This Change of Control Severance Agreement (the Agreement) is made and entered into effective as of January 11, 2006 (the Effective Date), by and between Pamela R. Contag, Ph.D., (the Employee) and Xenogen Corporation, a Delaware corporation (the Company). Certain capitalized terms used in this Agreement are defined in Section 1 below.
R E C I T A L S
A. It is expected that the Company from time to time will consider the possibility of a Change of Control. The Board of Directors of the Company (the Board) recognizes that such consideration can be a distraction to the Employee and can cause the Employee to consider alternative employment opportunities.
B. The Board believes that it is in the best interests of the Company and its stockholders to provide the Employee with an incentive to continue her employment and to maximize the value of the Company upon a Change of Control for the benefit of its stockholders.
C. In order to provide the Employee with enhanced financial security and sufficient encouragement to remain with the Company, the Board believes that it is imperative to provide the Employee with certain benefits upon the Employees termination of employment following a Change of Control.
In consideration of the mutual covenants herein contained and the continued employment of Employee by the Company, the parties agree as follows:
1. Definition of Terms. The following terms referred to in this Agreement shall have the following meanings:
(a) Cause. Cause shall mean (i) any act of personal dishonesty taken by the Employee in connection with her responsibilities as an employee which is intended to result in substantial personal enrichment of the Employee, (ii) Employees conviction of a felony which the Board reasonably believes has had or will have a material detrimental effect on the Companys reputation or business, (iii) a willful act by the Employee which constitutes misconduct and is injurious to the Company, or (iv) continued willful violations by the Employee of the Employees obligations to the Company after there has been delivered to the Employee a written demand for performance from the Company which describes the basis for the Companys belief that the Employee has not substantially performed her duties.
(b) Change of Control. Change of Control shall mean the occurrence of any of the following events:
(i) the signing of an agreement by the Company and another entity relating to a merger or consolidation of the Company with the other entity, other than a merger or consolidation which would result in the voting securities of the Company outstanding immediately prior thereto continuing to represent (either by remaining outstanding or by being converted into voting securities of the surviving entity) more than fifty percent (50%) of the total voting power represented by the voting securities of the Company or such surviving entity outstanding immediately after such merger or consolidation;
(ii) the approval by the stockholders of the Company of a plan of complete liquidation of the Company or the signing of an agreement by the Company and another entity relating to the sale or disposition by the Company of all or substantially all of the Companys assets to the other entity;
(iii) any person (as such term is used in Sections 13(d) and 14(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) becoming the beneficial owner (as defined in Rule 13d-3 under said Act), directly or indirectly, of securities of the Company representing 50% or more of the total voting power represented by the Companys then outstanding voting securities; or
(iv) a change in the composition of the Board, as a result of which fewer than a majority of the directors are Incumbent Directors. Incumbent Directors shall mean directors who either (A) are directors of the Company as of the date hereof, or (B) are elected, or nominated for election, to the Board with the affirmative votes of at least a majority of those directors whose election or nomination was not in connection with any transactions described in subsections (i), (ii), or (iii) or in connection with an actual or threatened proxy contest relating to the election of directors of the Company.
(c) Involuntary Termination. Involuntary Termination shall mean (i) without the Employees express written consent, a significant reduction of the Employees duties, position or responsibilities relative to the Employees duties, position or responsibilities in effect immediately prior to such reduction, or the removal of the Employee from such position, duties and responsibilities; provided, however, that a reduction in duties, position or responsibilities solely by virtue of the Company being acquired and made part of a larger entity (as, for example, when the Chief Financial Officer of the Company remains as such following a Change of Control but is not made the Chief Financial Officer of the acquiring corporation) shall not constitute an Involuntary Termination; (ii) without the Employees express written consent, a reduction by the Company of the Employees base salary as in effect immediately prior to such reduction; (iii) without the Employees express written consent, a material reduction by the Company in the kind or level of employee benefits (including cash and stock bonus plans) to which the Employee is entitled immediately prior to such reduction with the result that the Employees overall benefits package is significantly reduced; (iv) without the Employees express written consent, the relocation of the Employee to a facility or a location which increases Employees one-way commute from Employees residence at the time of the Change of Control by more than ten (10) miles; (v) any purported termination of the Employee by the Company which is not effected for Cause; or (vi) the failure of the Company to obtain the assumption of this Agreement by any successors contemplated in Section 6 below.
(d) Termination Date. Termination Date shall mean the effective date of any notice of termination delivered by one party to the other hereunder.
(e) Change of Control Effective Date. Change of Control Effective Date shall mean the effective date of a Change of Control described in Section 1(b)(iii) and Section 1(b)(iv) and shall mean the effective date of the transaction approved by stockholders and described in Section 1(b)(i) and Section 1(b)(ii).
2. Term of Agreement. Other than Section 4(c) of this Agreement which shall survive indefinitely until all obligations under such Section have been satisfied, this Agreement shall terminate upon the earlier of (i) one (1) year after a Change of Control Effective Date (except that the termination of this Agreement pursuant to Section 2(i) will not terminate the Companys obligation to continued payment of severance benefits under Section 4 with respect to an Involuntary Termination of the Employee occurring after a Change of Control and prior to the one-year anniversary of the Change of Control Effective Date), (ii) the date that all obligations of the parties hereto under this Agreement have been satisfied or (iii) the date, prior to a Change of Control, the Employee is no longer employed by the Company.
3. At-Will Employment. The Company and the Employee acknowledge that the Employees employment is and shall continue to be at-will, as defined under applicable law. If the Employees employment terminates for any reason, the Employee shall not be entitled to any payments, benefits, damages, awards or compensation other than as provided by this Agreement, as required by applicable law or as may otherwise be established under the Companys then existing employee benefit plans or policies at the time of termination.
4. Change of Control and Severance Benefits.
(a) Termination Following A Change of Control. If the Employees employment with the Company terminates as a result of an Involuntary Termination at any time after a Change of Control and prior to the twelve-month anniversary of the Change of Control Effective Date, and the Employee delivers an effective release of claims as required under and does not breach the covenants specified in Sections 7(a) and 7(b) below, the Employee shall be entitled to the following severance benefits:
(i) The Company shall continue to pay to the Employee an amount equal to eighteen (18) months of the Employees then-current base salary in equal installments paid in the same amounts as received prior to the termination, less applicable withholdings and in accordance with the Companys standard payroll practices, for the period beginning on the date of termination and ending on March 15 of the year following the year of termination with the last payment equal to the remaining amount of severance payments owed.
(ii) Reimbursement of Employees expenses for continuing her health care coverage and the coverage of her dependents who are covered at the time of the Involuntary Termination under the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985, as amended (COBRA), for a period ending on the earlier of the date that is eighteen (18) months after the date
of termination or the date on which Employee becomes eligible to be covered by the health care plans of another employer; provided however that any Company obligation under this paragraph requires that Employee timely elect COBRA continuation coverage as required by applicable law.
(b) Other Terminations. If the Employees employment with the Company is terminated, other than as a result of an Involuntary Termination, following a Change of Control, then the Employee shall not be entitled to the benefits of Section 4(a) of this Agreement.
(c) Accrued Wages and Vacation, Expenses. Without regard to the reason for, or the timing of, the Employees termination of employment: (i) the Company shall pay the Employee any unpaid base salary due for periods prior to and including the Termination Date; (ii) the Company shall pay the Employee all of the Employees accrued and unused vacation through the Termination Date; and (iii) following submission of proper expense reports by the Employee, the Company shall reimburse the Employee for all expenses reasonably and necessarily incurred by the Employee in connection with the business of the Company prior to the Termination Date. These payments shall be made promptly upon termination and within the period of time mandated by law.
5. Limitation on Payments. In the event it shall be determined that any compensation by or benefit from the Company to the Employee or for the Employees benefit, whether pursuant to the terms of this Agreement or otherwise (collectively, the Payments), (i) constitute parachute payments within the meaning of Section 280G of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the Code), and (ii) would be subject to the excise tax imposed by Section 4999 of the Code (the Excise Tax), then the Employees benefits under this Agreement shall be either:
(a) delivered in full, or
(b) delivered as to such lesser extent which would result in no portion of such benefits being subject to the Excise Tax,
whichever of the foregoing amounts, taking into account the applicable federal, state and local income taxes and the Excise Tax, results in the receipt by the Employee on an after-tax basis of the greatest amount of benefits, notwithstanding that all or some portion of such benefits may be taxable under Section 4999 of the Code.
Unless the Company and the Employee otherwise agree in writing, any determination required under this Section shall be made in writing by the Companys independent public accountants (the Accountants), whose determination shall be conclusive and binding upon the Employee and the Company for all purposes. For purposes of making the calculations required by this Section, the Accountants may make reasonable assumptions and approximations concerning applicable taxes and may rely on reasonable, good faith interpretations concerning the application of Sections 280G and 4999 of the Code. The Company and the Employee shall furnish to the Accountants such information and documents as the Accountants may reasonably request in order to make a determination under this Section. The Company shall bear all costs the Accountants may reasonably incur in connection with any calculations contemplated by this Section.
(a) Companys Successors. Any successor to the Company (whether direct or indirect and whether by purchase, lease, merger, consolidation, liquidation or otherwise) to all or substantially all of the Companys business and/or assets shall assume the Companys obligations under this Agreement and agree expressly to perform the Companys obligations under this Agreement in the same manner and to the same extent as the Company would be required to perform such obligations in the absence of a succession. For all purposes under this Agreement, the term Company shall include any successor to the Companys business and/or assets which executes and delivers the assumption agreement described in this subsection (a) or which becomes bound by the terms of this Agreement by operation of law.
(b) Employees Successors. Without the written consent of the Company, Employee shall not assign or transfer this Agreement or any right or obligation under this Agreement to any other person or entity. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the terms of this Agreement and all rights of Employee hereunder shall inure to the benefit of, and be enforceable by, Employees personal or legal representatives, executors, administrators, successors, heirs, distributees, devisees and legatees.
7. Conditions to Receiving Severance under Section 4.
(a) Execution of Release Agreement upon Termination. As a condition of entering into this Agreement and receiving the benefits under Section 4, the Employee shall execute and not revoke a general release of claims upon the termination of employment with the Company, which will also confirm the restrictive covenants set forth in Section 7(b) and any other post-termination restrictions applicable to the Employee.
(b) Restrictive Covenants. At the time of any Involuntary Termination triggering the payment of any severance benefits hereunder, Employee shall refrain from competing with the Company and its business for a period of eighteen (18) months following such Involuntary Termination and from soliciting or hiring any Company employees or customers for a period of eighteen (18) months following such Involuntary Termination.
(a) General. Notices and all other communications contemplated by this Agreement shall be in writing and shall be deemed to have been duly given when personally delivered or when mailed by U.S. registered or certified mail, return receipt requested and postage prepaid. In the case of the Employee, mailed notices shall be addressed to her at the home address which she most recently communicated to the Company in writing. In the case of the Company, mailed notices shall be addressed to its corporate headquarters, and all notices shall be directed to the attention of its Secretary.
(b) Notice of Termination. Any termination by the Company with or without Cause or by the Employee as a result of a voluntary resignation or an Involuntary Termination shall be communicated by a notice of termination to the other party hereto given in accordance with this Section. Any such notice provided by the Company under circumstances constituting a for-Cause termination, or by the Employee under circumstances constituting an Involuntary Termination shall indicate the specific termination provision in this Agreement relied upon, shall set forth in reasonable detail the facts and circumstances claimed to provide a basis for termination under the provision so indicated, and shall specify the Termination Date (which shall be not more than 30 days after the giving of such notice). The failure by either party to include in the notice any fact or circumstance which contributes to a showing of a for-Cause termination or an Involuntary Termination shall not waive any right of such party hereunder or preclude such party from asserting such fact or circumstance in enforcing such partys rights hereunder.
(a) Any dispute or controversy arising out of, relating to, or in connection with this Agreement, or the interpretation, validity, construction, performance, breach, or termination thereof, shall be settled by binding arbitration to be held in Alameda County in accordance with the National Rules for the Resolution of Employment Disputes then in effect of the American Arbitration Association (the Rules). The arbitrator may grant injunctions or other relief in such dispute or controversy. The decision of the arbitrator shall be final, conclusive and binding on the parties to the arbitration. Judgment may be entered on the arbitrators decision in any court having jurisdiction.
(b) The arbitrator(s) shall apply California law to the merits of any dispute or claim, without reference to conflicts of law rules. The arbitration proceedings shall be governed by federal arbitration law and by the Rules, without reference to state arbitration law. Employee hereby consents to the personal jurisdiction of the state and federal courts located in California for any action or proceeding arising from or relating to this Agreement or relating to any arbitration in which the parties are participants.
(c) Employee understands that nothing in this Section modifies Employees at-will employment status. Either Employee or the Company can terminate the employment relationship at any time, with or without Cause.
(d) EMPLOYEE HAS READ AND UNDERSTANDS THIS SECTION, WHICH DISCUSSES ARBITRATION. EMPLOYEE UNDERSTANDS THAT SUBMITTING ANY CLAIMS ARISING OUT OF, RELATING TO, OR IN CONNECTION WITH THIS AGREEMENT, OR THE INTERPRETATION, VALIDITY, CONSTRUCTION, PERFORMANCE, BREACH OR TERMINATION THEREOF TO BINDING ARBITRATION, CONSTITUTES A WAIVER OF EMPLOYEES RIGHT TO A JURY TRIAL AND RELATES TO THE RESOLUTION OF ALL DISPUTES RELATING TO ALL ASPECTS OF THE EMPLOYER/EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIP, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE FOLLOWING CLAIMS:
(i) ANY AND ALL CLAIMS FOR WRONGFUL DISCHARGE OF EMPLOYMENT; BREACH OF CONTRACT, BOTH EXPRESS AND IMPLIED; BREACH OF THE COVENANT OF GOOD FAITH AND FAIR DEALING, BOTH EXPRESS AND IMPLIED; NEGLIGENT OR INTENTIONAL INFLICTION OF EMOTIONAL DISTRESS; NEGLIGENT OR INTENTIONAL MISREPRESENTATION; NEGLIGENT OR INTENTIONAL INTERFERENCE WITH CONTRACT OR PROSPECTIVE ECONOMIC ADVANTAGE; AND DEFAMATION;
(ii) ANY AND ALL CLAIMS FOR VIOLATION OF ANY FEDERAL STATE OR MUNICIPAL STATUTE, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1991, THE AGE DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT ACT OF 1967, THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT OF 1990, THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT, THE CALIFORNIA FAIR EMPLOYMENT AND HOUSING ACT, AND LABOR CODE SECTION 201, et seq.; and
(iii) ANY AND ALL CLAIMS ARISING OUT OF ANY OTHER LAWS AND REGULATIONS RELATING TO EMPLOYMENT OR EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION.
10. Miscellaneous Provisions.
(a) Effect of Statutory Benefits. To the extent that any severance benefits are required to be paid to the Employee upon termination of employment with the Company as a result of any requirement of law or any governmental entity in any applicable jurisdiction, the aggregate amount of severance benefits payable pursuant to Section 4 hereof shall be reduced by such amount.
(b) No Duty to Mitigate. The Employee shall not be required to mitigate the amount of any payment contemplated by this Agreement, nor shall any such payment be reduced by any earnings that the Employee may receive from any other source.
(c) Waiver. No provision of this Agreement may be modified, waived or discharged unless the modification, waiver or discharge is agreed to in writing and signed by the Employee and by an authorized officer of the Company (other than the Employee). No waiver by either party of any breach of, or of compliance with, any condition or provision of this Agreement by the other party shall be considered a waiver of any other condition or provision or of the same condition or provision at another time.
(d) Integration. This Agreement represents the entire agreement and understanding between the parties as to the subject matter herein and supersedes all prior or contemporaneous agreements, whether written or oral, with respect to this Agreement, provided, that, for clarification purposes, this Agreement shall not affect any agreements between the Company and Employee regarding intellectual property matters or confidential information of the Company.
(e) Choice of Law. The validity, interpretation, construction and performance of this Agreement shall be governed by the internal substantive laws, but not the conflicts of law rules, of the State of California.
(f) Severability. The invalidity or unenforceability of any provision or provisions of this Agreement shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision hereof, which shall remain in full force and effect.
(g) Employment Taxes. Employees agrees that she is responsible for any applicable taxes of any nature (including any penalties or interest that may apply to such taxes) that the Company reasonably determines apply to any payment made hereunder, that her receipt of any benefit hereunder is conditioned on her satisfaction of any applicable withholding or similar obligations that apply to such benefit, and that any cash payment owed hereunder will be reduced to satisfy any such withholding or similar obligations that may apply. The parties mutual intent in entering into this Agreement is that none of the payment arrangements hereunder constitute a deferral of compensation under Internal Revenue Code Section 409A (Section 409A), and they agree that this Agreement will be interpreted in a manner consistent with that intent. They acknowledge, though, that uncertainty exists with respect to certain interpretive issues under Section 409A. Accordingly, notwithstanding anything else to the contrary contained herein, the parties agree that, to the extent the Company in good faith determines both that any payment provided for hereunder constitutes a deferral of compensation under Section 409A and that Employee is as of the relevant date a key employee (as defined in Section 409A(a)(2)(B)(i)), then no amounts shall be payable to Employee hereunder prior to the earlier of (a) Employees death following the date of employment termination, or (b) the date that is six months following the date of Employees separation from service with the Company (within the meaning of Section 409A). The parties agree to cooperate to make such amendments to the terms of this Agreement as may be necessary to avoid the imposition of penalties and additional taxes under Section 409A; provided however that no such amendment shall materially increase the cost to, or impose any additional liability on, the Company with respect to any benefits contemplated or provided hereunder.
(h) Counterparts. This Agreement may be executed in counterparts, each of which shall be deemed an original, but all of which together will constitute one and the same instrument.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, each of the parties has executed this Agreement, in the case of the Company by its duly authorized officer, as of the day and year first above written.
/s/ JASON M. BRADY
Vice President and General Counsel
/s/ PAMELA R. CONTAG
Pamela R. Contag