be effected without registration under the Securities Act; (ii) a “no action” letter from the SEC to the effect that the proposed sale, pledge, or transfer of such Restricted Securities without registration will not result in a recommendation by the staff of the SEC that action be taken with respect thereto; or (iii) any

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other evidence reasonably satisfactory to counsel to the Company to the effect that the proposed sale, pledge, or transfer of the Restricted Securities may be effected without registration under the Securities Act, whereupon the Holder of such Restricted Securities shall be entitled to sell, pledge, or transfer such Restricted Securities in accordance with the terms of the notice given by the Holder to the Company. The Company will not require such a legal opinion or “no action” letter (x) in any transaction in compliance with SEC Rule 144 or (y) in any transaction in which such Holder distributes Restricted Securities to an Affiliate of such Holder for no consideration; provided that each transferee agrees in writing to be subject to the terms of this Section 2.12. Each certificate or instrument evidencing the Restricted Securities transferred as above provided shall bear, except if such transfer is made pursuant to SEC Rule 144, the appropriate restrictive legend set forth in Section 2.12(b), except that such certificate shall not bear such restrictive legend if, in the opinion of counsel for such Holder and the Company, such legend is not required in order to establish compliance with any provisions of the Securities Act.
          2.13 Termination of Registration Rights. The right of any Holder to request registration or inclusion of Registrable Securities in any registration pursuant to Section 2.1 or Section 2.2 shall terminate upon the earliest to occur of:
               (a) the closing of a Deemed Liquidation Event, as such term is defined in the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation; and
               (b) the fifth anniversary of the IPO.
     3. Information Rights.
          3.1 Delivery of Financial Statements. The Company shall deliver to each Major Investor, provided that the Board of Directors has not reasonably determined that such Major Investor is a competitor of the Company:
               (a) as soon as practicable, but in any event within one hundred twenty (120) days after the end of each fiscal year of the Company, (i) a balance sheet as of the end of such year, (ii) statements of income and of cash flows for such year and (iii) a statement of stockholders’ equity as of the end of such year, all such financial statements audited and certified by independent public accountants of nationally recognized standing selected by the Company;
               (b) as soon as practicable, but in any event within forty-five (45) days after the end of each of the first three (3) quarters of each fiscal year of the Company, unaudited statements of income and of cash flows for such fiscal quarter, and an unaudited balance sheet and a statement of stockholders’ equity as of the end of such fiscal quarter, all prepared in accordance with GAAP (except that such financial statements may (i) be subject to normal year-end audit adjustments and (ii) not contain all notes thereto that may be required in accordance with GAAP);
               (c) as soon as practicable, but in any event within forty-five (45) days after the beginning of each fiscal year, a budget and business plan for the next fiscal year (collectively, the “Budget”), approved by the Board of Directors and prepared on a monthly basis and, promptly after prepared, any other budgets or revised budgets prepared by the Company; and

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               (d) such other information relating to the financial condition, business, prospects, or corporate affairs of the Company as any Major Investor may from time to time reasonably request.
If, for any period, the Company has any subsidiary whose accounts are consolidated with those of the Company, then in respect of such period the financial statements delivered pursuant to the foregoing sections shall be the consolidated and consolidating financial statements of the Company and all such consolidated subsidiaries.
     Notwithstanding anything else in this Section 3.1 to the contrary, the Company may cease providing the information set forth in this Section 3.1 during the period starting with the date thirty (30) days before the Company’s good-faith estimate of the date of filing of a registration statement if it reasonably concludes it must do so to comply with the SEC rules applicable to such registration statement and related offering; provided that the Company’s covenants under this Section 3.1 shall be reinstated at such time as the Company is no longer actively employing its commercially reasonable efforts to cause such registration statement to become effective.
          3.2 Inspection. The Company shall permit each Major Investor (provided that the Board of Directors has not reasonably determined that such Major Investor is a competitor of the Company), at such Major Investor’s expense, to visit and inspect the Company’s properties; examine its books of account and records; and discuss the Company’s affairs, finances, and accounts with its officers, during normal business hours of the Company as may be reasonably requested by the Major Investor.
          3.3 Termination of Information Rights. The covenants set forth in Section 3.1 and Section 3.2 shall terminate and be of no further force or effect (i) immediately before the consummation of the IPO, or (ii) when the Company first becomes subject to the periodic reporting requirements of Section 12(g) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, whichever event occurs first.
          3.4 Confidentiality. Each Investor agrees that such Investor will not disclose, divulge, or use for any purpose (other than to monitor its investment in the Company) any confidential information obtained from the Company pursuant to the terms of this Agreement (including notice of the Company’s intention to file a registration statement), unless such confidential information (a) is known or becomes known to the public in general (other than as a result of a breach of this Section 3.4 by an Investor), (b) is or has been independently developed or conceived by such Investor without use of the Company’s confidential information, or (c) is or has been made known or disclosed to the Investor by a third party without a breach of any obligation of confidentiality such third party may have to the Company; provided, however, that an Investor may disclose confidential information (i) to its attorneys, accountants, consultants, and other professionals to the extent necessary to obtain their services in connection with monitoring its investment in the Company; (ii) to any prospective purchaser (provided that the Board of Directors has not reasonably determined that such prospective purchaser is a competitor of the Company), of any Registrable Securities from such Investor, if such prospective purchaser agrees to be bound by the provisions of this Section 3.4; (iii) to any Affiliate, partner, member, stockholder, or wholly owned subsidiary of such Investor in the ordinary course of such

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Investor’s business to monitor or report such Investor’s investment in the Company; or (iv) as may otherwise be required by law, provided that the Investor promptly notifies the Company of such disclosure and takes reasonable steps to minimize the extent of any such required disclosure.
     4. Rights to Future Stock Issuances.
          4.1 Right of First Offer. Subject to the terms and conditions of this Section 4.1 and applicable securities laws, if the Company proposes to offer, sell or otherwise issue any New Securities, the Company shall first offer such New Securities to each Major Investor and each Key Holder. A Major Investor shall be entitled to apportion the right of first offer hereby granted to it among itself and its Affiliates in such proportions as it deems appropriate.
               (a) The Company shall give notice (the “Offer Notice”) to each Major Investor and Key Holder, stating (i) its bona fide intention to offer such New Securities, (ii) the number of such New Securities to be offered, and (iii) the price and terms, if any, upon which it proposes to offer such New Securities.
               (b) By notification to the Company within twenty (20) days after the Offer Notice is given, each Major Investor and Key Holder may elect to purchase or otherwise acquire, at the price and on the terms specified in the Offer Notice, up to that portion of such New Securities which equals the proportion that the Common Stock issued and held, or issuable (directly or indirectly) upon conversion and/or exercise, as applicable, of the Preferred Stock and any other Derivative Securities then held, by such Major Investor or Key Holder, as the case may be, bears to the total Common Stock of the Company then outstanding (assuming full conversion and/or exercise, as applicable, of all Preferred Stock and other Derivative Securities). At the expiration of such twenty (20) day period, the Company shall promptly notify each Major Investor and Key Holder that elects to purchase or acquire all the shares available to it (each, a “Fully Exercising Investor”) of any other Major Investor’s or Key Holder’s failure to do likewise. During the ten (10) day period commencing after the Company has given such notice, each Fully Exercising Investor may, by giving notice to the Company, elect to purchase or acquire, in addition to the number of shares specified above, up to that portion of the New Securities for which Major Investors were entitled to subscribe but that were not subscribed for by the Major Investors which is equal to the proportion that the Common Stock issued and held, or issuable (directly or indirectly) upon conversion and/or exercise, as applicable, of Preferred Stock and any other Derivative Securities then held, by such Fully Exercising Investor bears to the Common Stock issued and held, or issuable (directly or indirectly) upon conversion and/or exercise, as applicable, of the Preferred Stock and any other Derivative Securities then held, by all Fully Exercising Investors who wish to purchase such unsubscribed shares. The closing of any sale pursuant to this Section 4.1(b) shall occur within the later of ninety (90) days of the date that the Offer Notice is given and the date of initial sale of New Securities pursuant to Section 4.1(c).
               (c) If all New Securities referred to in the Offer Notice are not elected to be purchased or acquired as provided in Section 4.1(b), the Company may, during the ninety (90) day period following the expiration of the periods provided in Section 4.1(b), offer and sell

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the remaining unsubscribed portion of such New Securities to any Person or Persons at a price not less than, and upon terms no more favorable to the offeree than, those specified in the Offer Notice. If the Company does not enter into an agreement for the sale of the New Securities within such period, or if such agreement is not consummated within thirty (30) days of the execution thereof, the right provided hereunder shall be deemed to be revived and such New Securities shall not be offered unless first reoffered to the Major Investors and Key Holders in accordance with this Section 4.1.
               (d) The right of first offer in this Section 4.1 shall not be applicable to (i) Exempted Securities (as defined in the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation); (ii) shares of Common Stock issued in the IPO; and (iii) the issuance of shares of Series C Preferred Stock to Additional Purchasers pursuant to the Purchase Agreement.
          4.2 Directed IPO Shares. If an IPO is undertaken, the Company will use its commercially reasonable efforts to cause the managing underwriter(s) of the IPO to designate a number of shares equal to ten percent (10%) of the Common Stock to be offered in the IPO for sale under a “directed shares program” to Persons designated by the Major Investors holding Series B Preferred Stock (the “Series B Investors”) or their designees, provided that the Company shall instruct such underwriter(s) to allocate no less than fifty percent (50%) of the shares included in such directed share program to Artis Capital Management, L.P. and its Affiliates. The shares designated by the underwriter(s) for sale under a directed shares program are referred to herein as “directed shares.” The Series B Investors acknowledge that, despite the Company’s use of its commercially reasonable efforts, the underwriter(s) may determine in their sole discretion that it is not advisable to designate all such shares as directed shares in the IPO, in which case the number of directed shares may be reduced or no directed shares may be designated, as applicable. The Series B Investors acknowledge that notwithstanding the terms of this Agreement, the sale of any directed shares to any Person pursuant to this Agreement will only be made in compliance with Rules 2010 and 5130 of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. Rules and federal, state, and local laws, rules, and regulations.
          4.3 Termination. The covenants set forth in Section 4.1 shall terminate and be of no further force or effect (i) immediately before the consummation of the IPO, (ii) when the Company first becomes subject to the periodic reporting requirements of Section 12(g) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, or (iii) upon a Deemed Liquidation Event, as such term is defined in the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation, whichever event occurs first. The covenants set forth in Section 4.2 shall terminate and be of no further force or effect (i) immediately after the consummation of the IPO and (ii) upon a Deemed Liquidation Event, as such term is defined in the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation, whichever event occurs first.
     5. Additional Covenants.
          5.1 Insurance. Unless the board of Directors determines that such action would not be in the best interest of the stockholders of the Company, the Company shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to continue to maintain Directors and Officers liability insurance and term “key-person” insurance on Fred Cannon until such time as the Board of Directors determines that such insurance should be discontinued.

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          5.2 Employee Agreements. The Company will cause each person now or hereafter employed by it or by any subsidiary (or engaged by the Company or any subsidiary as a consultant/independent contractor) with access to confidential information and/or trade secrets to enter into a nondisclosure and proprietary rights assignment agreement substantially in the form approved by the Board of Directors. In addition, the Company shall not amend, modify, terminate, waive, or otherwise alter, in whole or in part, any of the above-referenced agreements without the consent of the Board of Directors.
          5.3 Employee Stock. Unless otherwise approved by the Board of Directors, all future employees and consultants of the Company who purchase, receive options to purchase, or receive awards of shares of the Company’s capital stock after the date hereof shall be required to execute restricted stock or option agreements, as applicable, providing for (i) vesting of shares over a five (5) year period, with the first twenty percent (20%) of such shares vesting following twelve (12) months of continued employment or service, and the remaining shares vesting in equal monthly installments over the following forty-eight (48) months, and (ii) a market stand-off provision substantially similar to that in Section 2.11. In addition, unless otherwise approved by the Board of Directors the Company shall retain a “right of first refusal” on employee transfers until the Company’s IPO and shall have the right to repurchase unvested shares at cost upon termination of employment of a holder of restricted stock.
          5.4 Board Matters. Unless otherwise determined by the vote of a majority of the directors then in office, the Board of Directors shall meet at least quarterly in accordance with an agreed-upon schedule. The Company shall reimburse the nonemployee directors for all reasonable out-of-pocket travel expenses incurred (consistent with the Company’s travel policy) in connection with attending meetings of the Board of Directors.
          5.5 Successor Indemnification. If the Company or any of its successors or assignees consolidates with or merges into any other Person and is not the continuing or surviving corporation or entity of such consolidation or merger, then to the extent necessary, proper provision shall be made so that the successors and assignees of the Company assume the obligations of the Company with respect to indemnification of members of the Board of Directors as in effect immediately before such transaction, whether such obligations are contained in the Company’s Bylaws, its Certificate of Incorporation, or elsewhere, as the case may be.
          5.6 Termination of Covenants. The covenants set forth in this Section 5, except for Section 5.5, shall terminate and be of no further force or effect (i) immediately before the consummation of the IPO (ii) when the Company first becomes subject to the periodic reporting requirements of Section 12(g) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, or (iii) upon a Deemed Liquidation Event, as such term is defined in the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation, whichever event occurs first.
     6. Miscellaneous.
          6.1 Successors and Assigns. The rights under this Agreement may be assigned (but only with all related obligations) by a Holder to a transferee of Registrable Securities that (i) is an Affiliate of a Holder; (ii) is a Holder’s Immediate Family Member or trust

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for the benefit of an individual Holder or one or more of such Holder’s Immediate Family Members; (iii) is a Person that receives or will receive investment management services directly or indirectly from Alberta Investment Management Corporation or a transferee or assignee that is controlled by or under common control with one or more such Persons; or (iv) after such transfer, holds at least 1,000,000 shares of Registrable Securities (subject to appropriate adjustment for stock splits, stock dividends, combinations, and other recapitalizations); provided, however, that (x) the Company is, within a reasonable time after such transfer, furnished with written notice of the name and address of such transferee and the Registrable Securities with respect to which such rights are being transferred; and (y) such transferee agrees in a written instrument delivered to the Company to be bound by and subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, including the provisions of Section 2.11. For the purposes of determining the number of shares of Registrable Securities held by a transferee, the holdings of a transferee (1) that is an Affiliate or stockholder of a Holder; (2) who is a Holder’s Immediate Family Member; or (3) that is a trust for the benefit of an individual Holder or such Holder’s Immediate Family Member shall be aggregated together and with those of the transferring Holder; provided further that all transferees who would not qualify individually for assignment of rights shall have a single attorney-in-fact for the purpose of exercising any rights, receiving notices, or taking any action under this Agreement. The terms and conditions of this Agreement inure to the benefit of and are binding upon the respective successors and permitted assignees of the parties. Nothing in this Agreement, express or implied, is intended to confer upon any party other than the parties hereto or their respective successors and permitted assignees any rights, remedies, obligations or liabilities under or by reason of this Agreement, except as expressly provided herein.
          6.2 Governing Law. This Agreement and any controversy arising out of or relating to this Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware as to matters within the scope thereof, and as to all other matters shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the internal laws of the State of California, without regard to conflict of law principles that would result in the application of any law other than the law of the State of California.
          6.3 Counterparts; Facsimile. This Agreement may be executed in two or more counterparts, each of which shall be deemed an original, but all of which together shall constitute one and the same instrument. This Agreement may also be executed and delivered by facsimile signature and in two or more counterparts, each of which shall be deemed an original, but all of which together shall constitute one and the same instrument.
          6.4 Titles and Subtitles. The titles and subtitles used in this Agreement are for convenience only and are not to be considered in construing or interpreting this Agreement.
          6.5 Notices. All notices and other communications given or made pursuant to this Agreement shall be in writing and shall be deemed effectively given upon the earlier of actual receipt or: (i) personal delivery to the party to be notified; (ii) when sent, if sent by electronic mail or facsimile during the recipient’s normal business hours, and if not sent during normal business hours, then on the recipient’s next business day; (iii) five (5) days after having been sent by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, postage prepaid; or (iv) one (1) business day after the business day of deposit with a nationally recognized overnight courier, freight prepaid, specifying next-day delivery, with written verification of receipt. All

20


 

communications shall be sent to the respective parties at their addresses as set forth on Schedule A or Schedule B (as applicable) hereto, or to the principal office of the Company and to the attention of the Chief Executive Officer, in the case of the Company, or to such email address, facsimile number, or address as subsequently modified by written notice given in accordance with this Section 6.5. If notice is given to the Company, a copy which shall not constitute notice, shall also be sent to Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr LLP, 950 Page Mill Road, Palo Alto, CA 94304, Attention: Peter Buckland. If notice is given to Artis Capital Management, L.P., or its Affiliates, a copy (which shall not constitute notice) shall also be given to Goodwin Procter LLP, Attention: Anthony J. McCusker, 135 Commonwealth Drive, Menlo Park, CA 94025-1105.
          6.6 Amendments and Waivers. Any term of this Agreement may be amended and the observance of any term of this Agreement may be waived (either generally or in a particular instance, and either retroactively or prospectively) only with the written consent of the Company and the holders of a majority of the Registrable Securities then outstanding; provided that the Company may in its sole discretion waive compliance with Section 2.12(c) (and the Company’s failure to object promptly in writing after notification of a proposed assignment allegedly in violation of Section 2.12(c) shall be deemed to be a waiver); and provided further that any provision hereof may be waived by any waiving party on such party’s own behalf, without the consent of any other party. Notwithstanding the foregoing, this Agreement may not be amended or terminated and the observance of any term hereof may not be waived with respect to any Investor or Key Holder without the written consent of such Investor or Key Holder, as the case may be, unless such amendment, termination, or waiver applies to all Investors or Key Holders, as the case may be, in the same fashion; provided, that Section 2.11, Section 2.12 and Section 6.1 as they each may apply to 1538716 Alberta Ltd. (or its permitted transferee or assign) may not be amended and the observance of any term thereof may not be waived without the written consent of 1538716 Alberta Ltd. (or its permitted transferee or assign); and provided, further, that Section 2.11, Section 2.12 and Section 6.1 as they each may apply to 1538731 Alberta Ltd. (or its permitted transferee or assign) may not be amended and the observance of any term thereof may not be waived without the written consent of 1538731 Alberta Ltd. (or its permitted transferee or assign). Schedule A and Schedule B hereto may be amended by the Company from time to time to add information regarding additional Investors or parties to this Agreement pursuant to Sections 6.1 and 6.9 without the consent of the other parties hereto. The Company shall give prompt notice of any amendment or termination hereof or waiver hereunder to any party hereto that did not consent in writing to such amendment, termination, or waiver. Any amendment, termination, or waiver effected in accordance with this Section 6.6 shall be binding on all parties hereto, regardless of whether any such party has consented thereto. No waivers of or exceptions to any term, condition, or provision of this Agreement, in any one or more instances, shall be deemed to be or construed as a further or continuing waiver of any such term, condition, or provision.
          6.7 Severability. In case any one or more of the provisions contained in this Agreement is for any reason held to be invalid, illegal or unenforceable in any respect, such invalidity, illegality, or unenforceability shall not affect any other provision of this Agreement, and such invalid, illegal, or unenforceable provision shall be reformed and construed so that it will be valid, legal, and enforceable to the maximum extent permitted by law.

21


 

          6.8 Aggregation of Stock. All shares of Registrable Securities held or acquired by Affiliates shall be aggregated together for the purpose of determining the availability of any rights under this Agreement and such Affiliated persons may apportion such rights as among themselves in any manner they deem appropriate.
          6.9 Additional Investors. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, if the Company issues additional shares of the Company’s Series C Preferred Stock after the date hereof, whether pursuant to the Purchase Agreement or otherwise, any purchaser of such shares of Series C Preferred Stock may become a party to this Agreement by executing and delivering an additional counterpart signature page to this Agreement, and thereafter shall be deemed an “Investor” for all purposes hereunder. No action or consent by the Investors shall be required for such joinder to this Agreement by such additional Investor, so long as such additional Investor has agreed in writing to be bound by all of the obligations as an “Investor” hereunder.
          6.10 Entire Agreement. This Agreement amends and restates the Prior Agreement in its entirety and renders the Prior Agreement null and void. This Agreement (including any Schedules and Exhibits hereto) constitutes the full and entire understanding and agreement among the parties with respect to the subject matter hereof, and any other written or oral agreement relating to the subject matter hereof existing between the parties is expressly canceled.
          6.11 Delays or Omissions. No delay or omission to exercise any right, power, or remedy accruing to any party under this Agreement, upon any breach or default of any other party under this Agreement, shall impair any such right, power, or remedy of such nonbreaching or nondefaulting party, nor shall it be construed to be a waiver of or acquiescence to any such breach or default, or to any similar breach or default thereafter occurring, nor shall any waiver of any single breach or default be deemed a waiver of any other breach or default theretofore or thereafter occurring. All remedies, whether under this Agreement or by law or otherwise afforded to any party, shall be cumulative and not alternative.
          6.12 Acknowledgment. The Company acknowledges that the Investors are in the business of venture capital investing and therefore review the business plans and related proprietary information of many enterprises, including enterprises which may have products or services which compete directly or indirectly with those of the Company. Nothing in this Agreement shall preclude or in any way restrict the Investors from investing or participating in any particular enterprise whether or not such enterprise has products or services which compete with those of the Company.
[Remainder of Page Intentionally Left Blank]

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          IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties have executed this Amended and Restated Investors’ Rights Agreement as of the date first written above.
         
  COMPANY:

KIOR, INC.

 
 
  By:   /s/ Fred Cannon    
    Name:   Fred Cannon   
    Title:   President   
 
    Address:
13001 Bay Park Road,
Pasadena, TX 77507 
 
 
Signature Page to Kior, Inc.
Amended and Restated Investors’ Rights Agreement

 


 

         
  INVESTORS:

Artis Partners, L.P.
Artis Partners 2X, L.P.
Artis Partners (Institutional), L.P.
Artis Partners 2X (Institutional), L.P.
Artis Aggressive Growth, L.P.

By: Artis Capital Management, L.P.
General Partner for Each Fund
 
 
  By:   /s/ Todd Moodey    
    Name:   Todd Moodey   
    Its: Chief Operating Officer   
 
  Address:
c/o Artis Capital Management, L.P.
One Market Plaza
Steuart Street Tower, Suite 2700
San Francisco, CA 94105
 
 
     
 
  Artis Partners Ltd.
Artis Partners 2X Ltd.
Artis Aggressive Growth Master Fund, L.P.

By: Artis Capital Management, L.P.
Investment Adviser and Attorney-In-Fact for
Each Fund
 
 
     
  By:   /s/ Todd Moodey    
    Name:   Todd Moodey   
    Its: Chief Operating Officer   
 
  Address:
c/o Artis Capital Management, L.P.
One Market Plaza
Steuart Street Tower, Suite 2700
San Francisco, CA 94105
 
 
     
 
Signature Page to Kior, Inc.
Amended and Restated Investors’ Rights Agreement

 


 

         
  Artis Private Growth Partners, L.P.
Artis Private Growth Partners Entrepreneurs Fund,
L.P.



By: Artis Private Growth Management, LLC
Investment Adviser and Attorney-In-Fact
 
 
  By:   /s/ Todd Moodey    
    Name:   Todd Moodey   
    Title:   Chief Operating Officer   
 
  Address:
c/o Artis Capital Management, L.P.
One Market Plaza
Steuart Street Tower, Suite 2700
San Francisco, CA 94105
 
 
 
  Artis Private Growth Partners II, L.P.
APG2, L.P.

By: Artis Private Growth Management II, LLC, General
Partner for Each Fund
 
 
  /s/ Todd Moodey    
  Name:   Todd Moodey   
  Title:   Chief Operating Officer   
 
  Address:
c/o Artis Capital Management, L.P.
One Market Plaza
Steuart Street Tower, Suite 2700
San Francisco, CA 94105
 
 
 
Signature Page to Kior, Inc.
Amended and Restated Investors’ Rights Agreement

 


 

         
  INVESTORS:

Khosla Ventures II, LP

By: Khosla Ventures Associates II, LLC, a
Delaware limited liability company and
general partner of Khosla Ventures II, LP
 
 
  By:   /s/ Samir Kaul    
    Name:   Samir Kaul   
    Title:   Member   
 
  Address:
3000 Sand Hill Road, Building 3, Suite 170
Menlo Park, CA 94025
Attn: Kim Totah
 
 
 
  Khosla Ventures III, LP

By: Khosla Ventures Associates III, LLC, a
Delaware limited liability company and
general partner of Khosla Ventures III, LP
 
 
  By:   /s/ Samir Kaul    
    Name:   Samir Kaul   
    Title:   Member   
 
  Address:
3000 Sand Hill Road, Building 3, Suite 170
Menlo Park, CA 94025
Attn: Kim Totah
 
 
 
Signature Page to Kior, Inc.
Amended and Restated Investors’ Rights Agreement

 


 

         
  INVESTORS:

LIGHTHOUSE CAPITAL PARTNERS VI, L.P.
 
 
  By:   Lighthouse Management Partners VI, LLC, its general partner 

 
  By:      
    Name:      
    Title:      
 
  Address:
3555 Alameda de las Pulgas, Suite 200
Menlo Park, CA 94025
 
 
 
  LEADER EQUITY, LLC

 
  By:   Leader Ventures, LLC,
its manager
  
 
  By:      
    Name:      
    Title:      
 
  Address:
311 California Street, Suite 420
San Francisco, CA 94104
 
 
 
Signature Page to Kior, Inc.
Amended and Restated Investors’ Rights Agreement

 


 

         
  INVESTORS:

1538731 Alberta Ltd.
 
 
  By:   /s/ Illegible    
    Name:      
    Title:      
 
  Address:
c/o Alberta Investment Management Corporation
1100 — 10830 Jasper Avenue
Edmonton, Alberta
T5J 2B3
Attention: Chief Legal Counsel and Corporate
Secretary
 
 
 
  1538716 Alberta Ltd.
 
 
  By:   /s/ Illegible    
    Name:      
    Title:      
 
  Address:
c/o Alberta Investment Management Corporation
1100 — 10830 Jasper Avenue
Edmonton, Alberta
T5J 2B3
Attention: Chief Legal Counsel and Corporate
Secretary
 
 
 
Signature Page to Kior, Inc.
Amended and Restated Investors’ Rights Agreement

 


 

         
  INVESTORS:

VK SERVICES, LLC
 
 
  By:      
    Name:   Vinod Khosla   
    Title:   Managing Member   
 
  ALEXANDER KINNIER
 
 
  By:      
    Name:   Alexander Kinnier   
       
 
  AADIK SHEKAR
 
 
  By:      
    Name:   Aadik Shekar   
       
 
  FOUAD TAMER
 
 
  By:      
    Name:   Fouad Tamer   
       
 
  KIMBERLY TOTAH
 
 
  By:      
    Name:   Kimberly Totah   
       
 
  DAVID WEIDEN
 
 
  By:      
    Name:   David Weiden   
 
Signature Page to Kior, Inc.
Amended and Restated Investors’ Rights Agreement

 


 

         
  INVESTORS:

THE KAUL FAMILY TRUST DATED JULY 20, 2009
 
 
  By:      
    Name:   Samir Kaul   
    Title:   Trustee   
 
  THE NIAM O. KAUL 2010 IRREVOCABLE TRUST
 
 
  By:      
    Name:   Pradman Kaul   
    Title:   Trustee   
 
  THE ELA KAUL 2010 IRREVOCABLE TRUST
 
 
  By:      
    Name:   Pradman Kaul   
    Title:   Trustee   
 
Signature Page to Kior, Inc.
Amended and Restated Investors’ Rights Agreement

 


 

         
  KEY HOLDERS:

BIOeCON B.V.

 
 
  By:   /s/ Paul O'Connor    
    Name:   Paul O'Connor   
    Title:   Director   
 
Signature Page to Kior, Inc.
Amended and Restated Investors’ Rights Agreement

 


 

SCHEDULE A
INVESTORS
Khosla Ventures II, LP
3000 Sand Hill Road, Building 3, Suite 170
Menlo Park, CA 94025
Attn: Kim Totah
Khosla Ventures III, LP
3000 Sand Hill Road, Building 3, Suite 170
Menlo Park, CA 94025
Attn: Kim Totah
Artis Partners, L.P.
c/o Artis Capital Management, L.P.
One Market Plaza
Steuart Street Tower, Suite 2700
San Francisco, CA 94105
Artis Partners 2X, L.P.
c/o Artis Capital Management, L.P.
One Market Plaza
Steuart Street Tower, Suite 2700
San Francisco, CA 94105
Artis Partners (Institutional), L.P.
c/o Artis Capital Management, L.P.
One Market Plaza
Steuart Street Tower, Suite 2700
San Francisco, CA 94105
Artis Partners 2X (Institutional), L.P.
c/o Artis Capital Management, L.P.
One Market Plaza
Steuart Street Tower, Suite 2700
San Francisco, CA 94105
Artis Aggressive Growth, L.P.
c/o Artis Capital Management, L.P.
One Market Plaza
Steuart Street Tower, Suite 2700
San Francisco, CA 94105

 


 

Artis Partners Ltd.
c/o Artis Capital Management, L.P.
One Market Plaza
Steuart Street Tower, Suite 2700
San Francisco, CA 94105
Artis Partners 2X Ltd.
c/o Artis Capital Management, L.P.
One Market Plaza
Steuart Street Tower, Suite 2700
San Francisco, CA 94105
Artis Aggressive Growth Master Fund, L.P.
c/o Artis Capital Management, L.P.
One Market Plaza
Steuart Street Tower, Suite 2700
San Francisco, CA 94105
Artis Private Growth Partners, L.P.
c/o Artis Capital Management, L.P.
One Market Plaza
Steuart Street Tower, Suite 2700
San Francisco, CA 94105
Artis Private Growth Partners II, L.P.
c/o Artis Capital Management, L.P.
One Market Plaza
Steuart Street Tower, Suite 2700
San Francisco, CA 94105
Artis Private Growth Partners Entrepreneurs Fund, L.P.
c/o Artis Capital Management, L.P.
One Market Plaza
Steuart Street Tower, Suite 2700
San Francisco, CA 94105
APG2, L.P.
c/o Artis Capital Management, L.P.
One Market Plaza
Steuart Street Tower, Suite 2700
San Francisco, CA 94105
Lighthouse Capital Partners VI, L.P.
3555 Alameda de las Pulgas, Suite 200
Menlo Park, CA 94025

 


 

Leader Equity, LLC
311 California Street, Suite 420
San Francisco, CA 94104
1538731 Alberta Ltd.
c/o Alberta Investment Management Corporation
1100 — 10830 Jasper Avenue
Edmonton, Alberta
T5J 2B3
Attention: Chief Legal Counsel and Corporate Secretary
1538716 Alberta Ltd.
c/o Alberta Investment Management Corporation
1100 — 10830 Jasper Avenue
Edmonton, Alberta
T5J 2B3
Attention: Chief Legal Counsel and Corporate Secretary
VK Services, LLC
c/o Khosla Ventures
3000 Sand Hill Road, Building 3, Suite 170
Menlo Park, CA 94025
Alexander Kinnier
c/o Khosla Ventures
3000 Sand Hill Road, Building 3, Suite 170
Menlo Park, CA 94025
Aadik Shekar
c/o Khosla Ventures
3000 Sand Hill Road, Building 3, Suite 170
Menlo Park, CA 94025
Fouad Tamer
c/o Khosla Ventures
3000 Sand Hill Road, Building 3, Suite 170
Menlo Park, CA 94025
Kimberly Totah
c/o Khosla Ventures
3000 Sand Hill Road, Building 3, Suite 170
Menlo Park, CA 94025

 


 

David Weiden
c/o Khosla Ventures
3000 Sand Hill Road, Building 3, Suite 170
Menlo Park, CA 94025
The Kaul Family Trust dated July 20, 2009
c/o Khosla Ventures
3000 Sand Hill Road, Building 3, Suite 170
Menlo Park, CA 94025
The Ela Kaul 2010 Irrevocable Trust
c/o Khosla Ventures
3000 Sand Hill Road, Building 3, Suite 170
Menlo Park, CA 94025
The Niam O. Kaul 2010 Irrevocable Trust
c/o Khosla Ventures
3000 Sand Hill Road, Building 3, Suite 170
Menlo Park, CA 94025

 


 

SCHEDULE B
KEY HOLDERS
BIOeCON B.V.
Hogebrinkerweg 15 e
3871 KM Hoevelaken
The Netherlands