. The purposes of the ODYSSEY RE HOLDINGS CORP. STOCK OPTION PLAN
amended from time to time (the Plan
), are to advance the interests of Odyssey Re Holdings
Corp., a Delaware
corporation, and any successor thereto (the Company
), by linking the
personal interests of participants to those of the Companys stockholders by providing participants
with an incentive for outstanding performance. The Plan is further intended to assist the Company
in its ability to motivate, and retain the services of, participants upon whose judgment, interest
and special effort the successful conduct of the Companys and its Subsidiaries (as such term is
defined below) operations is largely dependent.
2. Definitions and Rules of Construction.
(a) Definitions. For purposes of the Plan, the following capitalized words shall have
the meanings set forth below:
Award means an Option granted pursuant to Section 7 of the Prior Plan.
Award Document means an agreement, certificate or other type or form of
document or documentation approved by the Committee which sets forth the terms and conditions
of an Award. An Award Document may be in written, electronic or other media, may be limited
to a notation on the books and records of the Company and, unless the Committee requires
otherwise, need not be signed by a representative of the Company or a Participant.
Board means the Board of Directors of the Company.
Book Value Per Share or BVPS means the total shareholders equity of
the Company attributable to the common equity as of an applicable Quarter Date, as adjusted
for dividends, capital contributions or other extraordinary events (in each case, as
determined by the Board or the Committee in its sole discretion), divided by
Code means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended from time to time,
and the rules and regulations (including any proposed regulations) promulgated thereunder.
Committee means the Compensation Committee of the Board, or such other
committee of the Board as may be designated from time to time by the Board to administer the
Common Stock means the common stock of the Company.
Date of Grant means the date of grant of an Award as set forth in the
applicable Award Document.
Disability shall have the meaning set forth in Section 22(e) of the Code.
Effective Date means May 23, 2001.
Effective Time means October 28, 2009, at 1:19 P.M., the date and time at
which the Merger became effective, as set forth in Section 2.03 of the Merger Agreement.
Employee means a director or an employee of the Company or of any Subsidiary
(including, without limitation, a common law employee and an individual who provides
substantial service for the Company or any Subsidiary pursuant to a contractual arrangement
entered into by and between the Company or any Subsidiary and an independent entity).
Exchange Act means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended from time
to time, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.
Fairfax means Fairfax Financial Holdings Limited.
Merger means the merger of Fairfax Investments USA Corp. with and into the
Company as contemplated by the Merger Agreement.
Merger Agreement means the Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of September
18, 2009, entered into by and among Fairfax, Fairfax Investments USA Corp., and the Company.
Option means a nonqualified stock option granted under Section 7, which is not
an incentive stock option within the meaning of Section 422 of the Code.
Participant means an individual who has been granted an Award.
Prime Rate means the rate which Citibank, N.A. announces from time to time at
its principal office as its prime lending rate for domestic commercial loans, the Prime Rate
to change when and as such prime lending rate changes.
Prior Plan means the Plan as in effect immediately prior to the Effective
Pro Rata Portion means, in respect of a particular Option on a particular
date, the portion represented by the fraction A divided by B, where A is the number
of days from (but excluding) the date the particular Option was granted until (and including)
the particular date and B is the number of days from (but excluding) the date the particular
Option was granted until (and including) the date when that Option would have been fully
Quarter Date means, with respect to any date, the last day of the most
recently completed quarter of the Company for which Fairfax has publicly released its
earnings report, or in the event that Fairfax does not intend to publicly release an earnings
report, for which financial statements that report the Companys book value are available.
Retirement Age means the age regarded by the Company or a Subsidiary as the
normal retirement age for its employees in general, based upon the Companys or the
Subsidiarys normal employment and related policies and practices.
REVR means a restricted equity value right to receive a cash payment based on
the REVR Value upon the exercise of an Option in accordance with Section 7 of the Plan and
the applicable Award Document.
REVR Value means BVPS as of the applicable Quarter Date.
Shares means the shares of Common Stock and any shares or other securities
into which such Shares have been for whatever reason changed or which have for whatever
reason been substituted for, or distributed (as a dividend or otherwise) upon, such Shares.
Subsidiary means any (i) corporation if fifty percent (50%) or more of the
total combined voting power of all classes of stock is owned, either directly or indirectly,
by the Company or another Subsidiary or (ii) limited liability company if fifty percent (50%)
or more of the membership interests is owned, either directly or indirectly, by the Company
or another Subsidiary.
Termination of Employment means a Participants termination of employment or
directorship with the Company or a Subsidiary for any reason whatsoever (including, without
limitation, as a result of termination by the Company or a
Subsidiary without cause) at a time when the Participant is not (and is not imminently
about to be) an employee or a director of either the Company or any Subsidiary.
(b) Rules of Construction. The masculine pronoun shall be deemed to include the
feminine pronoun and the singular form of a word shall be deemed to include the plural form, unless
the context requires otherwise. Unless the text indicates otherwise, references to sections are to
sections of the Plan.
(a) Power and Authority of the Committee. The Plan shall be administered by the
Committee, which shall have full power and authority, subject to the express provisions hereof:
(i) to select Participants;
(ii) to make Awards in accordance with the Plan;
(iii) to determine the number of REVRs or other securities subject to each Award;
(iv) to determine the terms and conditions of each Award, including, without
limitation, those related to transferability, vesting, forfeiture and exercisability
and the effect, if any, of a Participants Termination of Employment, and including
the authority to adjust the terms of an Award to comply with the laws of any
(v) to determine the BVPS and the REVR Value applicable to each Award;
(vi) to amend the terms and conditions of an Award after the granting thereof to a
Participant in a manner that either is not prejudicial to the rights of such Participant in
such Award or has been consented to in writing by the Participant;
(vii) to specify and approve the provisions of the Award Documents delivered to
Participants in connection with their Awards;
(viii) to construe and interpret any Award Document delivered under the Plan;
(ix) to prescribe, amend and rescind rules and procedures relating to the Plan;
(x) subject to the provisions of the Plan and subject to such additional limitations and
restrictions as the Committee may impose, to delegate to one or more officers of the Company
some or all of its authority under the Plan;
(xi) to adopt, on behalf of the Company, one or more sub-plans applicable to separate
classes of Participants who are subject to the laws of jurisdictions outside of the United
(xii) to employ such legal counsel, independent auditors and consultants as it deems
desirable for the administration of the Plan and to rely upon any opinion or computation
received therefrom; and
(xiii) to make all other determinations (including, without limitation, factual
determinations) and to formulate such procedures as may be necessary or advisable for the
administration of the Plan.
(b) Plan Construction and Interpretation. The Committee shall have full power and
authority, subject to the express provisions hereof, to construe and interpret the Plan.
(c) Determinations of Committee Final and Binding. All determinations by the
Committee in carrying out and administering the Plan and in construing and interpreting the Plan
shall be final, binding and conclusive for all purposes and upon all interested persons. Every
action, including an exercise of discretion by the Committee, is wholly without precedent value for
4. Common Stock Subject to the Plan. Effective as of the Effective Time, no Common
Stock shall be issued under the Plan with respect to any Award.
5. Participation. Effective as of the Effective Time, no additional Awards shall be
granted to any Employee or Participant.
6. Award Document. The terms and provisions of each Award may be set forth in an
Award Document in a form approved by the Committee, which shall incorporate the Plan by reference.
The exercise price, vesting, forfeiture, exercisability conditions and other restrictions
applicable to an Award (which may include, without limitation, restrictions on transferability)
shall be determined by the Committee and may be set forth in the applicable Award Document.
7. Stock Options.
(a) Awards; Generally. Pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, as of the
Effective Time, each share of Common Stock underlying an Option shall be cancelled and converted
into a REVR. Each Option shall be subject to the terms and conditions,
including, without limitation, vesting schedule and forfeiture, that were applicable to the
Option prior to the Effective Time (other than the right to receive Common Stock) in accordance
with this Section 7 and any applicable Award Document. A Participant shall not have any
stockholder rights with respect to a REVR, including, without limitation, the right to vote or to
Upon the vesting of an Option, the Participant shall be deemed to have exercised such Option
unless such Participant notifies the Company in writing at least fourteen (14) days prior to the
applicable vesting date that he or she elects not to exercise the Option. The REVR Value of an
Option shall be based on the BVPS as of the applicable vesting date of such Option. In the event a
Participant elects not to exercise an Option upon the applicable vesting date, the REVR Value shall
not be subject to any future increase or decrease; provided, however, that the REVR
Value shall be credited with the Prime Rate, compounded annually, from the applicable vesting date
until the date that the Participant exercises such Option. Upon the exercise of an Option, a
Participant shall receive, within thirty (30) days of the date of exercise, the difference between
(x) the REVR Value of such Option and (y) the exercise price of such Option, in cash, plus any
interest accrued on the REVR Value between the applicable vesting date of such Option and the
exercise date of such Option. An Option shall be exercisable during such period(s) as shall be
determined by the Committee and set forth in the Award Document relating to such Option and the
Committee may extend the term of an Option after the Date of Grant. An Option which is not
exercised during its period of exercisability shall expire.
(b) Exercise Price. The exercise price of an Option shall be fixed by the Committee
on the Date of Grant or, alternatively, shall be determined by a method specified by the Committee
on the Date of Grant.
(c) Method of Exercise. Subject to the provisions of the applicable Award Document,
the exercise price of an Option (if any) may be paid in cash or pursuant to such procedures as may
be established by the Committee from time to time.
(d) Death; Disability; Reaching Retirement Age and Termination of Employment. The
following provisions apply to the unvested portion of an Option held by a Participant except to the
extent, if any, otherwise provided in the applicable Award Document:
(i) upon a Participants Termination of Employment, the unvested portion of the Option
shall be forfeited and cancelled without any payment to such Participant and shall not be
exercisable in whole or in part unless otherwise provided by the Committee, the Plan or the
applicable Award Document;
(ii) upon the Participants Termination of Employment due to death or Disability, the
Pro Rata Portion of the unvested portion of an Option shall immediately vest and the
remainder of such unvested portion shall immediately expire and shall not be exercisable in
whole or in part; and
(iii) upon the Participant reaching Retirement Age, the unvested portion of an Option
shall immediately vest in full.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Board may in any particular case, in its sole discretion
and without precedent value, suspend or vary the operation of the foregoing provisions, upon such
terms and to such extent as it may determine, but only in a manner that is not adverse to the
Participant and complies with applicable laws and stock exchange rules.
(a) Exercise of Vested Option Following Termination of Employment. Upon a
Participants Termination of Employment (including by reason of death, Disability or reaching
Retirement Age), the Participant shall, except to the extent, if any, otherwise provided in the
applicable Award Document, retain the right to exercise the vested portion of any Option held by
such Participant for the applicable term of the Option.
8. General Provisions.
(a) Non-Transferability of Award. Unless the Committee determines otherwise in its sole
discretion, no Award or amount payable under, or interest in, the Plan shall be transferable by a
Participant except by will or the laws of descent and distribution or otherwise be subject in any
manner to anticipation, alienation, sale, transfer, assignment, pledge, encumbrance or charge;
provided, however, that the Committee may, in its sole discretion and subject to such terms and
conditions as it shall specify, permit the transfer of an Award for no consideration to a
Participants family members or to one or more trusts or partnerships established in whole or in
part for the benefit of one or more of such family members (collectively, Permitted Transferees).
Any Award transferred to a Permitted Transferee shall be further transferable only by will or the
laws of descent and distribution or, for no consideration, to another Permitted Transferee of the
Participant. The Committee may, in its sole discretion, permit transfers of Awards other than
those contemplated by this Section 8(a). During the lifetime of the Participant, an Option shall
be exercisable only by the Participant or by a Permitted Transferee to whom such Option has been
transferred in accordance with this Section 8(a).
(b) No Right to Continued Employment. No Employee or Participant shall have any claim or
right to receive grants of Awards under the Plan. Nothing in the Plan or in any Award or Award
Document shall confer upon any Employee any right to continued employment or directorship with the
Company or any Subsidiary or interfere in any way with the right of the Company or any Subsidiary
to terminate the employment or directorship of any of its Employees at any time, with or without
cause. Each Participant, by accepting an Award, agrees with the Company and its Subsidiaries that
he or she will not be entitled to any damages, payment or claim with respect to or as a result of
any forfeiture of the Award that occurs as a result of the termination of the Participants
employment or directorship with the Company or any Subsidiary, regardless of the reason for or
circumstances of such employment or
directorship termination, or whether such employment or directorship termination was or was
not wrongful and of whether or not the period of notice of termination given to the Participant was
(c) Consent to Plan. By accepting any Award or other benefit under the Plan, each Participant
and each person claiming under or through such Participant shall be conclusively deemed to have
indicated his acceptance and ratification of, and consent to, any action taken under the Plan by
the Company, the Board or the Committee.
(d) Wage and Tax Withholding. The Company or any Subsidiary is authorized to withhold from
any Award or payment in respect of an Award or any compensation or other payment to a Participant
amounts of withholding and other taxes due in connection with any Award, and to take such other
action as the Committee may deem necessary or advisable to enable the Company and the Participants
to satisfy obligations for the payment of withholding taxes and other tax obligations relating to
any Award. This authority shall include authority for the Company to withhold or receive cash
payments or other property and to make cash payments in respect thereof in satisfaction of a
Participants tax obligations, either on a mandatory or elective basis in the sole discretion of
(e) Compliance with Securities Laws. An Award may not be exercised, and no payment may be
made in respect of an Award, unless the payment complies with all applicable securities laws.
(f) Unfunded Plan. The Plan is intended to constitute an unfunded plan for incentive
compensation. Nothing contained in the Plan (or in any Award Documents or other documentation
related thereto) shall give any Participant any rights that are greater than those of a general
creditor of the Company; provided, however, that the Committee may authorize the creation of trusts
and deposit therein cash or other property or make other arrangements to meet the Companys
obligations under the Plan or make payments with respect to Awards Such trusts or other
arrangements shall be consistent with the unfunded status of the Plan unless the Committee
determines otherwise. The trustee of such trusts may be authorized to dispose of trust assets and
reinvest the proceeds in alternative investments, subject to such terms and conditions as the
Committee may specify.
(g) Other Employee Benefit Plans. Payments received by a Participant under any Award made
pursuant to the Plan shall not be included in, nor have any effect on, the determination of
benefits under any other employee benefit plan or similar arrangement provided by the Company,
unless otherwise specifically provided for under the terms of such plan or arrangement or by the
(h) Compliance with Rule 16b-3. Notwithstanding anything contained in the Plan or in any
Award Document to the contrary, if the consummation of any transaction under the Plan would result
in the possible imposition of liability on a Participant pursuant to Section 16(b) of the Exchange
Act, the Committee shall have the right, in its sole discretion, but shall not be obligated, to
transaction or the effectiveness of such action to the extent necessary to avoid such
liability, but in no event for a period longer than six months.
(i) Expenses. The costs and expenses of administering and implementing the Plan shall
be borne by the Company.
(ii) Liability and Indemnification.
(iii) Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary shall be responsible in any way for any
action or omission of the Committee or any other fiduciaries in the performance of their
duties and obligations as set forth in the Plan. Furthermore, neither the Company, any
Subsidiary nor the Committee shall be responsible for any act or omission of any of their
agents, or with respect to reliance upon the advice of their counsel, provided that the
Company, the appropriate Subsidiary or the Committee, as the case may be, relied in good
faith upon the action of such agent or the advice of such counsel.
(iv) Neither the Company, any Subsidiary, the Committee, nor any agent, employee,
officer, director, stockholder or member of any of them, nor any other person shall have any
liability or responsibility to any Participant or otherwise with respect to the Plan, except
with respect to fraud, bad faith or willful misconduct on their part or as otherwise
expressly provided herein.
(v) Cooperation of Parties. All parties to the Plan and any person claiming any
interest hereunder agree to perform any and all acts and execute any and all documents and
papers which are necessary or desirable for carrying out the Plan or any of its provisions.
(vi) Notices. Each notice relating to the Plan shall be in writing and delivered by
recognized overnight courier or certified mail to the proper address or, optionally, to any
individual personally. Except as otherwise provided in any Award Document, all notices to
the Company or the Committee shall be addressed to it c/o the Company at its registered
office, Attn: Corporate Secretary. All notices to Participants, former Participants,
beneficiaries or other persons acting for or on behalf of such persons which are not
delivered personally to an individual shall be addressed to such person at the last address
for such person maintained in the records of the Committee or the Company.
9. Recapitalization or Reorganization.
(a) Authority of the Company and Stockholders. The existence of the Plan, the Award
Documents and the Awards granted hereunder shall not affect or restrict in any way the right or
power of the Company or the stockholders of the Company to make or authorize any adjustment,
recapitalization, reorganization or other change in the Companys capital structure or its
business, any merger or consolidation of the Company, any dividend or other distribution, any issue
of stock or of options, warrants or rights to purchase stock or of bonds, debentures, preferred or
prior preference stocks whose rights are superior to or affect the capital stock or the rights
thereof which are convertible into or exchangeable for capital stock, or the dissolution or
liquidation of the Company, or any sale or transfer of all or any part of its assets or business,
or any other corporate act or proceeding, whether of a similar character or otherwise.
(b) Change in Capitalization. Notwithstanding any provision of the Plan or any
Award Document, if there is any change in the outstanding Shares by reason of a stock dividend or
split, a recapitalization, or a consolidation, combination or exchange of shares, or if there is
any other change (including, possibly, an extraordinary dividend) which the Committee in its sole
discretion determines is a sufficiently fundamental change to warrant the action hereinafter
described, the Committee shall make, subject to any prior approval required of relevant stock
exchanges or other applicable regulatory authorities, if any, an appropriate substitution or
adjustment in (i) the exercise price of any unexercised Options under the Plan; and/or (ii) the
number and kind of REVRs or other securities subject to unexercised Options under the Plan. In the
event of the reorganization or the amalgamation, merger or consolidation of the Company with
another corporation, the Committee may make such provision for the protection of the rights of
Participants as the Committee in its discretion deems appropriate. The determination of the
Committee, as to any such substitution or adjustment or as to there being no need for the same,
will be final and binding on all parties.
10. Effective Date and Effective Time
. The Plan was originally effective on the
Effective Date and amended and restated
as of the Effective Time and shall remain in effect until
it has been terminated pursuant to Section 11.
11. Amendment; Suspension and Termination.
(a) Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the Board or the Committee may, at any
time, terminate or, from time to time, amend, modify or suspend the Plan; provided,
however, that no amendment or modification which must be approved by stockholders pursuant
to applicable rules of an exchange or any requirements or any requirements of the Code and the
regulations promulgated thereunder, shall be effective without stockholder approval. However,
except as otherwise expressly provided herein, no amendment, modification, suspension or
termination of the Plan shall alter the rights of any Participant existing at such time with
respect to an Option, except with the express written consent of such Participant. The Plan shall
continue until earlier terminated by
the Company pursuant to this Section 11. If the Plan is terminated, the provisions of the
Plan, and any administrative guidelines, regulations and other rules adopted by the Committee with
respect to the Plan which are in force at the time of such termination, will continue in effect in
respect of any Options which are outstanding at such time and any rights pursuant to any such
Options. However, notwithstanding the termination of the Plan, the Committee may make any
amendments to the Plan or the Options which it would have been entitled to make if the Plan were
still in effect.
(b) With the consent of any applicable regulatory authorities, as may be required, the
Committee may, in its sole discretion and without precedent value, amend or modify any particular
outstanding Option(s) or, in circumstances which the Committee deems appropriate (such a
circumstance may, for instance, be a change of control of the Company), all outstanding Options, so
(i) accelerate the Options vesting or exercisability;
(ii) reduce any restrictions on the transferability, vesting or exercisability of the
(iii) if the Company ceases to be subject to the terms of the Exchange Act or there is a
contemplated transaction which would result in the Company ceasing to be subject to the terms
of the Exchange Act, abbreviate the exercise period of all outstanding Options;
upon not less than 30 days notice to all affected Participants and upon such terms (including the
possible reinstatement of Options) as the Committee determines.
12. Six-Monthly Delay for Specified Employees. Notwithstanding anything herein to the
contrary, if a Participant is a specified employee within the meaning of Section 409A(a)(2)(B)(i)
of the Code, as determined under the Companys established methodology for determining specified
employees, on the date of the Participants separation from service within the meaning of Section
409A(a)(2)(A)(i) of the Code, any payment hereunder that provides for a deferral of compensation
within the meaning of Section 409A of the Code shall not be paid or commence to be paid on any date
prior to the first business day after the date that is six months following the Participants
termination of employment or service; provided, however, that a payment delayed pursuant to this
Section 12 shall commence earlier in the event of the Participants death prior to the end of the
six-month period. Any such delayed payments shall be accumulated and paid on the first day of the
seventh calendar month following the date of separation from service.
13. Section 409A Compliance. (i) Notwithstanding any contrary provision in the Plan,
an Award Document or an Award, if any provision of the Plan, an Award Document or an Award
contravenes any regulations or guidance promulgated under Section
409A of the Code or would cause any person to be subject to additional taxes, interest or
penalties under Section 409A of the Code, such provision of the Plan, an Award Document or an Award
may be modified by the Committee without notice and consent of any person in any manner the
Committee deems reasonable or necessary. In making such modifications, the Committee shall
attempt, but shall not be obligated, to maintain, to the maximum extent practicable, the original
intent of the applicable provision without contravening the provisions of Section 409A of the Code.
Moreover, any discretionary authority that the Committee may have pursuant to the Plan shall not
be applicable to an Award that is subject to Section 409A of the Code to the extent such
discretionary authority would contravene Section 409A of the Code.
(ii) If any amount owed to a Participant under this Plan is considered for purposes of
Section 409A of the Code to be owed to the Participant by virtue of his termination of
employment or service, such amount shall be paid if and only if such termination of
employment or service constitutes a separation from service with the Company, determined
using the default provisions set forth in Treasury Regulation §1.409A-1(h) or any successor
14. Governing Law.
The validity, construction and effect of the Plan, any rules and
regulations relating to the Plan, and any Award shall be determined in accordance with the laws of
the State of Delaware
applicable to contracts to be performed entirely within such state and
without giving effect to principles of conflicts of laws.
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