Amended And Restated

Amended and Restated Bylaws of Usa Mobility, Inc.

by USA Mobility, Inc.
November 17th, 2004
 

Exhibit 3.2

AMENDED AND RESTATED BYLAWS

OF

USA MOBILITY, INC.

 


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

         
    Page
ARTICLE I OFFICES
    1  
SECTION 1.1 Registered Office
    1  
SECTION 1.2 Other Offices
    1  
ARTICLE II STOCKHOLDERS
    1  
SECTION 2.1 Place of Meetings
    1  
SECTION 2.2 Annual Meeting
    1  
SECTION 2.3 Special Meetings
    1  
SECTION 2.4 Notice of Meetings
    1  
SECTION 2.5 Waivers of Notice
    2  
SECTION 2.6 Voting List
    2  
SECTION 2.7 Quorum
    2  
SECTION 2.8 Adjournments
    2  
SECTION 2.9 Voting and Proxies
    3  
SECTION 2.10 Action at Meeting
    3  
SECTION 2.11 Nomination of Directors
    3  
SECTION 2.12 Notice of Business at Annual Meetings
    5  
SECTION 2.13 Conduct of Meetings
    6  
SECTION 2.14 Action without Meeting
    7  
ARTICLE III DIRECTORS
    8  
SECTION 3.1 General Powers
    8  
SECTION 3.2 Number, Election and Qualification
    8  
SECTION 3.3 Term of Office
    8  
SECTION 3.4 Quorum
    8  
SECTION 3.5 Action at Meeting
    8  
SECTION 3.6 Removal
    9  
SECTION 3.7 Vacancies
    9  
SECTION 3.8 Resignation
    9  
SECTION 3.9 Regular Meetings
    9  
SECTION 3.10 Executive Sessions
    9  
SECTION 3.11 Special Meetings
    9  
SECTION 3.12 Notice of Special Meetings
    9  
SECTION 3.13 Meetings by Conference Communications Equipment
    10  
SECTION 3.14 Action by Written Consent
    10  
SECTION 3.15 Committees
    10  
SECTION 3.16 Compensation of Directors
    10  
ARTICLE IV OFFICERS
    10  
SECTION 4.1 Titles
    10  
SECTION 4.2 Election
    11  
SECTION 4.3 Qualification
    11  
SECTION 4.4 Tenure
    11  
SECTION 4.5 Resignation and Removal
    11  

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    Page
SECTION 4.6 Vacancies
    11  
SECTION 4.7 Chairman of the Board
    11  
SECTION 4.8 Vice Chairman of the Board
    11  
SECTION 4.9 Chief Executive Officer
    12  
SECTION 4.10 Chief Operating Officer
    12  
SECTION 4.11 Chief Financial Officer
    12  
SECTION 4.12 President
    12  
SECTION 4.13 Vice Presidents
    12  
SECTION 4.14 Secretary and Assistant Secretaries
    13  
SECTION 4.15 Treasurer and Assistant Treasurers
    13  
SECTION 4.16 Salaries
    13  
SECTION 4.17 Bonds
    13  
ARTICLE V CAPITAL STOCK
    14  
SECTION 5.1 Issuance of Stock
    14  
SECTION 5.2 Certificates of Stock
    14  
SECTION 5.3 Transfers
    14  
SECTION 5.4 Lost, Stolen or Destroyed Certificates
    14  
SECTION 5.5 Record Date
    15  
SECTION 5.6 Stockholders of Record
    15  
ARTICLE VI INSURANCE
    15  
ARTICLE VII INDEMNIFICATION
    16  
SECTION 7.1 General
    16  
SECTION 7.2 Indemnification in Actions, Suits or Proceedings Other Than Those By Or in Right of the Corporation
    16  
SECTION 7.3 Indemnification in Actions, Suits or Proceedings By or in the Right of the Corporation
    17  
SECTION 7.4 Authorization Of Indemnification
    17  
SECTION 7.5 Advancement Of Expenses
    17  
ARTICLE VIII GENERAL PROVISIONS
    18  
SECTION 8.1 Fiscal Year
    18  
SECTION 8.2 Corporate Seal
    18  
SECTION 8.3 Waiver of Notice
    18  
SECTION 8.4 Voting of Securities
    18  
SECTION 8.5 Inspection Of Books And Records
    18  
SECTION 8.6 Dividends
    18  
SECTION 8.7 Reserves
    18  
SECTION 8.8 Execution of Instruments
    19  
SECTION 8.9 Evidence of Authority
    19  
SECTION 8.10 Certificate of Incorporation
    19  
SECTION 8.11 Transactions with Interested Parties
    19  
SECTION 8.12 Severability
    19  
SECTION 8.13 Pronouns
    19  
ARTICLE IX AMENDMENTS
    19  

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AMENDED AND RESTATED BYLAWS

OF

USA MOBILITY, INC.

ARTICLE I

OFFICES

     SECTION 1.1 Registered Office. The registered office of the Corporation shall be in Wilmington, Delaware, and the initial registered agent in charge thereof shall be Corporation Service Company.

     SECTION 1.2 Other Offices. The Corporation may also have offices at such other places, both within and without the State of Delaware, as the Board of Directors may from time to time determine or as may be necessary or useful in connection with the business of the Corporation.

ARTICLE II

STOCKHOLDERS

     SECTION 2.1 Place of Meetings. All meetings of stockholders shall be held at such place as may be designated from time to time by the Board of Directors, or, if not so designated, at the principal office of the Corporation.

     SECTION 2.2 Annual Meeting. The annual meeting of stockholders for the election of directors and for the transaction of such other business as may properly be brought before the meeting shall be held on a date and at a time designated by the Board of Directors (which date shall not be a legal holiday in the place where the meeting is to be held). If no annual meeting is held in accordance with the foregoing provisions, a special meeting may be held in lieu of the annual meeting, and any action taken at that special meeting shall have the same effect as if it had been taken at the annual meeting, and in such case all references in these Bylaws to the annual meeting of the stockholders shall be deemed to refer to such special meeting.

     SECTION 2.3 Special Meetings. Special meetings of stockholders for any purpose or purposes may be called at any time by the holders of twenty-five percent (25%) of the outstanding stock of the Corporation, a majority of the members of the Board of Directors, whether constituting a quorum or not, the Chairman of the Board of Directors or the Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation, but such special meetings may not be called by any other person or persons. Business transacted at any special meeting of stockholders shall be limited to matters relating to the purpose or purposes stated in the notice of meeting.

     SECTION 2.4 Notice of Meetings. Except as otherwise provided by law, written notice of each meeting of stockholders, whether annual or special, shall be given not less than 10 nor more than 60 days before the date of the meeting to each stockholder entitled to vote at such meeting. Without limiting the manner by which notice otherwise may be given to stockholders,

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any notice shall be effective if given by a form of electronic transmission consented to (in a manner consistent with the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware) by the stockholder to whom the notice is given. The notices of all meetings shall state the place, date and time of the meeting and the means of remote communications, if any, by which stockholders and proxyholders may be deemed to be present in person and vote at such meeting. The notice of a special meeting shall state, in addition, the purpose or purposes for which the meeting is called. If notice is given by mail, such notice shall be deemed given when deposited in the United States mail, postage prepaid, directed to the stockholder at such stockholder’s address as it appears on the records of the Corporation. If notice is given by electronic transmission, such notice shall be deemed given at the time specified in Section 232 of the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware.

     SECTION 2.5 Waivers of Notice. Whenever the giving of any notice is required by statute, the Certificate of Incorporation or these Bylaws, a waiver thereof, in writing and delivered to the corporation, signed by the person or persons entitled to said notice, whether before or after the event as to which such notice is required, shall be deemed equivalent to notice. Attendance of a stockholder at a meeting shall constitute a waiver by such stockholder of notice (a) of such meeting, except when the stockholder at the beginning of the meeting objects to holding the meeting or transaction business at the meeting, and (b) of consideration of a particular matter at the meeting that is not within the purpose or purposes described in the meeting notice, unless the stockholder objects to considering the matter at the beginning of the meeting if such matter is presented as part of the agenda at such time, otherwise upon the commencement of presentation of such matter.

     SECTION 2.6 Voting List. The Secretary shall prepare, at least 10 days before every meeting of stockholders, a complete list of the stockholders entitled to vote at the meeting, arranged in alphabetical order, and showing the address of each stockholder and the number of shares registered in the name of each stockholder. Such list shall be open to the examination of any stockholder, for any purpose germane to the meeting, for a period of at least 10 days prior to the meeting: (i) on a reasonably accessible electronic network, provided that the information required to gain access to such list is provided with the notice of the meeting, or (ii) during ordinary business hours, at the principal place of business of the Corporation. The list shall also be produced and kept at the time and place of the meeting during the whole time thereof, and may be inspected by any stockholder who is present.

     SECTION 2.7 Quorum. Except as otherwise provided by law, the Certificate of Incorporation or these Bylaws, the holders of a majority of the shares of the capital stock of the Corporation issued and outstanding and entitled to vote at the meeting, present in person, present by means of remote communication in a manner, if any, authorized by the Board of Directors in its sole discretion, or represented by proxy, shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. A quorum, once established at a meeting, shall not be broken by the withdrawal of enough votes to leave less than a quorum.

     SECTION 2.8 Adjournments. Any meeting of stockholders may be adjourned from time to time to any other time and to any other place at which a meeting of stockholders may be held under these Bylaws by the stockholders present or represented at the meeting and entitled to vote, although less than a quorum, or, if no stockholder is present, by any officer entitled to

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preside at or to act as secretary of such meeting. It shall not be necessary to notify any stockholder of any adjournment of less than 30 days if the time and place of the adjourned meeting, and the means of remote communication, if any, by which stockholders and proxyholders may be deemed to be present in person and vote at such adjourned meeting, are announced at the meeting at which adjournment is taken, unless after the adjournment a new record date is fixed for the adjourned meeting. At the adjourned meeting, the Corporation may transact any business which might have been transacted at the original meeting.

     SECTION 2.9 Voting and Proxies. Each stockholder shall have one vote for each share of stock entitled to vote held of record by such stockholder, unless otherwise provided by law or the Certificate of Incorporation. Each stockholder of record entitled to vote at a meeting of stockholders may vote in person (including by means of remote communications, if any, by which stockholders may be deemed to be present in person and vote at such meeting) or may authorize another person or persons to vote for such stockholder by a proxy executed or transmitted in a manner permitted by the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware by the stockholder or such stockholder’s authorized agent and delivered (including by electronic transmission) to the Secretary of the Corporation. No such proxy shall be voted upon after three years from the date of its execution, unless the proxy expressly provides for a longer period. A duly executed appointment of proxy shall be irrevocable if the appointment form states that it is irrevocable and if, and only as long as, it is coupled with an interest sufficient in law to support an irrevocable power.

     SECTION 2.10 Action at Meeting. When a quorum is present at any meeting, any matter other than the election of directors to be voted upon by the stockholders at such meeting shall be decided by the vote of the holders of shares of stock having a majority of the votes cast by the holders of all of the shares of stock present or represented and voting on such matter (or if there are two or more classes of stock entitled to vote as separate classes, then in the case of each such class, the holders of a majority of the stock of that class present or represented and voting on such matter), except when a different vote is required by law, the Certificate of Incorporation or these Bylaws. When a quorum is present at any meeting, any election by stockholders of directors shall be determined by a plurality of the votes cast by the stockholders entitled to vote on the election.

     SECTION 2.11 Nomination of Directors.

          (a) Except for (i) any directors entitled to be elected by the holders of preferred stock or any other securities of the Corporation (other than stock) and (ii) any directors elected in accordance with Section 3.7 hereof by the Board of Directors to fill a vacancy, only persons who are nominated in accordance with the procedures in this Section 2.11 shall be eligible for election as directors. Nomination for election to the Board of Directors of the Corporation at a meeting of stockholders may be made (i) by or at the direction of the Board of Directors or (ii) by any stockholder of the Corporation who (x) complies with the notice procedures set forth in Section 2.11(b) and (y) is a stockholder of record on the date of the giving of such notice and on the record date for the determination of stockholders entitled to vote at such meeting.

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          (b) To be timely, a stockholder’s notice must be received by the Secretary at the principal executive offices of the Corporation as follows: (x) in the case of an election of directors at an annual meeting of stockholders, not less than 60 days nor more than 90 days prior to the first anniversary of the preceding year’s annual meeting; provided, however, that (i) in the case of the annual meeting of stockholders of the Corporation to be held in 2005 or (ii) in the event that the date of the annual meeting in any other year is advanced by more than 20 days, or delayed by more than 60 days, from the first anniversary of the preceding year’s annual meeting, a stockholder’s notice must be so received not earlier than the ninetieth day prior to such annual meeting and not later than the close of business on the later of (A) the sixtieth day prior to such annual meeting and (B) the tenth day following the day on which notice of the date of such annual meeting was mailed or public disclosure of the date of such annual meeting was made, whichever first occurs; or (y) in the case of an election of directors at a special meeting of stockholders, not earlier than the ninetieth day prior to such special meeting and not later than the close of business on the later of (i) the sixtieth day prior to such special meeting and (ii) the tenth day following the day on which notice of the date of such special meeting was mailed or public disclosure of the date of such special meeting was made, whichever first occurs.

          The stockholder’s notice to the Secretary shall set forth: (a) as to each proposed nominee (i) such person’s name, age, business address and, if known, residence address, (ii) such person’s principal occupation or employment, (iii) the class and number of shares of stock of the Corporation which are beneficially owned by such person, and (iv) any other information concerning such person that must be disclosed as to nominees in proxy solicitations pursuant to Regulation 14A under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; (b) as to the stockholder giving the notice (i) such stockholder’s name and address, as they appear on the Corporation’s books, (ii) the class and number of shares of stock of the Corporation which are owned, beneficially and of record, by such stockholder, (iii) a description of all arrangements or understandings between such stockholder and each proposed nominee and any other person or persons (including their names) pursuant to which the nomination(s) are to be made by such stockholder and (iv) a representation that such stockholder intends to appear in person or by proxy at the meeting to nominate the person(s) named in its notice; and (c) as to the beneficial owner, if any, on whose behalf the nomination is being made (i) such beneficial owner’s name and address, (ii) the class and number of shares of stock of the Corporation which are beneficially owned by such beneficial owner, and (iii) a description of all arrangements or understandings between such beneficial owner and each proposed nominee and any other person or persons (including their names) pursuant to which the nomination(s) are to be made. In addition, to be effective, the stockholder’s notice must be accompanied by the written consent of the proposed nominee to serve as a director if elected. The Corporation may require any proposed nominee to furnish such other information as may reasonably be required to determine the eligibility of such proposed nominee to serve as a director of the Corporation.

          (c) The chairman of any meeting shall, if the facts warrant, determine that a nomination was not made in accordance with the provisions of this Section 2.11, and if the chairman should so determine, the chairman shall so declare to the meeting and the defective nomination shall be disregarded.

          (d) Except as otherwise required by law, nothing in this Section 2.11 shall obligate the Corporation or the Board of Directors to include in any proxy statement or other stockholder communication distributed on behalf of the Corporation or the Board of Directors information with respect to any nominee for director submitted by a stockholder.

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     SECTION 2.12 Notice of Business at Annual Meetings.

          (a) At any annual meeting of the stockholders, only such business shall be conducted as shall have been properly brought before the meeting. To be properly brought before an annual meeting, business must be (i) specified in the notice of meeting (or any supplement thereto) given by or at the direction of the Board of Directors, (ii) otherwise properly brought before the meeting by or at the direction of the Board of Directors, or (iii) properly brought before the meeting by a stockholder. For business to be properly brought before an annual meeting by a stockholder, (i) if such business relates to the election of directors of the Corporation, the procedures in Section 2.11 must be complied with and (ii) if such business relates to any other matter, the stockholder must (x) have given timely notice thereof in writing to the Secretary in accordance with the procedures set forth in Section 2.12(b) and (y) be a stockholder of record on the date of the giving of such notice and on the record date for the determination of stockholders entitled to vote at such annual meeting.

          (b) To be timely, a stockholder’s notice must be received by the Secretary at the principal executive offices of the Corporation not less than 60 days nor more than 90 days prior to the first anniversary of the preceding year’s annual meeting; provided, however, that (i) in the case of the annual meeting of stockholders of the Corporation to be held in 2005 or (ii) in the event that the date of the annual meeting in any other year is advanced by more than 20 days, or delayed by more than 60 days, from the first anniversary of the preceding year’s annual meeting, a stockholder’s notice must be so received not earlier than the ninetieth day prior to such annual meeting and not later than the close of business on the later of (A) the sixtieth day prior to such annual meeting and (B) the tenth day following the day on which notice of the date of such annual meeting was mailed or public disclosure of the date of such annual meeting was made, whichever first occurs.

          The stockholder’s notice to the Secretary shall set forth as to each matter the stockholder proposes to bring before the annual meeting (i) a brief description of the business desired to be brought before the annual meeting and the reasons for conducting such business at the annual meeting, (ii) the name and address, as they appear on the Corporation’s books, of the stockholder proposing such business, and the name and address of the beneficial owner, if any, on whose behalf the proposal is made, (iii) the class and number of shares of stock of the Corporation which are owned, of record and beneficially, by the stockholder and beneficial owner, if any, (iv) a description of all arrangements or understandings between such stockholder or such beneficial owner, if any, and any other person or persons (including their names) in connection with the proposal of such business by such stockholder and any material interest of the stockholder or such beneficial owner, if any, in such business, and (v) a representation that such stockholder intends to appear in person or by proxy at the annual meeting to bring such business before the meeting. Notwithstanding anything in these Bylaws to the contrary, no business shall be conducted at any annual meeting of stockholders except in accordance with the procedures set forth in this Section 2.12; provided that any stockholder proposal which complies with Rule 14a-8 of the proxy rules (or any successor provision) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and is to be included in the Corporation’s proxy statement for an annual meeting of stockholders shall be deemed to comply with the requirements of this Section 2.12.

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          (c) The chairman of any meeting shall, if the facts warrant, determine that business was not properly brought before the meeting in accordance with the provisions of this Section 2.12, and if the chairman should so determine, the chairman shall so declare to the meeting and such business shall not be brought before the meeting.

     SECTION 2.13 Conduct of Meetings.

          (a) Chairman of Meeting. Meetings of stockholders shall be presided over by the Chairman of the Board, if any, or in the Chairman’s absence by the Vice Chairman of the Board, if any, or in the Vice Chairman’s absence by the Chief Executive Officer, or in the Chief Executive Officer’s absence by the President, or in the President’s absence by a Vice President, or in the absence of all of the foregoing persons by a chairman designated by the Board of Directors, or in the absence of such designation by a chairman chosen by vote of the stockholders at the meeting. The Secretary shall act as secretary of the meeting, but in the Secretary’s absence the chairman of the meeting may appoint any person to act as secretary of the meeting.

          (b) Rules, Regulations and Procedures. The Board of Directors of the Corporation may adopt by resolution such rules, regulations and procedures for the conduct of any meeting of stockholders of the Corporation as it shall deem appropriate including, without limitation, such guidelines and procedures as it may deem appropriate regarding the participation by means of remote communication of stockholders and proxyholders not physically present at a meeting. Except to the extent inconsistent with such rules, regulations and procedures as adopted by the Board of Directors, the chairman of any meeting of stockholders shall have the right and authority to prescribe such rules, regulations and procedures and to do all such acts as, in the judgment of such chairman, are appropriate for the proper conduct of the meeting. Such rules, regulations or procedures, whether adopted by the Board of Directors or prescribed by the chairman of the meeting, may include, without limitation, the following: (i) the establishment of an agenda or order of business for the meeting; (ii) rules and procedures for maintaining order at the meeting and the safety of those present; (iii) limitations on attendance at or participation in the meeting to stockholders of record of the Corporation, their duly authorized and constituted proxies or such other persons as shall be determined; (iv) restrictions on entry to the meeting after the time fixed for the commencement thereof; and (v) limitations on the time allotted to questions or comments by participants. Unless and to the extent determined by the Board of Directors or the chairman of the meeting, meetings of stockholders shall not be required to be held in accordance with the rules of parliamentary procedure.

          (c) Closing of Polls. The chairman of the meeting shall announce at the meeting when the polls for each matter to be voted upon at the meeting will be opened and closed. If no announcement is made, the polls shall be deemed to have opened when the meeting is convened and closed upon the final adjournment of the meeting. After the polls close, no ballots, proxies or votes or any revocations or changes thereto may be accepted.

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          (d) Inspectors of Election. In advance of any meeting of stockholders, the Board of Directors, the Chairman of the Board, the Vice Chairman of the Board, if any, the Chief Executive Officer or the President shall appoint one or more inspectors or election to act at the meeting and make a written report thereof. One or more other persons may be designated as alternate inspectors to replace any inspector who fails to act. If no inspector or alternate is present, ready and willing to act at a meeting of stockholders, the chairman of the meeting shall appoint one or more inspectors to act at the meeting. Unless otherwise required by law, inspectors may be officers, employees or agents of the Corporation. Each inspector, before entering upon the discharge of such inspector’s duties, shall take and sign an oath faithfully to execute the duties of inspector with strict impartiality and according to the best of such inspector’s ability. The inspector shall have the duties prescribed by law and shall take charge of the polls and, when the vote in completed, shall make a certificate of the result of the vote taken and of such other facts as may be required by law.

     SECTION 2.14 Action without Meeting.

          (a) Taking of Action by Consent. Any action required or permitted to be taken at any annual or special meeting of stockholders of the Corporation may be taken without a meeting, without prior notice and without a vote, if a consent in writing, setting forth the action so taken, is signed by the holders of outstanding stock having not less than the minimum number of votes that would be necessary to authorize or take such action at a meeting at which all shares entitled to vote on such action were present and voted. Except as otherwise provided by the Certificate of Incorporation, stockholders may act by written consent to elect directors; provided, however, that, if such consent is less than unanimous, such action by written consent may be in lieu of holding an annual meeting only if all of the directorships to which directors could be elected at an annual meeting held at the effective time of such action are vacant and are filled by such action.

          (b) Electronic Transmission of Consents. A telegram, cablegram or other electronic transmission consenting to an action to be taken and transmitted by a stockholder or proxyholder, or by a person or persons authorized to act for a stockholder or proxyholder, shall be deemed to be written, signed and dated for the purposes of this section, provided that any such telegram, cablegram or other electronic transmission sets forth or is delivered with information from which the Corporation can determine (A) that the telegram, cablegram or other electronic transmission was transmitted by the stockholder or proxyholder or by a person or persons authorized to act for the stockholder or proxyholder and (B) the date on which such stockholder or proxyholder or authorized person or persons transmitted such telegram, cablegram or electronic transmission. The date on which such telegram, cablegram or electronic transmission is transmitted shall be deemed to be the date on which such consent was signed. No consent given by telegram, cablegram or other electronic transmission shall be deemed to have been delivered until such consent is reproduced in paper form and until such paper form shall be delivered to the Corporation by delivery to its registered office in the State of Delaware, its principal place of business or an officer or agent of the Corporation having custody of the book in which proceedings of meetings of stockholders are recorded. Delivery made to a corporation’s registered office shall be made by hand or by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested. Notwithstanding the foregoing limitations on delivery, consents given by telegram, cablegram or other electronic transmission may be otherwise delivered to the principal place of

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business of the Corporation or to an officer or agent of the Corporation having custody of the book in which proceedings of meetings of stockholders are recorded if, to the extent and in the manner provided by resolution of the Board of Directors. Any copy, facsimile or other reliable reproduction of a consent in writing may be substituted or used in lieu of the original writing for any and all purposes for which the original writing could be used, provided that such copy, facsimile or other reproduction shall be a complete reproduction of the entire original writing.

          (c) Notice of Taking of Corporate Action. Prompt notice of the taking of corporate action without a meeting by less than unanimous written consent shall be given to those stockholders who have not consented in writing and who, if the action had been taken at a meeting, would have been entitled to notice of the meeting if the record date for such meeting had been the date that written consents signed by a sufficient number of holders to take the action were delivered to the Corporation.

ARTICLE III

DIRECTORS

     SECTION 3.1 General Powers. The business and affairs of the Corporation shall be managed by or under the direction of a Board of Directors, who may exercise all of the powers of the Corporation except as otherwise provided by law, the Certificate of Incorporation or these Bylaws. In the event of a vacancy in the Board of Directors, the remaining directors, except as otherwise provided by law, may exercise the powers of the full Board until the vacancy is filled.

     SECTION 3.2 Number, Election and Qualification. The number of directors which shall constitute the whole Board of Directors shall be determined from time to time by resolution of the Board of Directors, but in no event shall be less than three. The directors shall be elected at the annual meeting of stockholders by such stockholders as have the right to vote on such election. Directors need not be stockholders of the Corporation.

     SECTION 3.3 Term of Office. Each director shall hold office until the next annual meeting and until a successor is elected and qualified, or until such director’s earlier death, resignation or removal.

     SECTION 3.4 Quorum. A majority of the directors at any time in office shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. In the event one or more of the directors shall be disqualified to vote at any meeting, then the required quorum shall be reduced by one for each director so disqualified, provided that in no case shall less than one-third of the number of directors fixed pursuant to Section 3.2 of these Bylaws constitute a quorum. If at any meeting of the Board of Directors there shall be less than such a quorum, a majority of the directors present may adjourn the meeting from time to time without further notice other than announcement at the meeting, until a quorum shall be present.

     SECTION 3.5 Action at Meeting. Every act or decision done or made by a majority of the directors present at a meeting duly held at which a quorum is present shall be regarded as the act of the Board of Directors unless a greater number is required by law, by the Certificate of Incorporation or by these Bylaws.

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     SECTION 3.6 Removal. Except as otherwise provided by the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware, any one or more or all of the directors may be removed, with or without cause, by the holders of a majority of the shares then entitled to vote at an election of directors, except that the directors elected by the holders of a particular class or series of stock may be removed without cause only by vote of the holders of a majority of the outstanding shares of such class or series.

     SECTION 3.7 Vacancies. Any vacancy in the Board of Directors, however occurring, including a vacancy resulting from an enlargement of the Board, shall be filled only by vote of a majority of the directors then in office, although less than a quorum, or by a sole remaining director. A director elected to fill a vacancy shall be elected for the unexpired term of such director’s predecessor in office, and a director chosen to fill a position resulting from an increase in the number of directors shall hold office until the next annual meeting of stockholders and until a successor is elected and qualified, or until such director’s earlier death, resignation or removal.

     SECTION 3.8 Resignation. Any director may resign by delivering a resignation in writing or by electronic transmission to the Corporation at its principal office or to the Chairman of the Board, the Vice Chairman of the Board, if any, the Chief Executive Officer, the President or the Secretary. Such resignation shall be effective upon receipt unless it is specified to be effective at some later time or upon the happening of some later event.

     SECTION 3.9 Regular Meetings. Regular meetings of the Board of Directors may be held without notice at such time and place as shall be determined from time to time by the Board of Directors; provided that any director who is absent when such a determination is made shall be given notice of the determination. A regular meeting of the Board of Directors may be held without notice immediately after and at the same place as the annual meeting of stockholders.

     SECTION 3.10 Executive Sessions. Independent directors of the Corporation (as defined in the NASDAQ Stock Market Marketplace Rules, as may be amended from time to time) must meet at regularly scheduled meetings (at least twice a year) at which only independent directors are present.

     SECTION 3.11 Special Meetings. Special meetings of the Board of Directors may be held at any time and place designated in a call by a majority of the members of the Board of Directors, whether constituting a quorum or not, the Chairman of the Board or the Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation.

     SECTION 3.12 Notice of Special Meetings. Notice of any special meeting of directors shall be given to each director by the Secretary or by the officer or one of the directors calling the meeting. Notice shall be duly given to each director (i) by giving notice to such director in person or by telephone at least 24 hours in advance of the meeting, (ii) by sending a telegram, telecopy or electronic mail, or delivering written notice by hand, to such director’s last known business, home or electronic mail address at least 48 hours in advance of the meeting, or (iii) by sending written notice, via first-class mail or reputable overnight courier, to such director’s last known business or home address at least 72 hours in advance of the meeting. A notice or waiver of notice of a meeting of the Board of Directors need not specify the purposes of the meeting.

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     SECTION 3.13 Meetings by Conference Communications Equipment. Directors may participate in meetings of the Board of Directors or any committee thereof by means of conference telephone or other communications equipment by means of which all persons participating in the meeting can hear each other, and participation by such means shall constitute presence in person at such meeting.

     SECTION 3.14 Action by Written Consent. Any action required or permitted to be taken at any meeting of the Board of Directors or of any committee thereof may be taken without a meeting, if all members of the Board or committee, as the case may be, consent to the action in writing or by electronic transmission, and the written consents and electronic transmissions are filed with the minutes of proceedings of the Board or committee.

     SECTION 3.15 Committees. The Board of Directors may designate one or more committees, each committee to consist of one or more of the directors of the Corporation. The Board may designate one or more directors as alternate members of any committee, who may replace any absent or disqualified member at any meeting of the committee. In the absence or disqualification of a member of a committee, the member or members of the committee present at any meeting and not disqualified from voting, whether or not such member or members constitute a quorum, may unanimously appoint another member of the Board of Directors to act at the meeting in the place of any such absent or disqualified member. Any such committee, to the extent provided in the resolution of the Board of Directors and subject to the provisions of law, shall have and may exercise all the powers and authority of the Board of Directors in the management of the business and affairs of the Corporation and may authorize the seal of the Corporation to be affixed to all papers which may require it. Each such committee shall keep minutes and make such reports as the Board of Directors may from time to time request. Except as the Board of Directors may otherwise determine, any committee may make rules for the conduct of its business, but unless otherwise provided by the directors or in such rules, its business shall be conducted as nearly as possible in the same manner as is provided in these Bylaws for the Board of Directors.

     SECTION 3.16 Compensation of Directors. Directors may be paid such compensation for their services and such reimbursement for expenses of attendance at meetings as the Board of Directors may from time to time determine. No such payment shall preclude any director from serving the Corporation or any of its parent or subsidiary corporations in any other capacity and receiving compensation for such service.

ARTICLE IV

OFFICERS

     SECTION 4.1 Titles. The officers of the Corporation shall consist of a Chief Executive Officer, a President, a Chief Operating Officer, a Chief Financial Officer, a Secretary, a Treasurer and such other officers with such other titles as the Board of Directors may determine, including a Chairman of the Board, a Vice Chairman of the Board and one or more Vice Presidents, Assistant Treasurers, and Assistant Secretaries. The Board of Directors may appoint such other officers as it may deem appropriate.

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     SECTION 4.2 Election. The Chief Executive Officer, President, Treasurer and Secretary shall be elected annually by the Board of Directors at its first meeting following the annual meeting of stockholders. Other officers may be appointed by the Board of Directors at such meeting or at any other meeting.

     SECTION 4.3 Qualification. No officer need be a stockholder. Any two or more offices may be held by the same person.

     SECTION 4.4 Tenure. Except as otherwise provided by law, by the Certificate of Incorporation or by these Bylaws, each officer shall hold office until such officer’s successor is elected and qualified, unless a different term is specified in the resolution electing or appointing such officer, or until such officer’s earlier death, resignation or removal.

     SECTION 4.5 Resignation and Removal. Any officer may resign by delivering a written resignation to the Corporation at its principal office or to the Chief Executive Officer or the Secretary. Such resignation shall be effective upon receipt unless it is specified to be effective at some later time or upon the happening of some later event.

          Any officer may be removed at any time, with or without cause, by vote of a majority of the entire number of directors then in office.

          Except as the Board of Directors may otherwise determine, no officer who resigns or is removed shall have any right to any compensation as an officer for any period following such officer’s resignation or removal, or any right to damages on account of such removal, whether such officer’s compensation be by the month or by the year or otherwise, unless such compensation is expressly provided in a duly authorized written agreement with the Corporation.

     SECTION 4.6 Vacancies. The Board of Directors may fill any vacancy occurring in any office for any reason and may, in its discretion, leave unfilled for such period as it may determine any offices other than those of Chief Executive Officer, President, Treasurer and Secretary. Each such successor shall hold office for the unexpired term of such officer’s predecessor and until a successor is elected and qualified, or until such officer’s earlier death, resignation or removal.

     SECTION 4.7 Chairman of the Board. The Board of Directors may appoint from its members a Chairman of the Board. If the Board of Directors appoints a Chairman of the Board, such Chairman shall perform such duties and possess such powers as are assigned by the Board of Directors. Unless otherwise provided by the Board of Directors, the Chairman of the Board shall preside at all meetings of the Board of Directors and stockholders.

     SECTION 4.8 Vice Chairman of the Board. The Board of Directors may appoint from its members a Vice Chairman of the Board. If the Board of Directors appoints a Vice Chairman of the Board, such Vice Chairman shall perform such duties and possess such powers as are assigned by the Board of Directors. The Vice Chairman of the Board shall preside at all meetings of the Board of Directors and stockholders in the absence of the Chairman of the Board. Such Vice Chairman shall also possess the other specific authority as provided elsewhere in these Bylaws.

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     SECTION 4.9 Chief Executive Officer. The Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation shall have overall responsibility and authority for the Corporation’s strategic planning and for evaluating potential mergers and acquisitions and new business opportunities, subject to the authority of the Board of Directors. The Chief Executive Officer may execute bonds, mortgages and other contracts, under the seal of the Corporation, if required, except where required or permitted by law to be otherwise signed and executed and except where the signing and execution thereof shall be expressly delegated by the Board of Directors to some other officer or agent of the Corporation, provided that the Chief Executive Officer, in the absence of the President, may sign or execute any document or instrument where the signing and execution thereof shall be expressly delegated to the “President” of the Corporation. In the event the Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation is for any reason unwilling or unable to serve as Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation, the members of the Board of Directors, shall promptly select and approve an individual to serve as the Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation as follows: (x) an individual so selected who was employed by Arch Wireless, Inc. or Metrocall Holdings, Inc. or any of their respective subsidiaries, as of or prior to the date such companies entered in to a merger agreement, shall be approved by not less than two-thirds (2/3) of the directors on the Board of Directors or (y) in the event that no individual referred to in the preceding clause (x) is approved as provide therein, the Board of Directors will select and approve by a majority vote, an individual who was not employed by Arch Wireless, Inc. or Metrocall Holdings, Inc. or any of their respective subsidiaries, as of or prior to the date such companies entered into a merger agreement, to serve as the Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation.

     SECTION 4.10 Chief Operating Officer. The Chief Operating Officer of the Corporation shall have overall responsibility and authority for the technical systems, sales and marketing and customer service operations of the Corporation, subject to the authority of the Chief Executive Officer.

     SECTION 4.11 Chief Financial Officer. The Chief Financial Officer of the Corporation shall have overall responsibility and authority for the financial affairs of the Corporation including, without limitation, oversight of the Corporation’s accounting, inventory, management information systems, internal audit and billing functions, subject to the authority of the Chief Executive Officer.

     SECTION 4.12 President. The President shall perform such other duties and shall have such other powers as the Board of Directors and the Chief Executive Officer may from time to time prescribe.

     SECTION 4.13 Vice Presidents. Any Vice President shall perform such duties and possess such powers as the Board of Directors or the Chief Executive Officer may from time to time prescribe. In the event of the absence, inability or refusal to act of the Chief Executive Officer, the President, and then the Vice President (or if there shall be more than one, the Vice Presidents in the order determined by the Board of Directors), shall perform the duties of the Chief Executive Officer and when so performing shall have all the powers of and be subject to all the restrictions upon the Chief Executive Officer. The Board of Directors may assign to any Vice President the title of Executive Vice President, Senior Vice President or any other title selected by the Board of Directors.

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     SECTION 4.14 Secretary and Assistant Secretaries. The Secretary shall perform such duties and shall have such powers as the Board of Directors or the Chief Executive Officer may from time to time prescribe. In addition, the Secretary shall perform such duties and have such powers as are incident to the office of the secretary, including without limitation the duty and power to give notices of all meetings of stockholders and special meetings of the Board of Directors, to attend all meetings of stockholders and the Board of Directors and keep a record of the proceedings, to maintain a stock ledger and prepare lists of stockholders and their addresses as required, to be custodian of corporate records and the corporate seal and to affix and attest to the same on documents.

          Any Assistant Secretary shall perform such duties and possess such powers as the Board of Directors, the Chief Executive Officer or the Secretary may from time to time prescribe. In the event of the absence, inability or refusal to act of the Secretary, the Assistant Secretary (or if there shall be more than one, the Assistant Secretaries in the order determined by the Board of Directors) shall perform the duties and exercise the powers of the Secretary.

          In the absence of the Secretary or any Assistant Secretary at any meeting of stockholders or directors, the chairman of the meeting shall designate a temporary secretary to keep a record of the meeting.

     SECTION 4.15 Treasurer and Assistant Treasurers. The Treasurer shall perform such duties and shall have such powers as may from time to time be assigned by the Board of Directors or the Chief Executive Officer. In addition, the Treasurer shall perform such duties and have such powers as are incident to the office of treasurer, including without limitation the duty and power to keep and be responsible for all funds and securities of the Corporation, to deposit funds of the Corporation in depositories selected in accordance with these Bylaws, to disburse such funds as ordered by the Board of Directors, to make proper accounts of such funds, and to render as required by the Board of Directors statements of all such transactions and of the financial condition of the Corporation.

          The Assistant Treasurers shall perform such duties and possess such powers as the Board of Directors, the Chief Executive Officer or the Treasurer may from time to time prescribe. In the event of the absence, inability or refusal to act of the Treasurer, the Assistant Treasurer (or if there shall be more than one, the Assistant Treasurers in the order determined by the Board of Directors) shall perform the duties and exercise the powers of the Treasurer.

     SECTION 4.16 Salaries. Officers of the Corporation shall be entitled to such salaries, compensation or reimbursement as shall be fixed or allowed from time to time by the Board of Directors.

     SECTION 4.17 Bonds. The Corporation may secure the fidelity of any or all of its officers or agents by bond or otherwise.

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ARTICLE V

CAPITAL STOCK

     SECTION 5.1 Issuance of Stock. Unless otherwise voted by the stockholders and subject to the provisions of the Certificate of Incorporation, the whole or any part of any unissued balance of the authorized capital stock of the Corporation or the whole or any part of any shares of the authorized capital stock of the Corporation held in the Corporation’s treasury may be issued, sold, transferred or otherwise disposed of by vote of the Board of Directors in such manner, for such lawful consideration and on such terms as the Board of Directors may determine.

     SECTION 5.2 Certificates of Stock. Every holder of stock of the Corporation shall be entitled to have a certificate, in such form as may be prescribed by law and by the Board of Directors, certifying the number and class of shares owned by such holder in the Corporation. Each such certificate shall be signed by, or in the name of the Corporation by, the Chairman or Vice Chairman, if any, of the Board of Directors, or the President or a Vice President, and the Treasurer or an Assistant Treasurer, or the Secretary or an Assistant Secretary of the Corporation. Any or all of the signatures on the certificate may be a facsimile.

          Each certificate for shares of stock which are subject to any restriction on transfer pursuant to the Certificate of Incorporation, these Bylaws, applicable securities laws or any agreement among any number of stockholders or among such holders and the Corporation shall have conspicuously noted on the face or back of the certificate either the full text of the restriction or a statement of the existence of such restriction.

          There shall be set forth on the face or back of each certificate representing shares of such class or series of stock of the Corporation a statement that the Corporation will furnish without charge to each stockholder who so requests a copy of the full text of the powers, designations, preferences and relative, participating, optional or other special rights of each class of stock or series thereof and the qualifications, limitations or restrictions of such preferences and/or rights.

     SECTION 5.3 Transfers. Except as otherwise established by rules and regulations adopted by the Board of Directors, and subject to applicable law, shares of stock may be transferred on the books of the Corporation by the surrender to the Corporation or its transfer agent of the certificate representing such shares properly endorsed or accompanied by a written assignment or power of attorney properly executed, and with such proof of authority or the authenticity of signature as the Corporation or its transfer agent may reasonably require. Except as may be otherwise required by law, by the Certificate of Incorporation or by these Bylaws, the Corporation shall be entitled to treat the record holder of stock as shown on its books as the owner of such stock for all purposes, including the payment of dividends and the right to vote with respect to such stock, regardless of any transfer, pledge or other disposition of such stock until the shares have been transferred on the books of the Corporation in accordance with the requirements of these Bylaws.

     SECTION 5.4 Lost, Stolen or Destroyed Certificates. The Corporation may issue a new certificate of stock in place of any previously issued certificate alleged to have been lost,

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stolen, or destroyed, upon such terms and conditions as the Board of Directors may prescribe, including the presentation of reasonable evidence of such loss, theft or destruction and the giving of such indemnity as the Board of Directors may require for the protection of the Corporation or any transfer agent or registrar.

     SECTION 5.5 Record Date. The Board of Directors may fix in advance a date as a record date for the determination of the stockholders entitled to notice of or to vote at any meeting of stockholders, or entitled to receive payment of any dividend or other distribution or allotment of any rights in respect of any change, conversion or exchange of stock, or for the purpose of any other lawful action. Such record date shall not be more than 60 nor less than 10 days before the date of such meeting, nor more than 60 days prior to any other action to which such record date relates.

          If no record date is fixed, the record date for determining stockholders entitled to notice of or to vote at a meeting of stockholders shall be at the close of business on the day before the day on which notice is given, or, if notice is waived, at the close of business on the day before the day on which the meeting is held. If no record date is fixed, the record date for determining stockholders for any other purpose shall be at the close of business on the day on which the Board of Directors adopts the resolution relating to such purpose.

          A determination of stockholders of record entitled to notice of or to vote at a meeting of stockholders shall apply to any adjournment of the meeting; provided, however, that the Board of Directors may fix a new record date for the adjourned meeting.

     SECTION 5.6 Stockholders of Record. The Corporation shall be entitled to recognize the exclusive right of a person registered on its books as the owner of shares to receive dividends, to receive notifications, to vote as such owner, and to exercise all the rights and powers of an owner. The Corporation shall not be bound to recognize any equitable or other claim to or interest in such share or shares on the part of any other person, whether or not it shall have express or other notice thereof except as otherwise may be provided by the Delaware General Corporation Law.

ARTICLE VI

INSURANCE

          The Corporation may purchase and maintain insurance on behalf of any person who is or was a director, officer, employee or agent of the Corporation (or is or was serving at the request of the Corporation as a director, officer, partner, trustee, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust, employee benefit plan or other enterprise) against liability asserted against or incurred by such person in such capacity or arising from such person’s status as such (whether or not the corporation would have the power to indemnify such person against the same liability). For a period of six years after the effective time of the merger of Arch Wireless, Inc. and its subsidiaries and Metrocall Holdings, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the “Effective Time”), the Corporation shall cause to be maintained in effect for each current and former director and officer of Arch Wireless, Inc. and Metrocall Holdings, Inc. as of the Effective Time, liability insurance coverage with respect to matters arising at or prior to the Effective Time, in such amounts and containing such terms and conditions that are not materially less advantageous to such parties than the coverage applicable to such individuals immediately prior to the Effective Time.

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ARTICLE VII

INDEMNIFICATION

     SECTION 7.1 General. The Corporation shall, to the fullest extent permitted by the Delaware General Corporation Law (including, without limitation, Section 145 thereof) or other provisions of the laws of Delaware relating to indemnification of directors and officers, as the same may be amended and supplemented from time to time, indemnify any and all such persons whom it shall have power to indemnify under the Delaware General Corporation Law or such other provisions of law. The Corporation shall, and shall cause its respective subsidiaries to, jointly and severally fulfill and honor in all respects the obligations, including with respect to advancing expenses, pursuant to any indemnification agreements between Arch Wireless, Inc. or Metrocall Holdings, Inc., or any of their respective subsidiaries, and their respective current and former directors and officers in effect immediately prior to the Effective Time and any indemnification provisions under Arch Wireless, Inc.’s Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws or Metrocall Holdings, Inc.’s Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws, or the certificate of incorporation, bylaws and comparable organizational documents of such companies’ subsidiaries, respectively, as in effect on the Effective Date. In the event that the Corporation or any of its respective subsidiaries, successors or assigns (i) consolidates with or merges into any entity not affiliated with the Corporations and shall not be the continuing or surviving corporation or entity of such consolidation or merger or (ii) transfers all or substantially all of its properties and assets to entity not affiliated with any of the Corporation, then, and in each such case, reasonably adequate provisions shall be made so that its successors and assigns shall assume the obligations of the Corporation, or any such subsidiaries, as applicable, as set forth in this Article VII to the extent such assumption does not occur by operation of law. The indemnification provisions of this Article VII as in effect at the Effective Time shall not be amended, repealed or otherwise modified for a period of six years from the Effective Time in any manner that would adversely affect the rights thereunder of individuals who at the Effective Time were current or former directors or officers of Arch Wireless, Inc. or Metrocall Holdings, Inc. or their respective subsidiaries.

     SECTION 7.2 Indemnification in Actions, Suits or Proceedings Other Than Those By Or in Right of the Corporation. Without limiting the generality of Section 7.1, to the fullest extent permitted, and subject to the conditions imposed, by law, and pursuant to Section 145 of the General Corporation Law unless otherwise determined by the Board of Directors:

          (a) The Corporation shall indemnify any person who was or is a party or is threatened to be made a party to any threatened, pending completed action, suit or proceeding (whether criminal, administrative or investigative) by reason of fact that such person is or was a director or officer of the Corporation, or is or was serving at the request of the Corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust, employee benefit plan or other enterprise, against expenses (including attorneys’ fees), judgments, fines and amounts paid in settlement actually and reasonably incurred by such person in connection with such action, suit or proceeding if such person acted in good faith and in a

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manner which such person reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the Corporation, and with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, had no reasonable cause to believe that such conduct was unlawful. The termination of any action, suit or proceeding by judgment, order, settlement, conviction, or upon a plea of nolo contendere or its equivalent, shall not, of itself create a presumption that the person did not act in good faith and in a manner which such person reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the Corporation, and, with respect to any criminal action or preceding, had unreasonable cause to believe that such conduct was unlawful.

     SECTION 7.3 Indemnification in Actions, Suits or Proceedings By or in the Right of the Corporation.

          Without limiting the generality of Section 7.1, to the fullest extent permitted, and subject to the conditions imposed, by law, and pursuant to Section 145 of the General Corporation Law unless otherwise determined by the Board of Directors:

          (a) The Corporation shall indemnify any person who was or is a party or is threatened to be made a party to any threatened, pending or completed action, suit or proceeding by or in the right of the Corporation to procure a judgment in its favor by reason of the fact that such person is or was a director, officer, employee or agent of the Corporation, or is or was serving lat the request of the Corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust, employee benefit plan or other enterprise, against expenses (including attorneys’ fees) actually and reasonably incurred by such person in connection with the defense or settlement of such action or suit if such person acted in good faith and in a manner which such person reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the Corporation. No such indemnification shall be made in respect of any claim, issue or matter as to which such person shall have been adjudged to be liable to the Corporation unless and only to the extent that the court in which such action or suit was brought shall determine upon application that, despite the adjudication of liability but in view of all the circumstances of the case, such person is fairly and reasonably entitled to indemnity for such expenses which such court shall deem proper.

     SECTION 7.4 Authorization Of Indemnification. Any indemnification under this Section 7 shall be made by the Corporation only as authorized in the specific case upon a determination that indemnification of the director, officer, employee or agent is proper in the circumstances because such person or persons have met the applicable standard of conduct set forth in Sections 7.2 and 7.3 hereof. Such determination shall be made (a) by the Board of Directors by a majority vote of a quorum consisting of directors who were not parties to such action, suit or proceeding, or (b) if such a quorum is not obtainable, or, even if obtainable a quorum of disinterested directors so directs, by independent legal counsel, in a written opinion, or (c) by a majority of the stockholders entitled to vote generally in the election of directors.

     SECTION 7.5 Advancement Of Expenses. Corporation may advance expenses (including attorneys’ fees) incurred by a director or officer in advance of the final disposition of such action, suit or proceeding upon the receipt of an undertaking by or on behalf of the director or officer to repay such amount if it shall ultimately be determined that such director or officer is not entitled to indemnification.

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          The Corporation may advance expenses (including attorneys’ fees) incurred by any employee or agent in advance of the final disposition of such action, suit or proceeding upon such terms and condition, if any, as the Board of Directors deems appropriate.

ARTICLE VIII

GENERAL PROVISIONS

     SECTION 8.1 Fiscal Year. Except as from time to time otherwise designated by the Board of Directors, the fiscal year of the Corporation shall begin on the first day of January of each year and end on the last day of December in each year.

     SECTION 8.2 Corporate Seal. The corporate seal shall be in such form as shall be approved by the Board of Directors.

     SECTION 8.3 Waiver of Notice. Whenever notice is required to be given by law, by the Certificate of Incorporation or by these Bylaws, a written waiver signed by the person entitled to notice, or a waiver by electronic transmission by the person entitled to notice, whether before, at or after the time stated in such notice, shall be deemed equivalent to notice. Attendance of a person at a meeting shall constitute a waiver of notice of such meeting, except when the person attends a meeting for the express purpose of objecting at the beginning of the meeting, to the transaction of any business because the meeting is not lawfully called or convened.

     SECTION 8.4 Voting of Securities. Except as the Board of Directors may otherwise designate, the President or the Treasurer may waive notice of, and act as, or appoint any person or persons to act as, proxy or attorney-in-fact for this Corporation (with or without power of substitution) at any meeting of stockholders or shareholders of any other corporation or organization, the securities of which may be held by this Corporation.

     SECTION 8.5 Inspection Of Books And Records. Any stockholder, in person or by attorney or other agent, shall, upon written demand under oath stating the purpose thereof, have the right during the usual hours for business to inspect for any proper purpose the Corporation’s stock ledger, a list of its stockholders, and its other books and records, and to make copies or extracts therefrom. A proper purpose shall mean a purpose reasonably related to such person’s interest as a stockholder. In every instance where an attorney or other agent shall be the person who seeks the right to inspection, the demand under oath shall be accompanied by a power of attorney or such other writing which authorizes the attorney or other agent to so act on behalf of the stockholder. The demand under oath shall be directed to the Corporation at its registered office or at its principal place of business.

     SECTION 8.6 Dividends. The Board of Directors may declare dividends upon the capital stock of the Corporation, subject to the provisions of the Certificate of Incorporation (including the Certificate of Designation) and the laws of the State of Delaware.

     SECTION 8.7 Reserves. The Board of Directors may set apart, out of the funds of the Corporation available for dividends, a reserve or reserves for any proper purpose and may abolish any such reserve.

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     SECTION 8.8 Execution of Instruments. All checks, drafts or other orders for the payment of money, and promissory notes of the Corporation shall be signed by such officer or officers or such other person or persons as the Board of Directors may from time to time designate.

     SECTION 8.9 Evidence of Authority. A certificate by the Secretary, or an Assistant Secretary, or a temporary Secretary, as to any action taken by the stockholders, directors, a committee or any officer or representative of the Corporation shall as to all persons who rely on the certificate in good faith be conclusive evidence of such action.

     SECTION 8.10 Certificate of Incorporation. All references in these Bylaws to the Certificate of Incorporation shall be deemed to refer to the Certificate of Incorporation of the Corporation, as amended and in effect from time to time.

     SECTION 8.11 Transactions with Interested Parties. No contract or transaction between the Corporation and one or more of the directors or officers, or between the Corporation and any other corporation, partnership, association, or other organization in which one or more of the directors or officers are directors or officers, or have a financial interest, shall be void or voidable solely for this reason, or solely because the director or officer is present at or participates in the meeting of the Board of Directors or a committee of the Board of Directors at which the contract or transaction is authorized or solely because any such director’s or officer’s votes are counted for such purpose, if such contract or transaction complies with the provisions of Section 144 of the Delaware General Corporation Law.

     SECTION 8.12 Severability. Any determination that any provision of these Bylaws is for any reason inapplicable, illegal or ineffective shall not affect or invalidate any other provision of these Bylaws.

     SECTION 8.13 Pronouns. All pronouns used in these Bylaws shall be deemed to refer to the masculine, feminine or neuter, singular or plural, as the identity of the person or persons may require.

ARTICLE IX

AMENDMENTS

     Except as may be limited pursuant to Section 7.1, the Board of Directors shall have the power to amend or repeal any Bylaw adopted by the shareholders, and any Bylaw adopted by the Board of Directors shall be subject to amendment or repeal by the shareholders as well as by the directors either by the shareholders at any meeting, or by vote of a majority of the shares present or represented thereat, or by the Board of Directors by a vote of a majority of the Board of Directors; except that Section 4.9 of the Bylaws may be amended only by the affirmative vote of two-thirds (2/3) of the directors of the Board of Directors.

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