Cancer Sample Clauses

Cancer. Cancer (the suite of diseases resulting in abnormally and often uncontrollable growth of malignant cells) collectively forms the second leading cause of death in the United States. The CDC believes it will soon become the leading cause of death [2]. According to the community and provider surveys, there is high public concern regarding cancer. The population affected by cancer is not very large, but due to high rates of morbidity, hospitalizations, and costs associated with cancer treatment, it ranks high in the list of health concerns for the Parkview region. Many preventive and clinical treatments exist to prevent or manage a variety of cancers. Table 6: Cancer Age adjusted death rates Allen Huntington Kosciusko LaGrange Noble Wabash Whitley All sites malignant neoplasms 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.1% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% Breast cancer 0.02% 0.004% 0.023% 0.01% 0.01% 0.01% 0.02% Prostate cancer 0.01% 0.01% 0.01% 0.01% 0.01% 0.01% 0.01% Colorectal cancer 0.01% 0.01% 0.02% 0.01% 0.02% 0.01% 0.01%
Cancer. I. A malignant tumor characterized by the uncontrolled growth & spread of malignant cells with invasion & destruction of normal tissues. This diagnosis must be supported by histological evidence of malignancy & confirmed by a pathologist. The term cancer includes leukemia, lymphoma and sarcoma.
Cancer. Illness manifested by the presence of a malignant tumor, characterized by growth and proliferation of malignant cells, capable of cell transfers and invasion of other organs not directly related. The capacity to make metastasis is a characteristic of all malignant tumors.
Cancer a growth or tumour of any kind including moles removed (malignant/benign)? Please specify if these were benign or malignant. Name of memberCondition and date diagnosedName of medicationAre you currently on treatment?Last treatment/ symptoms dateAttending doctor 6.2.11 Are you or any of your dependants currently undergoing, or anticipating any specialised dental/maxillo facial treatment?Yes No Name of memberCondition and date diagnosedName of medicationAre you currently on treatment?Last treatment/ symptoms dateAttending doctor 6.2.12 Are you or any of your dependants taking ongoing medication for any condition not listed in any other question?Yes No Name of memberCondition and date diagnosedName of medicationAre you currently on treatment?Last treatment/ symptoms dateAttending doctor YesNo6.2.13 Have you or any of your dependants had an operation or admission to any hospital (including for injuries sustained in an accident or motor vehicle accident) in the last 12 months? Name of memberCondition and date diagnosedName of medicationAre you currently on treatment?Last treatment/ symptoms dateAttending doctor 6.2.14 Are you or any of your dependants awaiting or planning an operation or admission to any hospital in the next 12 months?Yes No Name of memberCondition and date diagnosedName of medicationAre you currently on treatment?Last treatment/ symptoms dateAttending doctor YesNo6.2.15 Is there any other condition or symptom, which is not detailed in any other question, for which medical advice, diagnosis, care or treatment has already been recommended or received by you or your dependants, or that could potentially result in a medical claim within the next 12 months? Name of memberCondition and date diagnosedName of medicationAre you currently on treatment?Last treatment/ symptoms dateAttending doctor Questions 6.2.16 to 6.2.17 apply to female applicantsYesNo6.2.16 Have you or any of your dependants had any of the following symptoms or conditions: abnormal pap smears or mammograms, excessive/abnormal bleeding, pelvic pains, endometriosis, ovarian cysts, fibroids, infertility, disorders of the cervix, recently missed or irregular menstrual cycles or do you suspect that you may be pregnant? Name of memberCondition and date diagnosedName of medicationAre you currently on treatment?Last treatment/ symptoms dateAttending doctor 6.2.17 Are you or any of your dependants currently pregnant?Yes No
Cancer. 1.1 Classification of cancerToday it is well established that cancers arise as a result of the numerous alterations that have occurred in the DNA sequence of cells. However, for decades cancer has been classified according to the site of origin, the grade and the stage of the disease.Typically, a biopsy from a suspected tumor is taken and the site of origin and grade is determined from histological analysis of the tissue. The site of origin describes the type of tissue in which the cancer cells begin to develop, for instance, adenocarcinoma (glandular tissue), carcinoma (epithelial tissue), leukemia (blood cells), lymphoma (lymph tissue), myeloma (bone marrow), sarcoma (connective tissue), blastoma (embryonic tissue) and so on. The grade of the disease is determined by examining the cells obtained through biopsy under a microscope. Increasing abnormality increases the grade; grade 1 cells have only slight abnormalities while grade 4 cells are immature and undifferentiated.The stage of the disease, on the other hand, is determined typically according to imaging and/or the tissue removed in surgery. The most commonly used staging system is the tumor node metastases (TNM) system (Sobin 2001) implemented 60 years ago. It classifies cancers by size (T0-T4), by amount of cancer positive lymph nodes (N0-N3) and by presence of distant metastases (M0-M1). Most of the common tumors have their own TNM classification. Other parameters of the TNM system include, for instance, serum tumor markers (S0-S3) and completeness of the operation (R0-R2). Commonly a small “p” is present indicating that the stage is given by pathologic examination of a surgical specimen instead of clinical examination that is indicated by “c”. For example, a biopsy from a breast tumor could be taken and classified as breast adenocarcinoma grade I. After surgical resection and lymph node analysis it could further be classified: small (T1), low-grade cancer (G1), no metastasis (M0), no spread to regional lymph nodes (N0), cancer completely removed (R0), and resection material seen by pathologist (p): pT1 pN0 M0 R0 G1. This grouping of TNM would be considered stage I. Generally stage I tumors can be cured by operation while higher, for example stage IV, are inoperable.This classification system is still the basis of prognosis, although we know that cancer arises from mutations, which today could be sequenced relatively easily. However, at the moment little is known of linking mutations and prognosis...
Cancer delivered by the Wellcome Genome Campus and RCPath,22 ‘UK Molecular
Cancer. Certain cancers (colon, rectum and prostate in men; uterus, biliary tract, breast and ovary in women) digestive tract diseases (gallstones, reflux, oesophagitis) and skin disorders are more prevalent in the obese. Advantages of weight loss• Reduction in blood pressure• Reduction in total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol• Increase in physical activity improving HDL levelsLowering of elevated blood glucose levelWeight loss reduces the risk factors for diabetes mellitus and coronary heart disease and cancer. COMPLICATIONS Medical field ConditionMedical field Condition Cardiovascul ar• Ischemic heart disease: angina and myocardial infarction• Congestive heart failure: 12% attributableto obesityHigh blood pressure: present in 85% of those with BMI>25• High cholesterol Gastrointesti nal • Gastroesophageal reflux disease• Fatty liver disease• Cholelithiasis (gallstones)• Hernia • Thrombosis and pulmonary embolism Endocrine and reproductive• Diabetes mellitus• Polycystic ovarian syndrome• Menstrual disorders• Infertility• Complications fr om pregnancy• Birth defects Respiratory • Obstructive sleep apnea• Obesity hypoventila tion syndrome• Asthma• Complications from general anaesthesia Musculoskele tal • Gout• Immobility• Osteoarthritis• Low back pain Psychological• Depression in women• Low self esteem• Body dysmorphic disorder• Social stigmatization Neurologic• Stroke• Meralgia paresthetica• Headache• Carpal tunnel syndrome• Dementia• Idiopathic intracranial hypertension Skin • Stretch marks• Acanthosis nigricans• Lymphedema• Cellulitis• Carbuncles• Intertrigo Cancer• Breast• Esophageal• Colorectal• Liver• Gallbladder• Pancreatic• Stomach, prostate• Endomaterial, cervical• Ovarian• Kidney• Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma• Multiple Genitourinar y • Erectile dysfunction• Urinary incontinence• Chronic renal failure• Hypogonadism• Stillbirth myeloma UNDERWEIGHT INTRODUCTION• Half the Indian rural population is underweight with up to three-quarters in deprived communities.• A very large proportion of rural Indian households have inadequate food supplies. Chronic energy deficiency is due to chronic food deficiency.• People whose BMI is less than 18.5 are considered as underweight. LIMITATION OF UNDERWEIGHT • Adults with BMI < 18.5 have reduced VO2 max, reduced capacity for sustained heavy work and a lower productivity.• Pregnant women show a proportional increase in the risk of an underweight baby born in relation to post-partum BMI and the BMI ranges from 25 to 16 or less.• ...
Cancer. In: Healthy people 2010: understanding and improving health and objectives for improving health (part A). Washington (DC): US Department of Health and Human Services, 2001. http://www.healthypeo- ple.gov/document/HTML/Volume1/03Cancer.htm. Accessed May 1, 2006.
Cancer. No studies were located regarding carcinogenic effects in humans or animals after dermal exposure to methyl parathion.