SECTION 1. PURPOSE.
The purpose of the Capitol Bancorp Ltd.
Management Incentive Plan
is to promote and advance the
interests of Capitol Bancorp Ltd.
, a Michigan
corporation (the Corporation) and its shareholders
by enabling the Corporation to attract, retain and reward key employees of the Corporation and its
Affiliates, and to qualify incentive compensation paid to Participants who are covered Employees as
performance-based compensation within the meaning of Section 162(m) of the Code.
SECTION 2. DEFINITIONS.
The terms below shall have the following meanings:
(a) Affiliate means (i) any entity that is controlled by the Corporation, whether directly
or indirectly, and (ii) any entity in which the Corporation has a significant equity interest, as
determined by the Committee.
(b) Annual Base Salary means the Participants rate of annual salary as of the last December
1st occurring during the Performance Period.
(c) Board means the Board of Directors of the Corporation.
(d) Code means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.
(e) Committee means the committee appointed by the Board to administer the Plan as provided
herein. Unless otherwise determined by the Board, the Compensation Committee of the Board shall be
(g) Covered Employee means a covered employee within the meaning of Section 162(m)(3) of
(h) Incentive Payment means, with respect to each Participant, the amount he or she may
receive for the applicable Performance Period as established by the Committee pursuant to the
provisions of the Plan.
(i) Participant means any employee of the Corporation or an Affiliate who is designated by
the Committee as eligible to receive an Incentive Payment under the Plan.
(j) Performance Goals means (i) earnings per share, (ii) return measures (including, but not
limited to, return on assets, equity or sales), (iii) net income (before or after taxes), (iv) cash
flow (including, but not limited to, operating cash flow and free cash flow), (v)
cash flow return on investments, which equals net cash flows divided by owners equity, (vi)
earnings before or after taxes, interest, depreciation and/or amortization, (vii) internal rate of
return or increase in net present value, (viii) gross revenues, (ix) gross margins or (x) share
price (including, but not limited to, growth measures and total shareholder return). Performance
Goals with respect to awards for employees who are not Covered Employees may also be based on any
other objective performance goals as may be established by the Committee for a Performance Period.
Performance Goals may be absolute in their terms or measured against or in relationship to other
companies comparably, similarly or otherwise situated and may be based on or adjusted for any other
objective goals, events, or occurrences established by the Committee for a Performance Period. Such
Performance Goals may be particular to a line of business, subsidiary or other unit or may be based
on the performance of the Corporation generally. Such Performance Goals may cover such period as
may be specified by the Committee.
(k) Performance Period means, with respect to any Incentive Payment, the period, not to be
less than 12 months, specified by the Committee, including but not limited to, for a one-year
performance period, the calendar year.
(l) Performance Targets mean the specific measures which must be satisfied in connection
with any Performance Goal prior to funding of any incentive pool.
SECTION 3. ADMINISTRATION.
The Plan shall be administered by the Committee. Subject to the express provisions of the Plan, the
Committee shall have exclusive authority to interpret the Plan, to promulgate, amend, and rescind
rules and regulations relating to it and to make all other determinations deemed necessary or
advisable in connection with the administration of the Plan, including, but not limited to,
determinations relating to eligibility, whether to make Incentive Payments, the terms of any such
payments, the time or times at which Performance Goals are established, the Performance Periods to
which Incentive Payments relate, and the actual dollar amount of any Incentive Payment. The
determinations of the Committee pursuant to this authority shall be conclusive and binding. The
Committee may, in its discretion, authorize the Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation to act
on its behalf, except with respect to matters relating to such Chief Executive Officer or which are
required to be certified by a majority of the Committee under the Plan, or which are required to be
handled exclusively by the Committee under Code Section 162(m) or the regulations promulgated
SECTION 4. ESTABLISHMENT OF PERFORMANCE GOALS AND INCENTIVE PAYMENTS.
(a) Prior to the earliest time required by Section 162(m) of the Code or the regulations
thereunder, the Committee shall, with the ratification of the outside directors of the Board (as
such term is defined in Code Section 162(m)) for each such Performance Period, determine and
establish in writing the following:
(i) The Performance Goals applicable to the Performance Period; and
(ii) The Performance Targets pursuant to which the total amount which may be available for
payment to all Participants as Incentive Payments based upon the relative level of attainment of
the Performance Goals may be calculated.
(b) After the end of each Performance Period, the Committee shall:
(i) Certify in writing, prior to the unconditional payment of any Incentive Payment, the level
of attainment of the Performance Goals for the Performance Period;
(ii) Determine the total amount available for Incentive Payments based on the relative level
of attainment of such Performance Goals;
(iii) In its sole discretion, adjust the size of, or eliminate, the total amount available for
Incentive Payments for the Performance Period; and
(iv) In its sole discretion, determine the share, if any, of the available amount to be paid
to each Participant as that Participants Incentive Payment, and authorize payment of such amount.
In the case of a Participant who is a Covered Employee, the Committee shall not be authorized to
increase the amount of the Incentive Payment for any Performance Period determined with respect to
any such individual by reference to the applicable Performance Targets except to the extent
permitted under Section 162(m) of the Code and regulations thereunder.
(c) The Committee may authorize a conditional payment of a Participants Incentive Payment
prior the end of a Performance Period based upon the Committees good faith determination of the
projected size of (i) the total amount which will become available for payment as Incentive
Payments for the Performance Period, and (ii) the amount determined with respect to any such
Participant by reference to the Performance Targets.
(d) Other Applicable Rules.
(i) Unless otherwise determined by the Committee with respect to any Covered Employee or by
the Corporations Chief Executive Officer with respect to any other Participant (unless otherwise
required by applicable law), no payment pursuant to this Plan shall be made to a Participant unless
the Participant is employed by the Corporation or an Affiliate as of the date of payment; provided,
however, in the event of the Participants (A) retirement in accordance with the policies of the
Corporation or Affiliate which employs the Participant, (B) death, or (C) disability (within the
meaning of such term as set forth in any long-term disability plan of the Corporation or its
successor, the provisions of which are incorporated herein by reference, or as the Committee shall
determine based on information provided to it), the Corporation shall pay the Participant an
Incentive Payment for the applicable Performance Period, which Incentive Payment shall be prorated
based on the number of months the Participant was employed by the Corporation or an Affiliate
during the applicable Performance Period, in which the Participants retirement, death or
disability occurred. In the case of the Participants retirement, such payment shall be made at the
end of the Performance Period during which the Participant retired in the normal course of payments made to all other participants, and
the case of the Participants death or disability, such payment shall be made as soon as is
administratively feasible following the date of the Participants death or disability.
(ii) Incentive Payments shall be subject to applicable federal, state and local withholding
taxes and other applicable withholding in accordance with the Corporations payroll practices as
from time-to-time in effect.
(iii) The maximum amount which may become payable to any Covered Employee in any calendar year
as an Incentive Payment with respect to all Performance Periods completed during such calendar year
shall be the lesser of (A) 300% of such Participants Annual Base Salary, and (B) $5,000,000.
(iv) Incentive Payments calculated by reference to any Performance Periods shall be payable in
cash; provided however, that such percentage, if any, as determined by the Committee shall
automatically be invested on behalf of the recipient in shares of the Corporations common stock
(Shares). Any such Shares shall be subject to restrictions as may be determined by the Committee.
In each case, Incentive Payments shall be made as soon as practical after the completion of the
Performance Period. Notwithstanding anything in this subsection to the contrary, if a Participant
elects to defer receipt of all or any portion of an Incentive Payment under the provisions of any
deferred compensation plan maintained by the Corporation, the provisions in this Plan (including
the Provisions of this subsection) regarding the timing and form of payment of Incentive Payments
shall cease to apply to such deferred amounts and the provisions of the applicable deferred
compensation plan shall govern the timing and form of payment of such deferred amounts.
(v) A Participant shall have the right to defer any or all of any Incentive Payment as
permitted under the provisions of any deferred compensation plan maintained by the Corporation. The
Committee, in its sole discretion, may impose limitations on the percentage or dollar amount of any
Participant election to defer any Incentive Payment and may impose rules prohibiting the deferral
of less than 100% of any Incentive Payment.
(vi) Until paid to a Participant, awards may not be assigned, alienated, transferred or
encumbered in any way other than by will or pursuant to laws of intestacy.
SECTION 5. AMENDMENT OR TERMINATION.
The Committee may amend, modify or terminate the Plan in any respect at any time without the
consent of any Participant. Any such action may be taken without the approval of the Corporations
shareholders unless shareholder approval is required by applicable law. Termination of the Plan
shall not affect any Incentive Payments earned prior to, but payable on or after, the date of
termination, and any such payments shall continue to be subject to the terms of the Plan
notwithstanding its termination.
SECTION 6. CHANGE OF CONTROL.
Notwithstanding any other provision hereof, in the event of a Change of Control of the
Corporation as defined in any Capitol Bancorp Ltd.
Executive Officer Employment Agreements, the
following provisions shall be applicable:
(a) The Performance Periods then in effect will be deemed to have concluded on the date of the
Change of Control of the Corporation and the total amount deemed to be available to fund the
related incentive pools will be that proportion of the amount (based upon the number of months in
such Performance Period elapsed through the date of Change of Control of the Corporation) which
would be available for funding assuming the Corporation had attained Performance Goals at a level
generating maximum funding for the Performance Periods; and
(b) The Committee, in its sole discretion, will approve the share of the available amount
payable to each Participant as that Participants Incentive Payment (provided that in all events
the entire available amount as calculated pursuant to Section 6(a) shall be paid to Participants as
Incentive Payments), and payments shall be made to each Participant as soon thereafter as is
SECTION 7. EFFECTIVE DATE OF THE PLAN.
This Capitol Bancorp Ltd.
Management Incentive Plan
is effective as of February 6, 2003 (subject to
approval of the shareholders of the Corporation on May 8, 2003), and thereafter shall remain in
effect until terminated in accordance with Section 5 hereof.
SECTION 8. GENERAL PROVISIONS.
(a) The establishment of the Plan shall not confer upon any Participant any legal or equitable
right against the Corporation or any Affiliate, except as expressly provided in the Plan.
(b) The Plan does not constitute an inducement or consideration for the employment of any
Participant, nor is it a contract between the Corporation, or any Affiliate, and any Participant.
Participation in the Plan shall not give a Participant any right to be retained in the employ of
the Corporation or any Affiliate.
(c) Nothing contained in this Plan shall prevent the Board or Committee from adopting other or
additional compensation arrangements, subject to shareholder approval if such approval is required
and such arrangements may be either generally applicable or applicable only in specific cases.
The Plan shall be governed, construed and administered in accordance with the laws of the
State of Michigan
except to the extent such laws may be superseded by federal law.
(e) This Plan is intended to comply in all aspects with applicable law and regulation,
including, with respect to those Participants who are Covered Employees, Section 162(m) of the
Code. In case any one or more of the provisions of this Plan shall be held invalid, illegal or
unenforceable in any respect under applicable law or regulation, the validity, legality and
enforceability of the remaining provisions shall not in any way be affected or impaired
thereby and the invalid, illegal or unenforceable provision shall be deemed null and void; however,
to the extent permissible by law, any provision which could be deemed null and void shall first be
construed, interpreted or revised retroactively to permit this Plan to be construed in compliance
with all applicable laws including, without limitation, Code Section 162(m), so as to carry out the
intent of this Plan.
Compensation Committee Approved: February 6, 2003
Board Approved: February 6, 2003
Shareholders Approved: February 6, 2003