This Agreement, made and entered into effective as of the 4th day of
March, 2005 ("Agreement"), by and between Ladenburg Xxxxxxxx Financial Services
Inc., a Florida corporation ("Corporation"), and Xxxx X. Xxxxx ("Indemnitee"):
WHEREAS, highly competent persons recently have become more
reluctant to serve publicly-held corporations as directors, officers, or in
other capacities, unless they are provided with better protection from the risk
of claims and actions against them arising out of their service to and
activities on behalf of such corporation; and
WHEREAS, the current impracticability of obtaining adequate
insurance and the uncertainties related to indemnification have increased the
difficulty of attracting and retaining such persons; and
WHEREAS, the Board of Directors of the Corporation ("Board") has
determined that the inability to attract and retain such persons is detrimental
to the best interests of the Corporation's stockholders and that such persons
should be assured that they will have better protection in the future; and
WHEREAS, it is reasonable, prudent and necessary for the Corporation
to obligate itself contractually to indemnify such persons to the fullest extent
permitted by applicable law so that such persons will serve or continue to serve
the Corporation free from undue concern that they will not be adequately
WHEREAS, this Agreement is a supplement to and in furtherance of
Article VII of the By-laws of the Corporation, and Article XI of the Articles of
Incorporation of the Corporation, as amended, and any resolutions adopted
pursuant thereto and shall neither be deemed to be a substitute therefor nor to
diminish or abrogate any rights of Indemnitee thereunder; and
WHEREAS, Indemnitee is willing to serve and to take on additional
service for or on behalf of the Corporation on the condition that he or she be
indemnified according to the terms of this Agreement;
NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the premises and the covenants
contained herein, the Corporation and Indemnitee do hereby covenant and agree as
1. Definitions. For purposes of this Agreement:
1.1 "Change in Control" means a change in control of the Corporation
occurring after the date hereof of a nature that would be required to be
reported in response to Item 6(e) of Schedule 14A of Regulation 14A (or in
response to any similar item on any similar schedule or form) promulgated under
the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended ("Act"), whether or not the
Corporation is then subject to such reporting requirement provided, however,
that, without limitation, such a Change in Control shall be deemed to have
occurred if after the date hereof (i) any "person" (as such term is used in
Sections 13(d) and 14(d) of the Act) is or becomes "beneficial owner" (as
defined in Rule 13d-3 under the Act), directly or indirectly, of securities of
the Corporation representing 20% or more of the combined voting power of the
then outstanding securities of the Corporation without the prior approval of at
least two-thirds of the members of the Board in office immediately prior to such
person attaining such percentage interest; (ii) the Corporation is a party to a
merger, consolidation, sale of assets or other reorganization, or a proxy
contest, as a consequence of which members of the Board in office immediately
prior to such transaction or event constitute less than a majority of the Board
thereafter; or (iii) during any period of two consecutive years, individuals who
at the beginning of such period constituted the Board (including for this
purpose any new director whose election or nomination for election by the
Corporation's stockholders was approved by a vote of at least two-thirds of the
directors then still in office who were directors at the beginning of such
period) cease for any reason to constitute at least a majority of the Board.
1.2 "Corporate Status" means the status of a person who is or was a
director, officer, employee, agent or fiduciary of the Corporation or of any
other corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust, employee benefit plan or
other enterprise which such person is or was serving at the request of the
1.3 "Disinterested Director" means a director of the Corporation who is
not and was not a party to the Proceeding in respect of which indemnification is
sought by Indemnitee.
1.4 "Expenses" means all reasonable attorneys' fees, retainers, court
costs, transcript costs, fees of experts, witness fees, travel expenses,
duplicating costs, printing and binding costs, telephone charges, postage,
delivery service fees, and all other disbursements or expenses of the types
customarily incurred in connection with prosecuting, defending, preparing to
prosecute or defend, investigating, or being or preparing to be a witness in a
1.5 "Independent Counsel" means a law firm, or a member of a law firm,
that is experienced in matters of corporation law and neither presently is, nor
in the past five years has been, retained to represent: (i) the Corporation or
Indemnitee in any other matter material to either such party, or (ii) any other
party to the Proceeding giving rise to a claim for indemnification hereunder.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, the term "Independent Counsel" shall not include
any person who, under the applicable standards of professional conduct then
prevailing, would have a conflict of interest in representing either the
Corporation or Indemnitee in an action to determine Indemnitee's rights under
this Agreement. Independent Counsel shall be selected by (a) the Disinterested
Directors or (b) a committee of the Board consisting of two or more
Disinterested Directors or if (a) and (b) above are not possible, then by a
majority of the full Board.
1.6 "Proceeding" means any action, suit, arbitration, alternate dispute
resolution mechanism, investigation, administrative hearing or any other
proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative, except one
initiated by an Indemnitee pursuant to Section 11 of this Agreement to enforce
his rights under this Agreement.
2. Services by Indemnitee.
Indemnitee agrees to serve as a director of the Corporation. Indemnitee
may at any time and for any reason resign from such position (subject to any
other contractual obligation or any obligation imposed by operation of law).
3. Indemnification - General.
The Corporation shall indemnify, and advance Expenses to, Indemnitee as
provided in this Agreement to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law in
effect on the date hereof and to such greater extent as applicable law may
thereafter from time to time permit. The rights of Indemnitee provided under the
preceding sentence shall include, but shall not be limited to, the rights set
forth in the other Sections of this Agreement.
4. Proceedings Other Than Proceedings by or in the Right of the Corporation.
Indemnitee shall be entitled to the rights of indemnification provided in
this Section if, by reason of his Corporate Status, he or she is, or is
threatened to be made, a party to any threatened, pending or completed
Proceeding, other than a Proceeding by or in the right of the Corporation.
Pursuant to this Section, Indemnitee shall be indemnified against Expenses,
judgments, penalties, fines and amounts paid in settlement actually and
reasonably incurred by him or on his behalf in connection with any such
Proceeding or any claim, issue or matter therein, if he or she acted in good
faith and in a manner he or she reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to
the best interests of the Corporation, and, with respect to any criminal
Proceeding, had no reasonable cause to believe his conduct was unlawful.
5. Proceedings by or in the Right of the Corporation.
Indemnitee shall be entitled to the rights of indemnification provided in
this Section if, by reason of his Corporate Status, he or she is, or is
threatened to be made, a party to any threatened, pending or completed
Proceeding brought by or in the right of the Corporation to procure a judgment
in its favor. Pursuant to this Section, Indemnitee shall be indemnified against
Expenses actually and reasonably incurred by him or on his behalf in connection
with any such Proceeding if he or she acted in good faith and in a manner he or
she reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the
Corporation. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no indemnification against such
Expenses shall be made in respect of any claim, issue or matter in any such
proceeding as to which Indemnitee shall have been adjudged to be liable to the
Corporation if applicable law prohibits such indemnification unless the court in
which such Proceeding shall have been brought or is pending, shall determine
that indemnification against Expenses may nevertheless be made by the
6. Indemnification for Expenses of Party Who is Wholly or Partly Successful.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this Agreement, to the extent that
Indemnitee is, by reason of his Corporate Status, a party to and is successful,
on the merits or otherwise, in any Pro-
ceeding, he or she shall be indemnified against all Expenses actually and
reasonably incurred by him or on his behalf in connection therewith. If
Indemnitee is not wholly successful in such Proceeding but is successful, on the
merits or otherwise, as to one or more but less than all claims, issues or
matters in such Proceeding, the Corporation shall indemnify Indemnitee against
all Expenses actually and reasonably incurred by him or on his behalf in
connection with each successfully resolved claim, issue or matter. For the
purposes of this Section and without limiting the foregoing, the termination of
any claim, issue or matter in any such Proceeding by dismissal, with or without
prejudice, shall be deemed to be a successful result as to such claim, issue or
7. Indemnification for Expenses as a Witness.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this Agreement, to the extent that
Indemnitee is, by reason of his Corporate Status, a witness in any Proceeding,
he or she shall be indemnified against all Expenses actually and reasonably
incurred by him or on his behalf in connection therewith.
8. Advancement of Expenses.
The Corporation shall advance all Expenses incurred by or on behalf of
Indemnitee in connection with any Proceeding within twenty days after the
receipt by the Corporation of a statement or statements from Indemnitee
requesting such advance or advances from time to time, whether prior to or after
final disposition of such Proceeding. Such statement or statements shall
reasonably evidence the Expenses incurred by Indemnitee and shall include or be
preceded or accompanied by an undertaking by or on behalf of Indemnitee to repay
any Expenses advanced if it shall ultimately be determined that Indemnitee is
not entitled to be indemnified against such Expenses.
9. Procedure for Determination of Entitlement to Indemnification.
9.1 To obtain indemnification under this Agreement in connection with
any Proceeding, and for the duration thereof, Indemnitee shall submit to the
Corporation a written request, including therein or therewith such documentation
and information as is reasonably available to Indemnitee and is reasonably
necessary to determine whether and to what extent Indemnitee is entitled to
indemnification. The Secretary of the Corporation shall, promptly upon receipt
of any such request for indemnification, advise the Board in writing that
Indemnitee has requested indemnification.
9.2 Upon written request by Indemnitee for indemnification pursuant to
Section 9.1 hereof, a determination, if required by applicable law, with respect
to Indemnitee's entitlement thereto shall be made in such case: (i) if a Change
in Control shall have occurred, by Independent Counsel (unless Indemnitee shall
request that such determination be made by the Board or the stockholders, in
which case in the manner provided for in clauses (ii) or (iii) of this Section
9.2) in a written opinion to the Board, a copy of which shall be delivered to
Indemnitee; (ii) if a Change of Control shall not have occurred, (A) by the
Board by a majority vote of a quorum consisting of Disinterested Directors, or
(B) if a quorum of the Board consisting of Disinterested Directors is not
obtainable, by a majority of a committee of the Board consisting of two or more
Disinterested Directors, or (C) by Independent Counsel in a written opinion to
the Board, a copy of which shall be
delivered to Indemnitee, or (D) by the stockholders of the Corporation, by a
majority vote of a quorum consisting of stockholders who are not parties to the
proceeding, or if no such quorum is obtainable, by a majority vote of
stockholders who are not parties to such proceeding; or (iii) as provided in
Section 10.2 of this Agreement. If it is so determined that Indemnitee is
entitled to indemnification, payment to Indemnitee shall be made within ten (10)
days after such determination. Indemnitee shall cooperate with the person,
persons or entity making such determination with respect to Indemnitee's
entitlement to indemnification, including providing to such person, persons or
entity upon reasonable advance request any documentation or information which is
not privileged or otherwise protected from disclosure and which is reasonably
available to Indemnitee and reasonably necessary to such determination. Any
costs or expenses (including attorneys' fees and disbursements) incurred by
Indemnitee in so cooperating with the person, persons or entity making such
determination shall be borne by the Corporation (irrespective of the
determination as to Indemnitee's entitlement to indemnification) and the
Corporation hereby indemnifies and agrees to hold Indemnitee harmless therefrom.
9.3 If a Change of Control shall have occurred, Independent Counsel
shall be selected by Indemnitee (unless Indemnitee shall request that such
selection be made by the Board), and Indemnitee shall give written notice to the
Corporation advising it of the identity of Independent Counsel so selected. In
either event, Indemnitee or the Corporation, as the case may be, may, within
seven days after such written notice of selection shall have been given, deliver
to the Corporation or to Indemnitee, as the case may be, a written objection to
such selection. Such objection may be asserted only on the ground that
Independent Counsel so selected does not meet the requirements of "Independent
Counsel" as defined in Section 1 of this Agreement, and the objection shall set
forth with particularity the factual basis of such assertion. If such written
objection is made, Independent Counsel so selected may not serve as Independent
Counsel unless and until a court has determined that such objection is without
merit. If, within 20 days after submission by Indemnitee of a written request
for indemnification pursuant to Section 9.1 hereof, no Independent Counsel shall
have been selected and not objected to, either the Corporation or Indemnitee may
petition a court of competent jurisdiction, for resolution of any objection
which shall have been made by the Corporation or Indemnitee to the other's
selection of Independent Counsel and/or for the appointment as Independent
Counsel of a person selected by such court or by such other person as such court
shall designate, and the person with respect to whom an objection is so resolved
or the person so appointed shall act as Independent Counsel under Section 9.2
hereof. The Corporation shall pay any and all reasonable fees and expenses of
Independent Counsel incurred by such Independent Counsel in connection with its
actions pursuant to this Agreement, and the Corporation shall pay all reasonable
fees and expenses incident to the procedures of this Section 9.3, regardless of
the manner in which such Independent Counsel was selected or appointed. Upon the
due commencement date of any judicial proceeding pursuant to Section 11.1(iii)
of this Agreement, Independent Counsel shall be discharged and relieved of any
further responsibility in such capacity (subject to the applicable standards of
professional conduct then prevailing).
10. Presumptions and Effects of Certain Proceedings.
10.1 In making a determination with respect to entitlement to
indemnification hereunder, the person or persons or entity making such
determination shall presume that Indemnitee is entitled to indemnification under
this Agreement if Indemnitee has submitted a request for indemnification in
accordance with Section 9.1 of this Agreement, and the Corporation shall have
the burden of proof to overcome that presumption in connection with the making
by any person, persons or entity of any determination contrary to that
10.2 If the person, persons or entity empowered or selected under Section
9 of this Agreement to determine whether Indemnitee is entitled to
indemnification shall not have made a determination within 60 days after receipt
by the Corporation of the request therefor, the requisite determination of
entitlement to indemnification shall be deemed to have been made and Indemnitee
shall be entitled to such indemnification, absent (i) a misstatement by
Indemnitee of a material fact, or an omission of a material fact necessary to
make Indemnitee's statement not materially misleading, in connection with the
request for indemnification, or (ii) prohibition of such indemnification under
applicable law provided, however, that such 60-day period may be extended for a
reasonable time, not to exceed an additional 30 days, if the person, persons or
entity making the determination with respect to entitlement to indemnification
in good faith require(s) such additional time for the obtaining or evaluating of
documentation and/or information relating thereto and provided, further, that
the foregoing provisions of this Section 10.2 shall not apply (i) if the
determination of entitlement to indemnification is to be made by the
stockholders pursuant to Section 9.2 of this Agreement and if (A) within 15 days
after receipt by the Corporation of the request for such determination the Board
has resolved to submit such determination to the stockholders for their
consideration at an annual meeting thereof to be held within 75 days after such
receipt and such determination is made thereat, or (B) a special meeting of
stockholders is called within 15 days after such receipt for the purpose of
making such determination, such meeting is held for such purpose within 60 days
after having been so called and such determination is made thereat, or (ii) if
the determination of entitlement to indemnification is to be made by Independent
Counsel pursuant to Section 9.2 of this Agreement.
10.3 The termination of any Proceeding or of any claim, issue or matter
therein, by judgment, order, settlement or conviction, or upon a plea of nolo
contendere or its equivalent, shall not (except as otherwise expressly provided
in this Agreement) of itself adversely affect the right of Indemnitee to
indemnification or create a presumption that Indemnitee did not act in good
faith and in a manner which he or she reasonably believed to be in or not
opposed to the best interests of the Corporation or, with respect to any
criminal Proceeding, that Indemnitee had reasonable cause to believe that his or
her conduct was unlawful.
11. Remedies of Indemnitee.
11.1 In the event that (i) a determination is made pursuant to Section 9
of this Agreement that Indemnitee is not entitled to indemnification under this
Agreement, (ii) advancement of Expenses is not timely made pursuant to Section 8
of this Agreement, (iii) the determination of indemnification is to be made by
Independent Counsel pursuant to Section 9.2 of this Agreement and
such determination shall not have been made and delivered in a written opinion
within 90 days after receipt by the Corporation of the request for
indemnification, (iv) payment of indemnification is not made pursuant to Section
7 of this Agreement within ten days after receipt by the Corporation of a
written request therefor, or (v) payment of indemnification is not made within
ten days after a determination has been made that Indemnitee is entitled to
indemnification or such determination is deemed to have been made pursuant to
Section 9 or 10 of this Agreement, Indemnitee shall be entitled to an
adjudication in an appropriate court of the State of Florida, or in any other
court of competent jurisdiction, of his or her entitlement to such
indemnification or advancement of Expenses. The Corporation shall not oppose
Indemnitee's right to seek any such adjudication.
11.2 In the event that a determination shall have been made pursuant to
Section 9 of this Agreement that Indemnitee is not entitled to indemnification,
any judicial proceeding commenced pursuant to this Section shall be conducted in
all respects as a de novo trial on the merits and Indemnitee shall not be
prejudiced by reason of that adverse determination. The presumptions in Section
10.1 hereof shall apply to any such judicial proceeding to the extent legally
11.3 If a determination shall have been made or deemed to have been made
pursuant to Section 9 or 10 of this Agreement that Indemnitee is entitled to
indemnification, the Corporation shall be bound by such determination in any
judicial proceeding commenced pursuant to this Section, absent (i) a
misstatement by Indemnitee of a material fact, or an omission of a material fact
necessary to make Indemnitee's statement not materially misleading, in
connection with the request for indemnification, or (ii) prohibition of such
indemnification under applicable law.
11.4 The Corporation shall be precluded from asserting in any judicial
proceeding commenced pursuant to this Section that the procedures and
presumptions of this Agreement are not valid, binding and enforceable and shall
stipulate in any such court that the Corporation is bound by all the provisions
of this Agreement.
11.5 In the event that Indemnitee, pursuant to this Section, seeks a
judicial adjudication of his or her rights under, or to recover damages for
breach of, this Agreement, Indemnitee shall be entitled to recover from the
Corporation, and shall be indemnified by the Corporation against, any and all
expenses (of the kinds described in the definition of Expenses) actually and
reasonably incurred by him in such judicial adjudication, but only if he or she
prevails therein. If it shall be determined in such judicial adjudication that
Indemnitee is entitled to receive all of the indemnification or advancement of
expenses sought, the expenses incurred by Indemnitee in connection with such
judicial adjudication shall be appropriately prorated.
12. Non-Exclusivity; Survival of Rights; Insurance; Subrogation.
12.1 The rights of indemnification and to receive advancement of Expenses
as provided by this Agreement shall not be deemed exclusive of any other rights
to which Indemnitee may at any time be entitled under applicable law, the
certificate of incorporation or by-laws of the Corporation, any agreement, a
vote of stockholders or a resolution of directors, or otherwise. No amendment,
alteration or repeal of this Agreement or any provision hereof shall be
effective as to any Indemnitee
with respect to any action taken or omitted by such Indemnitee in his Corporate
Status prior to such amendment, alteration or repeal.
12.2 To the extent that the Corporation maintains an insurance policy or
policies providing liability insurance for directors, officers, employees,
agents or fiduciaries of the Corporation or of any other corporation,
partnership, joint venture, trust, employee benefit plan or other enterprise
which such person serves at the request of the Corporation, Indemnitee shall be
covered by such policy or policies in accordance with its or their terms to the
maximum extent of the coverage available for any such director, officer,
employee, agent or fiduciary under such policy or policies.
12.3 In the event of any payment under this Agreement, the Corporation
shall be subrogated to the extent of such payment to all of the rights of
recovery of Indemnitee, who shall execute all papers required and take all
action necessary to secure such rights, including execution of such documents as
are necessary to enable the Corporation to bring suit to enforce such rights.
12.4 The Corporation shall not be liable under this Agreement to make any
payment of amounts otherwise indemnifiable hereunder if and to the extent that
Indemnitee has otherwise actually received such payment under any insurance
policy, contract, agreement or otherwise.
13. Duration of Agreement.
This Agreement shall continue until and terminate upon the later of: (a)
ten years after the date that Indemnitee shall have ceased to have any Corporate
Status with the Corporation, (b) final termination of all pending Proceedings in
respect of which Indemnitee is granted rights of indemnification or advancement
of Expenses hereunder and or any proceeding commenced by Indemnitee pursuant to
Section 11 of this Agreement; and (c) expiration of the statute of limitations
for any claims that could be asserted for which Indemnitee would be indemnified
hereunder. This Agreement shall be binding upon the Corporation and its
successors and assigns and shall inure to the benefit of Indemnitee and his
heirs, executors and administrators.
If any provision or provisions of this Agreement shall be held to be
invalid, illegal or unenforceable for any reason whatsoever: (a) the validity,
legality and enforceability of the remaining provisions of this Agreement
(including, without limitation, each portion of any Section of this Agreement
containing any such provision held to be invalid, illegal or unenforceable, that
is not itself invalid, illegal or unenforceable) shall not in any way be
affected or impaired thereby; and (b) to the fullest extent possible, the
provisions of this Agreement (including, without limitation, each portion of any
Section of this Agreement containing any such provision held to be invalid,
illegal or unenforceable, that is not itself invalid, illegal or unenforceable)
shall be construed so as to give effect to the intent manifested by the
provision held invalid, illegal or unenforceable.
15. Exception to Right of Indemnification or Advancement of Expenses.
Except as provided in Section 11.5 or with the consent of the Board of
Directors, Indemnitee shall not be entitled to indemnification or advancement of
Expenses under this Agreement with respect to any Proceeding, or any claim
therein, brought or made by him against the Corporation.
16. Identical Counterparts.
This Agreement may be executed in one or more counterparts, each of which
shall for all purposes be deemed to be an original but all of which together
shall constitute one and the same Agreement.
The headings of the paragraphs of this Agreement are inserted for
convenience only and shall not be deemed to constitute part of this Agreement or
to affect the construction thereof.
18. Modification and Waiver.
No supplement, modification or amendment of this Agreement shall be
binding unless executed in writing by both of the parties hereto. No waiver of
any of the provisions of this Agreement shall be deemed or shall constitute a
waiver of any other provisions hereof (whether or not similar) nor shall such
waiver constitute a continuing waiver.
19. Notice by Indemnitee.
Indemnitee agrees promptly to notify the Corporation in writing upon being
served with any summons, citation, subpoena, complaint, indictment, information
or other document relating any Proceeding or matter which may be subject to
indemnification or advancement of Expenses covered hereunder.
All notices, requests, demands and other communications hereunder shall be
in writing and shall be deemed to have been duly given if (i) delivered by hand
and receipted for by the party to whom such notice or other communication shall
have been directed, or (ii) mailed by certified or registered mail with postage
prepaid, on the third business day after the date on which it is so mailed:
If to Indemnitee, to:
Xxxx X. Xxxxx
0 Xxxxxxxx Xxxx
Xxxxxxxxx, Xxx Xxxx 00000
If to the Corporation, to:
Ladenburg Xxxxxxxx Financial Services Inc.
000 Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx, 00xx Xxxxx
Xxx Xxxx, Xxx Xxxx 00000
Attention: Corporate Secretary
or to such other address or such other person as Indemnitee or the Corporation
shall designate in writing in accordance with this Section, except that notices
regarding changes in notices shall be effective only upon receipt.
21. Governing Law.
The parties agree that this Agreement shall be governed by, and construed
and enforced in accordance with, the laws of the State of Florida.
Use of the masculine pronoun shall be deemed to include usage of the
feminine pronoun where appropriate.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties hereto have executed this Agreement on the
day and year first above written.
LADENBURG XXXXXXXX FINANCIAL SERVICES INC.
By: /s/ Xxxxxxxxx Xxxxxxxx
Xxxxxxxxx Xxxxxxxx, Vice President and CFO
/s/ Xxxx X. Xxxxx
XXXX X. XXXXX